JaLCDOI 10.18926/19584
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_1.pdf
著者 Uno, Yoshiyuki| Kubota, Shin-ichiro| Yokomizo, Seiichi| Ogata, Kojiro| Tada, Nobuhiko|
抄録 Scribing of copper coated alumina ceramic board with Q-switched YAG laser used for the maskless direct patterning of circuit board is experimentally investigated, which leads to efficient production of trial circuit board. Better dividing of alumina circuit board 655μm in thickness can be attained by the scribing of about 100μm depth. Higher repetition frequency of laser irradiation leads to smaller notch angle and lower breaking load.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-11-30
29巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 6
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309083
JaLCDOI 10.18926/20011
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_7.pdf
著者 Hiroyuki Tachibana| 東辻 浩夫| 奈良 重俊| 東辻 千枝子|
抄録 Effects of interface fluctuations on the electronic states in semiconductor quantum dots are analyzed on the basis of numerical solutions for ground state wave functions and energy eigenvalues. It is shown that the effective volume of confinement becomes smaller than the real volume of quantum dots due to fluctuation. This effect comes from the fact that the wave functions with larger characteristic wavelength are not able to deform themselves following the fluctuation of interfaces exactly.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-11-30
29巻
1号
開始ページ 7
終了ページ 14
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310741
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19585
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_23.pdf
著者 Kawara, Osami| Fukumoto Kohji|
抄録 In this study we investigated the water quality of surface runoff and groundwater runoff from the basins of the Yodo River and the Asahi River based on that separated by a numerical filter. The water quality of the surface runoff is greatly different from the groundwater runoff. The tendency of concentration change in accordance with river discharges is different from each other. The water qtiality of groundwater runoff changes with river discharges clockwise in many cases. The differences of COD and SS originating from those of population and industrial activities in each basin are found in the lower SS concentrations of the surface runoff and the COD cencentrations of the groundwater runoff. The nutrients and chlorine ion were investigated, too.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-11-30
29巻
1号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 34
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309068
JaLCDOI 10.18926/20012
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_1_15.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Matsubara, Takeo| Obuchi, Masumi|
抄録 A molecular orbital approach to the electronic structure of C(60) molecule is formulated on the basis of optimized bond orbital model and the stability of the truncated icosahedron structure is examined.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-11-30
29巻
1号
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 22
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310919
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15458
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_33.pdf
著者 Wang, Ming| Ahmed, Anis| 和田 修己| 古賀 隆治|
抄録 Proposed here is a convenient optical system to collimate the crescent shaped blue laser beam radiated from a Cerenkov SHG in channel waveguide configuration. This collimation system is consisted of a parabolic mirror and has a very large tolerance to the mirror displacement. The anisotropy of the nonlinear crystal on which the waveguide is fabricated has been taken into account. The optimum mirror location is given to obtain a collimated blue laser beam with an aberration less than 0.07λ. By using an objective lens, the collimated beam can be focused down to a thin beam with the spot size less than 1μm.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 33
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307149
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15461
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_53.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Matsubara Takeo| Miyata Satoru|
抄録 One of the best known solid solution of perovskites is the PbTiO(3)-PbZrO(3) system which is usually abbreviated as PZT. In the phase diagram of this system, there is a drastic phase change from tetragonal to rhombohedral at the molar ratio around 50:50. The PZT crystals are widely used as a practical piezoelectric material because of its very strong piezoelectric effect near this morphotropic phase boundary. We try to explain this anomaly in piezoelectric constant by a phenomenological theory.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 58
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307223
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15453
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_13.pdf
著者 Kusumoto, Hisao| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精| Nishida, Norihide| 竹元 嘉利| 山田 益男|
抄録 The strain in Si substrate induced by locally ion-plated thin film of TiN was observed by X-ray topograph (Lang technique). Circular TiN film was deposited on one side of the Si surface. In all topographs the highest blackness attributed to kinematical diffraction effect occurred at the film edge. Rosette pattern with four-lobes was observed around the film. Blackness as a whole increased with the film thickness. Strain was observed in the depth direction of substrate by limited projection method. When the slit width was narrowed, the kinematical images disappeared, and white images appeared at the film edge. All the contrast disappeared when the TiN film was completely removed in boiling HNO(3). The strain induced by the film deposition was proved to be elastic.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 20
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307150
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15448
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_1.pdf
著者 竹元 嘉利| 榊原 精| 飛田 守孝|
抄録 Fine particles of Ti-Mo alloy have been prepared by means of arc method, and investigated on internal structure and phase transformation using HR-TEM and EDS. Martensite phase was observed in a particle containing comparatively low concentration of Mo, and ω phase was also found to exist in a nearly 14 % M0 particle. The structure of the ω phase in the fine particle is expanded and remarkably unstable in comparison with the bulk sample, so that it has disappeared in a few seconds during TEM observation. Moreover, the β structure of Ti-Mo particles has changed to the unusual fcc phase with irradiation of a strong electron beam.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 7
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307644
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15463
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_59.pdf
著者 西垣 誠| Sun Yao| 河野 伊一郎|
抄録 In this paper, first, an elasto-plastic consitituve equation for unsaturated soil was developed by considering of the basically behavior of unsaturated soil. Second, the results of a number of triaxial test and a set of rigid foundation model tests were simulated by using this constitutive equation, the agreement between observed and computed results was satisfactory and confirms the possibilities of this constitutive equation.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 59
終了ページ 75
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307850
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15460
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_45.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| 橋本 成仁| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 Difficulties in simulating systems composed of classical and quantum particles lie in the treatment of the many-body interactions between quantum particles and the geometrical variety of configurations of classical particles. In order to overcome these difficulties, we have developed some numerical methods and applied them to simple cases. As for stationary states, the finite element method provides us with sufficient geometrical freedom. Combined with the Kohn-Sham equation based on the density functional theory, this method virtually satisfies our requirement. In order to investigate time-dependent phenomena, we apply the time-dependent Kohn-Sham equation. Adopting the finite difference method, we are able to follow the development of quantum many-body system. As an example, we estimate the effects of the potential height, the electric field, and many-body interactions in some transition processes in quantum wells coupled by a tunneling barrier. This example is important in itself in relation to semiconductor superlattices and also serves as a benchmark for quantum simulations, variety of geometry corresponding to that of classical particles.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 52
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307158
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15464
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_77.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Kawamura Haruyuki| 三浦 嘉也|
抄録 Amorphous films of lead oxyfluorosilicate were prepared with a rf-sputtering technique, and the distribution profiles of the component elements and chemical states of the fluoride ions were analyzed with an X-ray photoelectron spectrometer. Si atoms with an expanded coordination, O(4)Si-F, were present near the surface, and O(3)Si-F units were present in the deeper part of the films. Electrical resistance indicated transition to a conduction state for the films containing fluoride ions, while the films were crystallized to precipitate low quartz by the irradiation of He-Ne laser of 3 mW up to 1 sec.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 77
終了ページ 84
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307766
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15452
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_9.pdf
著者 榊原 精| Kanadani, Teruto| Nakagawa, K.| Yokota, Y.|
抄録 The state above the solubility temperature of GP zones of Al-3mass % Mg alloy, which has a tendency for precipitation and preprecipitation at low temperature, was studied by resistivity measurement. Homogenization treatment at high temperature reduced Mg atoms in the surface layer. After quenching from 623K, the specimen was annealed sequentially at various temperatures above the GP zone solvus. The stationary resistivity obtained in annealing at a temperature was the same irrespective of the starting state and increased with decreasing annealing temperature. No precipitation was observed in the annealing. The results are not in favor of the segregation of Mg atoms to the dislocation loops but of the short range clustering.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307581
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15456
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_21.pdf
著者 山本 恭二| Jiao Xuezhen|
抄録 An experimental investigation has been made of the cyclone dust collector with a perforated internal rotating cylinder. The size of the rotating cylinder is of 0.5D, where D is the diameter of the cyclone body, and is the same size as the outlet tube. The dust collection efficiency as well as the pressure loss has been measured when the inlet flow speed is 9 ~ 21 m/s and the rotating speed of the cylinder is 37 ~ 63 m/s. The velocity and pressure distributions were also measured. It is found that the collection efficiency decreases and the pressure loss increases as the rotating speed increases. It is also shown that both the inward radial velocity and the upward vertical velocity become large as the rotating cylinder increases its speed. As a whole, the rotation of the internal cylinder makes worse performance of the cyclone dust collector.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 31
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307575
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15432
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_1.pdf
著者 奈良 重俊| Miho Shigeru| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 The structural stabilities of bulk Si, Ge, and GaAs are discussed based on the total energy evaluated by the summation of the band structure energy and the short-range repulsive potential between ions. The band structure energy is calculated by means of the simple tight-binding method. The tight-binding parameters are determined so as to fit to the results of a pseude potential calculation and Harrison's model is employed to include the influence of lattice deformation. The short-range-force is assumed to be of the exponential form and parameters are determined so as to reproduce an experimental value of bulk modulus. This treatment qualitatively well describes structural properties in spite of the simple computational procedure and roughly gives the known variation of the total energy for a <100> uniaxial strain. This method is able to be applied to an investigation of the structural stabilities of superlattices, for example, a strained layer superlattice consisting of hetero-semiconductors.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 25
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307238
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15447
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_129.pdf
著者 谷口 健男| 廣瀬 壮一| Ouchterlony Finn| Nakagawa Kohji| Miyaji Akihiko| Fukuoka Yasufumi|
抄録 The testing method of rock toughness is proposed by the international society of rock mechanics (ISRM), but the results may be influenced by the test pieces, and the details of the crack propagation and the stress intensity factors are not clarified through the testing. Also the experimental test requires tedious works for the preparation of test specimen and economical responsibility. The present study aims to simulate numerically the rock toughness testing which is proposed by ISRM. For this purpose, the authors propose a numerical method which can simulate the experimental testing, and they show the propriety of the proposed method by comparing the results with the experimental and other numerical methods. At the same time, they clarify the details of crack propagation behaviors in rocks, and show the change of the stress intensity factors. The proposed method is based on the displacement-type finite element method, and several techniques are introduced to obtain accurate solution of the mechanical behavior near the crack-tip area.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 129
終了ページ 138
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307126
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15435
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_39.pdf
著者 東辻 千枝子| Matsubara Takeo|
抄録 There are some substances in which their hydrogen bonds are considered to play quite important roles in their ferroelectric or antiferroelectric phase transition. These ferroelectrics usually have large isotope effects in phase transition temperatures and we expect the physics of hydrogen bonds is closely related to the effects. We propose a simple model describing the isolated hydrogen bond. Based on quantum-mechanical analyses of this model, we study the difference between the behavior of a proton and a deuteron in hydrogen bonds.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 50
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307179
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15434
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_27.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| Tachibana Hiroyuki| Fujimura Hidenori| 奈良 重俊|
抄録 The ground states of interacting electrons in coupled quantum wires are analyzed on the basis of the density functional theory. The exchange-correlation potential is calculated from 'exact' results given by the Green's function Monte Carlo method in two and three dimensions. It is shown that the critical density signifying the change from symmetrical to asymmetrical ground state is weakly dependent on the details of the exchange-correlation potential. These critical values are compared with the result of the three-dimensional analysis for a single wire.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 27
終了ページ 38
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307565
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15440
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_71.pdf
著者 西垣 誠| Sudinda Teddy| Hishiya Tomoyuki| 河野 伊一郎|
抄録 In this paper, method of Eulerian Lagrangian numerical analysis is used to described Advection-Dispersion phenomena. The influence of concentration to the density of fluid is considered. A laboratory model of a two dimensional confined aquifer containing an isotropic, homogeneous porous medium (Hosokawa et.al 1989) was used to validate the applicability of Advection-Dispersion of numerical analysis with steady and unsteady state condition [1].
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 71
終了ページ 85
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307975
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15442
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_87.pdf
著者 Motojima Isao| 河野 伊一郎| 西垣 誠|
抄録 In recent years, construction or planning of large-scale underground structures, such as underground power plants, underground oil storage plants and nuclear power plants have been coming into consideration in Japan. To construct such as large-scale underground structures, one of the most important problems is to make clear beforehand the behavior of groundwater around these structures and the other is to carry out proper countermeasure of groundwater, so that these structures can be constructed safely and maintained stability over a long time period. This report describes the results of theoretical studies on the drain systems and at the same time, discusses the drain systems around the underground cavern for the practical underground power stations.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 87
終了ページ 128
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307220
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15437
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_1_51.pdf
著者 河野 伊一郎| Tanabe Kazuyasu| Tomita Takemitsu|
抄録 A technique for determining the layer structure and content of clay minerals was developed based on the relationship between temperature, and moisture characteristics of clay minerals. Moisture content in standard specimens, prepared by mixing montmorillonite, kaolinite and quartz in various proportions, was determined by measuring weight loss after heating. Based on the results from differential thermal analysis tests, the ignition loss method was found to be widely applicable to clays with montmorillonite and kaolinite as the main components. Dehydration of constituent water occurred at 530℃ and 800℃ in two- and three-layered clay minerals, respectively.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-11-30
28巻
1号
開始ページ 51
終了ページ 59
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307254