JaLCDOI 10.18926/15475
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_2_21.pdf
著者 Myojin Sho| Yamada Masahito| Fujii Naoto|
抄録 Diversion model and disaggregate behavioral model of logit type are adopted as aggregate and disaggregate estimates, respectively. Diversion model is assumed as a binary choice process including diversion ratio function at each step in the process. Diversion ratio is assumed as a function of generalized-travel-time ratio. The function is identified with each of the two steps of diversion; diverson from rail and bus to car at first and from the rest undiverted to bus at second. The data used are those on inter-regional occupational person trips. Each function are found enough and/or critically significant in the statistical sense. At the begginning, sixteen characteristics variables are enrolled in disaggregate model, which are identified by use of the above data. Six variables are reached finally and are all reasonable. A brief comparison of goodness of fit to the data are made between two models.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-03-30
23巻
2号
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 32
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307168
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15462
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_39.pdf
著者 尾坂 明義| Yuasa Motokazu| 三浦 嘉也| 高橋 克明|
抄録 Sodium borosilicate gels of compositions similar to that of Vycor(R) glass like 80SiO(2).15B(2)O(3).5Na(2)O (wt%) were prepared from hydrolysis and polycondensation of metal alkoxides under the HCl catalysis. Variation of specific surface area and porosity with temperature indicated that closed pores were opened below 400℃, and collapsed above 450℃ after the porosity reached a maximum value around 450℃. The structural evolution was examined due to IR spectra and a phase separation in the gels was observed. The solubility of the gels into 1N-HCl was studied as a function of the treatment temperature.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 48
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307518
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15467
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_61.pdf
著者 山本 尚武| 山本 辰馬|
抄録 Skin impedance satisfies the Cole-Cole arc's law. The change of skin impedance during GSR (Galvanic Skin Reflex) can be expressed by the change of equivalent parallel resistance approximately. Using these characteristics, the complicated change of skin impedance during GSR can be determined continuously from the measurement value in one frequency point.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 68
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307322
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15455
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_1.pdf
著者 松田 正明| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 Display equipment has been used as communication media in the factory, office, and home. In order to communicate effectively, it is necessary to clarify the characteristics of eye movement in the case of looking at the display. The development of Eye Camera enables us to measure eye movement during work, so that we can collect the many data of eye movement during work. In this study, we proposed a method to evaluate the visual work using the distribution of visual points in X and Y axis. The cumulative distribution is approximated by the logistic curve which shows the symmetry and kurtosis by the parameter. The proposed method was applied to the three typical display models, that is, the digital meter model, reading model, and game model. In the digital meter model, the visual points were distributed symmetrically along the meters, and the symmetry and kurtosis of the distribution varied by the arranged direction of the meter. In the reading model, the visual points were distributed nearly symmetrically and uniformly in each axis and they were moved around the character and line from the period of spectrum analysis. In the game model, the visual points moved according to the target and were distributed symmetrically in the Y axis. And whether the target moved vertically or horizontally, the kurtosis of the distribution became equal in each axis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 12
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307354
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15465
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_49.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 山本 辰馬| Isayama Yoshiharu|
抄録 In the field of dental study it is most fundamental and necessary to estimate the condition of periodontium. In order to examine a mechanical characteristics of periodontium, the theoretical displacement response to periodontal mechanical model (three elements model) are strictly solved in case of some pulse excitations. Impact excitations (rectangular, triangular and half-cycle sine pulse) are given in physical and mathematical definitions and complete solutions to the impact excitations are provided. The triangular pulse excitation which is obtained by means of a fracture of pencil-lead is most suitable. The mechanical parameters of periodontium are given using this input excitation. This is experimentally confirmed by artificial tooth model. The obtained mechanical characteristic of the periodontal tissues can be applied to clinical diagnosis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 49
終了ページ 60
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307622
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15468
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_69.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫| Takei Makoto|
抄録 The statistical properties of two-dimensional systems of charges in semiconductor superlattices are analyzed and the dispersion relation of the plasma oscillation is calculated. The possibility to excite these oscillations by applying the electric field parallel to the structure is discussed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 69
終了ページ 82
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307988
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15459
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_31.pdf
著者 三浦 嘉也| Yuasa Motokazu| 尾坂 明義| 高橋 克明|
抄録 Sodium borosilicate gels of compositions similar to that of Vycor(R) glass like 80SiO(2).15B(2)O(3).5Na(2)O(wt%) were prepared from hydrolysis and polycondensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate, trimethyl borate, and sodium methylate under the HCl catalysis. Variation of the gelation time is examined as a function of the mixing ratio of the starting materials and the catalyst. The thermal behavior of the gels has been discussed on the basis of their TG and DTA traces.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 31
終了ページ 38
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307464
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15451
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_45.pdf
著者 河野 伊一郎| 西垣 誠| 竹下 祐二|
抄録 There are two classifications of the mechanism of levee failure caused by floods; local seepage failure and progressive failure. The fundamental causes of levee failure produced by piping and erosion were studied and the safety of river leves during floods evaluated in terms of soil machanics. The critical hydraulic gradient and the process of progressive failure were obtained from one- and two- dimensional model experiments for piping and erosion. Problems inherent in and preventive measures against levee failure are discussed. In particular, effects of the Tsukinowa method, the most representative Japanese flood fighting method, were studied experimentally and improvements proposed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 45
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307536
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15449
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_15.pdf
著者 古谷 洋一郎| 東辻 浩夫| Komaki Kunitaka| Tanabe Masahiro|
抄録 An effective potential of an isolated partially ionized high-Z ion, calculated within the framework of the statistical models of atoms, is injected into the one-electron Schrödinger equation, in view of evaluating the electron density and comparing it with the results of statistical models. Starting from this initial value, a self-consistent electron density is obtained on the basis of the density functional theory, where quantum natures of electrons are fully taken into account.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 34
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307361
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15446
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_1.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 山本 辰馬|
抄録 Biomechanical impedance is relatively small compared to industrial mechanical impedance. Thus it is difficult to measure it precisely. A biomechanical impedance measuring system was developed for portable use by means of random excitation. This system doesn't require a fixed body and vibrator supporting apparatus. In order to obtain an impedance spectrum, the FFT processing is performed using a personal computer. The spectra of the biomechanical impedance which is measured on body surfaces depend on body positions and can be roughly classified into three spectra patterns : soft, stiff and intermediate. During the measurement, the measuring conditions (preload, diameter of the vibrating tip etc.) influence the results. However, it became clear that the linearity of the biomechanical impedance was satisfied in the limited measuring conditions. Accordingly it is possible to standardize the impedance and to compare it with the results under different measuring conditions.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 14
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307480
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15454
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_63.pdf
著者 Myojin Syo| Kishino Keiichi| Yamada Masahito|
抄録 The paper is a case study mode choice in interregional occupational person trips. Disagregate behavioral model of logit type is applied to the occupational person trips from Tsuyama area in Okayama Prefecture to Osaka area. The model turned out to give asignificant explanation of the interregional mode choice characteristics. Travel time, travelling expenses and " with or wi thout heavy baggage " were found to be significant.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307421
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15450
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_35.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 Several methods to derive thermodynamic sum rules for a system including charged particle are proposed and applied to charged mixtures as well as one-component systems. The validity of the statements is examined carefully with respect to the ordering in the powers of the wave number. As for the mixture of electrons and ions, it is shown how the aspect of the one-component plasma or the ionic mixture appears when electrons become strongly degenerate.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307661