Author Furumatsu, Takayuki| Hachioji, Motomi| Saiga, Kenta| Takata, Naoki| Yokoyama, Yusuke| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Published Date 2010-01-01
Publication Title Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume volume391
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
Author Furumatsu, Takayuki| Shukunami, Chisa| Amemiya-Kudo, Michiyo| Shimano, Hitoshi| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Published Date 2010-01
Publication Title The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Volume volume42
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31823
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Nakanishi, Kazuo| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Misawa, Haruo| Takigawa, Tomoyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>Scoliosis is a common clinical manifestation of Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder that almost exclusively affects females. The spinal curve in patients with Rett syndrome is typically a long C curve of a neuromuscular type. As the onset of the scoliosis is very early and shows rapid progression, early surgical intervention has been recommended to prevent a life-threatening collapsing spine syndrome. However, there are high perioperative risks in Rett syndrome patients who undergo spinal surgery, such as neurological compromise and respiratory dysfunction due to rigid spinal curve. We herein report the surgical result of treating severe rapid progressive thoracic scoliosis in a 16-year-old girl with Rett syndrome. Posterior segmental pedicle screw fixation was performed from T1 to L3 using a computer-assisted technique. Post-operative radiography demonstrated a good correction of the curve in both the sagittal and coronal alignment. There were no postoperative complications such as neurological compromise. The patient had maintained satisfactory spinal balance as of the 3-year follow-up examination.</p>
Keywords Rett syndrome scoliosis computer navigation-assisted surgery segmental pedicle screw fixation
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2009-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 373
End Page 377
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20035294
Web of Science KeyUT 000273145900009
Author Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Abe, Nobuhiro| Nishida, Keiichiro| Naruse, Keiji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Published Date 2009-09-18
Publication Title Journal of Biomechanics
Volume volume42
Issue issue13
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31814
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Minagawa, Hiroshi| Aiga, Ayako| Endo, Hirosuke| Mitani, Shigeru| Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>This retrospective study assessed the radiographic results of 16 patients with avascular necrosis following treatment for developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH) who were subsequently treated between 1991 and 2005 by rotation acetabular osteotomy (RAO) combined with femoral intertrochan-teric osteotomy (FIO). Initial treatment was by Pavlik harness, cast fixation, or overhead traction. The parameters that showed consistent improvement were the index of centralization, the index of acetabular coverage, adequate reduction of the greater trochanter, and abductor sufficiency. The combined procedure appears to be effective in cases in which preoperative planning shows a reasonable expectation of congruency and osteoarthritis is limited to the early stages.</p>
Keywords rotation acetabular osteotomy femoral intertrochanteric osteotomy combined procedure developmental dysplasia of hip avascular necrosis
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2009-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 169
End Page 175
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 19727201
Web of Science KeyUT 000269228400002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31850
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ohmori, Takao| Endo, Hirosuke| Mitani, Shigeru| Minagawa, Hiroshi| Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>In 1957, Pavlik introduced the Pavlik harness as a useful treatment for developmental dislocation of the hip (DDH), and subsequent studies have documented favorable outcomes among patients treated with this device. However, there are only a few articles reporting how early radiographic measurements can be used to determine the prognosis after treatment with the Pavlik harness. In this study, 217 hips from 192 patients whose DDH treatment with the Pavlik harness was initiated before they were 6 months old and whose follow-up lasted at least 14 years (rate, 63.8%) were analyzed using measurements from radiographs taken immediately before and after harness treatment, and at 1, 2, and 3 years of age. Severin's classification at the final follow-up was I or II in 71.9% and III or IV in 28.1% of the hips, respectively. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVN) was seen in 10% of the hips. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to retrospectively determine whether any radiographic factors were related to the final classification as Severin I/II or III/IV. Receiver opera-ting characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn for these factors, and a Wiberg OE angle (Point O was the middle point of the proximal metaphyseal border of the femur) of 2 degrees on the 3-year radiographs was found to be the most useful screening value for judging the acetabular development of DDH cases after treatment with a Pavlik harness, with a sensitivity of 71% a specificity of 93%, and a likelihood ratio of 10.1.</p>
Keywords developmental dislocation of the hip long-term follow up radiographic measurement stepwise multiple regression analysis acetabular development
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2009-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 123
End Page 128
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 19571898
Web of Science KeyUT 000267388200001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31849
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Nakahara, Shinnosuke| Ito, Yasuo| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Misawa, Haruo| Koshimune, Koichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>Surgical treatment of metastatic spinal cord compression is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of our current surgical treatments and the use of spinal instrumentation. In this retrospective study covering the years between 1990 and 2006, 100 patients with spinal metastases which were secondary to various cancers underwent posterior and/or anterior decompression with spinal stabilization for the purposes of reduction of pain, and/or to help correct or improve neurological deficits. The group was made up of 60 men and 40 women whose ages ranged from 16 to 83 years (average of 60 years), and the average follow-up period was 14 months. The effect of treatment upon pain relief and neural deficits was assessed, and the cumulative survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The average surgical time was 185min. This was calculated based on the following times, listed here with the surgery type:178min for posterior surgery;245min for anterior surgery;465 min for combined surgery;and 475min for total en bloc spondylectomy. Average blood loss during surgery was 1,630 ml for posterior surgery, 1,760 ml for anterior surgery, 1,930 ml for combined surgery, and 3,640 ml for total en bloc spondylectomy. Preoperative pain and paralysis were improved by 88% and 53%, respectively. In regards to surgical complications, postoperative epidural hematoma was observed in 2 patients, and instrumentation-related infection was observed in 1. Only 2 patients died within 2 months of surgery. In conclusion, posterior and/or anterior decompression with spinal stabilization is a safe and effective treatment for patients with spinal metastases, and can improve their quality of life.</p>
Keywords spinal metastasis spinal surgery instrumentation
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2009-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 145
End Page 150
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 19571901
Web of Science KeyUT 000267388200004
Author Furumatsu, Takayuki| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Asahara, Hiroshi|
Published Date 2009-05
Publication Title The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Volume volume41
Issue issue5
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30972
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Endo, Hirosuke| Asaumi, Koji| Mitani, Shigeru| Noda, Tomoyuki| Minagawa, Hiroshi| Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>A minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis technique using a locking compression plate (LCP) has been used widely in trauma cases. Its advantages are that the MIPO technique does not interfere with the fracture site and thus provides improved biological healing, and that the LCP has excellent angular stability. Its use in bone lengthening, however, has not been established. In such cases, it is desirable to shorten the external skeletal fixation period as much as possible. Here, the MIPO technique using an LCP was applied to femoral distraction osteogenesis in an attempt to shorten the external skeletal fixation period. For femoral lengthening, the MIPO technique was performed in 2 stages. Orthofix external fixators (Orthofix, England) were used to insert screws from the anterolateral side rather than from the lateral side of the femur for bone lengthening. When sufficient callus formation was detected postoperatively at the site of bone lengthening, and the absence of infection was ensured, limb draping was performed, including a whole external fixator, and then the MIPO technique was applied with an LCP. In 3 cases (5 limbs), the average duration of external skeletal fixation was 134days, the average external-fixation index was 24days/cm, and the average consolidation index was 22days/cm. The MIPO technique using an LCP made it possible to shorten the external skeletal fixation-wearing period in femoral lengthening.</p>
Keywords femoral lengthening minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis locking compression plate external skeletal fixation external-fixation index
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2008-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume62
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 333
End Page 339
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18985094
Web of Science KeyUT 000260391300008
Author Kikuchi, Takeshi| Kubota, Satoshi| Asaumi, Koji| Kawaki, Harumi| Nishida, Takashi| Kawata, Kazumi| Mitani, Shigeru| Tabata, Yasuhiko| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Takigawa, Masaharu|
Published Date 2008-06
Publication Title Tissue Engineering Part A
Volume volume14
Issue issue6
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30974
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ikuma, Hisanori| Abe, Nobuhiro| Uchida, Youichiro| Furumatsu, Takayuki| Fujiwara, Kazuo| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>Instability of the knee after the medial collateral ligament (MCL) injury is usually assessed with the manual valgus stress test, even though, in recent years, it has become possible to apply magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to the assessment of the damage of the ligament. The valgus instability of 24 patients (12 isolated injuries and 12 multiple ligament injuries) who suffered MCL injury between 1993 and 1998 was evaluated with the Hughston and Eilers classification, which involves radiographic assessment under manual valgus stress to the injured knees. We developed a novel system for classifying the degree of injury to the MCL by calculating the percentage of injured area based on MRI and investigated the relationship between this novel MRI classification and the magnitude of valgus instability by the Hughston and Eilers classification. There was a significant correlation between the 2 classifications (p=0.0006). On the other hand, the results using other MRI based classification systems, such as the Mink and Deutsch classificaiton and the Petermann classification, were not correlated with the findings by the Hughston and Eilers classification in these cases (p0.05). Since MRI is capable of assessing the injured ligament in clinical practice, this novel classification system would be useful for evaluating the stability of the knee and choosing an appropriate treatment following MCL injury.</p>
Keywords medial collateral ligament magnetic resonance imaging knee instability novel method
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2008-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume62
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 185
End Page 191
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18596835
Web of Science KeyUT 000257130300006
Author Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Published Date 2008-05-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume120
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30956
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Doi, Hideyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Yorimitsu, Masanori| Komiyama, Takamitsu| Kadota, Yasutaka| Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Yoshida, Aki| Kubota, Satoshi| Takigawa, Masaharu| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>Mechanical stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of cartilage destruction seen in osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated the effect of cyclic tensile stress (CTS) on the anabolic and catabolic gene expression of rat cultured normal chondrocytes using the Flexercell strain unit. The effects of interleukin (IL)-4, a chondroprotective cytokine, on the changes in gene expression induced by CTS were also investigated. CTS (7% elongation at 0.5 Hz) for 24 h did not affect the expression of aggrecan and type II collagen, whereas CTS significantly upregulated matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and cathepsin B mRNA expression by chondrocytes. IL-1beta expression was also signifi cantly upregulated by CTS up to 12 h. The upregulation of MMP-13 was observed at 3 h, which was earlier than that of IL-1beta. Furthermore, pre-treatment with IL-4 (10 ng/ml) suppressed both MMP-13 and cathepsin B induction by mechanical stress, as well as CTS-induced IL-1beta expression. Our results suggest that IL-4 might have a therapeutic value in the treatment of OA by downregulation of mechanical stress-induced MMP-13 and cathepsin B expression by chondrocytes.</p>
Keywords IL-4 MMP cathepsin B mechanical stress aggrecanase
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2008-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume62
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 119
End Page 126
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18464888
Web of Science KeyUT 000255297600008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32889
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Kazuo| Tanaka, Masato| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>We performed fixation using laminar screws in 2 patients in whom lateral mass screws, pedicle screws or transarticular screws could not be inserted. One was a 56-year-old woman who had anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). When a guide wire was inserted using an imaging guide, the hole bled massively. We thought the re-insertion of a guide wire or screw would thus increase the risk of vascular injury, so we used laminar screws. The other case was an 18-year-old man who had a hangman fracture. Preoperative magnetic resonance angiography showed occlusion of the left vertebral artery. A laminar screw was inserted into the patent side (i.e., the right side of C2). Cervical pedicle screws are the most biomechanically stable screws. However, their use carries a high risk of neurovascular complications during screw insertion, because the cervical pedicle is small and is adjacent laterally to the vertebral artery, medially to the spinal cord, and vertically to the nerve roots. Lateral mass screws are also reported to involve a risk of neurovascular injuries. The laminar screw method was thus thought to be useful, since arterial injuries could thus be avoided and it could also be used as a salvage modality for the previous misinsertion.</p>
Keywords laminar screw neurovascular complications lateral mass screw pedicle screw transarticular
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2007-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 115
End Page 119
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17471313
Web of Science KeyUT 000245875600010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30721
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Inoue, Atsushi| Asaumi, Koji| Endo, Hirosuke| Fujiwara, Kazuo| Mitani, Shigeru| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract The present retrospective study assessed radiographs to determine socket wear in total hip arthroplasty (THA) with 22-mm zirconia or COP (Cobalt-Chrome alloy rich in Cobalt and Phosphorous) heads, and in cemented stems at more than 10 years after operation. Sockets of ultra high molecular weight polyethylene were used in each of two THA groups (13 hips each) in a clinical trial in our hospital between 1989 and 1990. Three observers carried out masked assessments of the radiographs. Upon fi nal examination, there was no remarkable loosening in the zirconia or COP group, and no case had required revision surgery as of 2005. There was a statistically signifi cant diff erence between the 2 groups in average annual linear wear, at 0.093 mm/year and 0.046 mm/year in the zirconia and COP groups, respectively. Volume wear and average annual volume wear were also signifi cantly greater in the zirconia group despite its superior mechanical strength and toughness in vitro. Our present fi ndings do not confi rm early expectations of lower wear in long-term results of 22-mm zirconia femoral heads used in THA.
Keywords total hip arthroplasty zirconia head COP head polyethylene wear
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2006-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume60
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 311
End Page 318
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17189974
Web of Science KeyUT 000243019000002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30739
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Aiga, Ayako| Asaumi, Koji| Lee, You Jin| Kadota, Hiroaki| Mitani, Shigeru| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Takigawa, Masaharu|
Abstract The localization and expression of neurotrophins and their receptors during distraction osteogenesis was investigated in 72 male rat femurs (11 weeks old) to further clarify the concurrence of cellular and molecular events of new bone formation. After osteotomy, a 7-day lag phase was followed by distraction at the rate of 0.25 mm/12 h for 21 days (distraction phase), and a 7-day consolidation phase. The localization of neurotrophins (NGF, BDNF and NT-3) and their receptors tropomyosinrelated kinases (TRKA, TRKB and TRKC) by immunostaining showed positive staining in bone forming cells in each stage, although the presence and staining intensity varied by cell type and phase. The expressions of NGF, BDNF and NT-3 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (real-time PCR) showed that the peak of the mRNA expression of NGF occurred 10 days after distraction. NT-3 increased during bone extension, but decreased when distraction stopped. In contrast, BDNF continued to increase gradually throughout the distraction and consolidation phases. These findings suggest that neurotrophins and their receptors may play different roles in endochondral and intramembranous ossification in distraction osteogenesis. The tension stress caused by distraction may stimulate the expression of neurotrophins and their receptors, and promote osteogenesis.
Keywords neurotrophin Trk distraction osteogenesis mechanical stress
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2006-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume60
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 267
End Page 277
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17072373
Web of Science KeyUT 000241509000003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30749
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Komiyama, Takamitsu| Nishida, Keiichiro| Yorimitsu, Masanori| Doi, Hideyuki| Miyazawa, Shinichi| Kitamura, Ai| Yoshida, Aki| Nasu, Yoshihisa| Abe, Nobuhiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Ossification disturbance in femoral head reportedly is seen in the Spontaneously Hypertensive rats (SHR) between ages of 10 and 20 weeks. We investigated serum and tissue levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in SHR relevant to the ossification disturbance and osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Serum levels of IGF-1 and VEGF were significantly lower in SHR than in Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) at weeks 5, 10, 15 and 20 (p&#60;0.005). The incidence of histological ossification disturbance of the femoral head was higher in SHR (59%) than in WKY (40%) at week 20. Lower serum and local levels of VEGF in SHR appeared to be related to the incomplete ossification of the femoral heads. Immunohistochemical study showed significantly lower numbers of IGF-1 and VEGF positive chondrocytes in the femoral epiphyseal cartilage of SHR than in those of WKY at weeks 10, 15 and 20. Our results suggest that local and/or systemic levels of IGF-1 and VEGF between ages of 5 and 20 weeks might play roles in the pathogenesis of ossifi cation disturbance of the femoral head in SHR.
Keywords spontaneous hypertensive rats insulin like growth factor-1 vascular endothelial growth factor ossification disturbance osteonecrosis
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2006-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume60
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 141
End Page 148
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 16838042
Web of Science KeyUT 000238503600001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30758
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Nakahara, Shinnosuke| Ito, Yauo| Nakanishi, Kazuo| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Ikuma, Hisanori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and to determine indicators of the necessity of surgical intervention. Twelve consecutive patients harboring symptomatic sacral perineural cysts were treated between 1995 and 2003. All patients were assessed for neurological deficits and pain by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance of imaging, computerized tomography, and myelography were performed to detect signs of delayed filling of the cysts. We performed a release of the valve and imbrication of the sacral cysts with laminectomies in 8 cases or recapping laminectomies in 4 cases. After surgery, symptoms improved in 10 (83%) of 12 patients, with an average follow-up of 27 months. Ten patients had sacral perineural cysts with signs of positive filling defect. Two (17%) of 12 patients experienced no significant improvement. In one of these patients, the filling defect was negative. In conclusion, a positive filling defect may become an indicator of good treatment outcomes.</p>
Keywords Tarlov cyst sacral perineural cyst meningeal cyst meningeal diverticulum sacral radiculopathy
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2006-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume60
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 65
End Page 70
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 16508691
Web of Science KeyUT 000235538900008
Author 尾﨑 敏文|
Published Date 2006-01-04
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume117
Issue issue3
Content Type Journal Article
Author Ito, Tatsuo| Ouchida, Mamoru| Morimoto, Yuki| Yoshida, Aki| Jitsumori, Yoshimi| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Sonobe, Hiroshi| Inoue, Hajime| Shimizu, Kenji|
Published Date 2005-06-28
Publication Title Cancer Letters
Volume volume224
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article