JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/13907
タイトル(別表記) Chemical and Rb-Sr isotopic features of the shock-melted chondrite Yamato-793533
フルテキストURL ESR_6_29.pdf
著者 岡野 修| 片山 博子| 中村 昇|
抄録 The Sr isotopic compositions and Rb and Sr abundances, as well as major element abundances in olivine, pyroxenes and glass, were determined for a chip and 21 fractions separated from a shock-melted chondrite Yamato-793533, a dark-colored, porous stone with glassy texture. Two lithologies were recognized for the 1.5g specimen studied (Yamato-793533, 67) ; L (Main portion) and L to LL (Dark portion) chondritic in terms of chemical compositions of olivine and pyroxenes. The chemical compositions of glass are relatively homogeneous (SiO2=67-77%) compared to those of other ordinary chondrites, suggesting a moderate cooling rate after shock-melting. The data points for fractions do not foem any isochron in a 87Rb/86Sr vs. 87Sr/86Sr diagram. However, it is noted that six out of nine points for the dark portion plot around a 1.2 Ga line, while most of points for the main portion plot around a 4.55 Ga chondrite isochron. The observed difference could be responsible for difference in melting degrees between the two portions. Similar Rb-Sr features have been found among shock-melted Yamato-79 LL-chondrites which are considered to be paired stones experienced the same shock-melting event at 1.2 Ga. Consequently, the Rb-Sr systematics as well as petrologic features strongly suggest that Yamato-793533 is a member of a series of the shock-melted Yamato-79 LL-chondrites.
キーワード LL-chondrite Shock-melting Sr isotope
出版物タイトル Okayama University Earth Science Report
発行日 1999-09-20
6巻
1号
開始ページ 29
終了ページ 38
ISSN 1340-7414
言語 Japanese
著作権者 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310391
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/13949
タイトル(別表記) Rb-Sr age of K-rich LL-chondrite Yamato-74442
フルテキストURL ESR_2_91.pdf
著者 西谷 七代| 岡野 修| 加々美 寛雄| 中村 昇|
抄録 Yamato-74442, a brecciated LL-group chondrite, consists of fragments with igeous texture, chondrules, mineral fragments, and host. The fragments involve K-rich fragments as well as normal ones. Typically, both fragments consist mainly of euhedral porphyritic olivines and a few orthopyroxenes in a glassy grundmass. EPMA analyses for these fragments indicate that olivines and orthoptroxenes have a range of Fe/(Fe+Mg) ratio of 27.19~31.33 and 20.10~26.91 mol%, respectively. There is no significant difference in these rations between K-rich (Na2O/K2O<1) and normal framents. The K2O contents of groundmass for K-rich fragments range from 0.51 to 4.89 wt% and that of the normal fragments is 0.38~090 wt%. K2O contents of groundmass vary from fragment to fragment but are rather homegeneous in a single fragment. Rb-Sr isotopic determination on eighteen K-rich fragments (1.5 to 9.5mg in weight) gave an internal isochron age of 4.514±0.022 (2σ) Ga (λ87Rb=1.42×10-11y-1) and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratio of 0.7016±0.0024. This age is somewhat old compared with a whole rock isochron age of LL chondrites (4.493±0.18 Ga; Minster and Allegre, 1981). From a comoarison of the present result with others so far reported, it is inferred that the alkali differentiation as observed in Yamato-74442 probably occurred prior to or during a process of accumulation from LL chondrite parent material in the early solar nebula. 
キーワード LL-chondrite Rb-Sr age Sr isotope K-rich fragment
出版物タイトル Okayama University Earth Science Report
発行日 1995-09-20
2巻
1号
開始ページ 91
終了ページ 102
ISSN 1340-7414
言語 Japanese
著作権者 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310270
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/19849
タイトル(別表記) ガーナ,アシャンティ火山帯南部に分布する古原生代変火山岩類のSr-Nd 同位体組成
フルテキストURL 016_009_028.pdf
著者 ダムパリ サムエル| 柴田 次夫| アシード ダニエル| 岡野 修| マーヌ ジョンソン| サチ パトリック|
抄録 Neodymium (Nd) and strontium (Sr) isotopic data are presented for Paleoproterozoic metavolcanic rocks in the southern part of the Ashanti volcanic belt of Ghana. The metavolcanic rocks are predominantly basalts/basaltic andesites and andesites with minor dacites. Two types of basalts/basaltic andesites (B/A), Type I and Type II, have been identified. The Type I B/A are stratigraphically overlain by the Type II B/A, followed by the andesites and the dacites. The analyzed volcanic rocks commonly have low initial (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratios consistent with previous studies on Paleoproterozoic rocks from the West African craton. The LREE-depleted, tholeiitic Type I B/A exhibit back-arc basin geochemical signatures and show high positive epsilon Nd (i.e., ε(Nd) (2.1 Ga) = +3.89 to +7.21), which suggest a long term depleted source and also indicate that they were produced in an entirely oceanic environment devoid of influence of continental crust. The isotope signatures are thus consistent with the previously published trace element data of the Type I basalts/basaltic andesites in suggesting that their parent magma was generated from a depleted mantle. The Type I B/A have Nd model ages (T(DM2)) of 1.83–2.09 Ga similar to their formation ages, suggesting that they were juvenile at their time of formation. The andesites and the Type II B/A andesites show LREE-enriched patterns and exhibit characteristics of subduction zone-related magmas, and show initial ε(Nd) (2.1Ga) values of –1.15 to + 1.35 and Nd model ages (T(DM2)) of 2.32–2.58 Ga. The LREE-enriched dacitic porphyry also exhibits characteristics of subduction zone-related magmas, and have initial ε(Nd) (2.1Ga) value of –2.24 and Nd model ages (T(DM2)) of 2.64 Ga. The Nd isotopic data confirms the juvenile character of the Birimian crust, but also suggests some contributions of a pre-Birimian crustal material (or Archean?) in the genesis of some of the metavolcanic rocks. Our isotopic result is consistent with the island arc complex model which views Paleoproteozoic terranes of West Africa in the context of subduction–accretion processes.
キーワード Sr–Nd isotopes petrogenesis tectonic setting Birimian metavolcanics Ashanti volcanic belt
出版物タイトル Okayama University Earth Science Report
発行日 2009-12-25
16巻
1号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 28
ISSN 1340-7414
言語 English
著作権者 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308985
JaLCDOI 10.18926/21139
タイトル(別表記) Isotopic Analysis of Rb and Sr Using a Full Automatic Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer
フルテキストURL pitsr_052_051_070.pdf
著者 加々美 寛雄| 岡野 修| 須藤 宏| 本間 弘次|
抄録 Analytical method for strontium isotope ratios and rubidium and strontium concentrations has been established using a full automatic thermal ionization mass spectrometer. The machine is a modified model "MAT 260" of Varian MAT LTD. Each of simultaneously loaded thirteen samples is successively analysed full automatically following to a specific controling program which has been selected as being most suitable for each sample. However, the most characteristic feature of this machine compared to other types is computer controled peak jumping and peak centering before measurment of the signal of each peak. By this the accuracy of isotopic measurement has been surprisingly improved. Analytical procedures are described in detail which include decomposition of samples, separation of Rb and Sr, loading samples on filament and mass spectrometry. Accuracy and reproducibility of isotope analyses are excellent : 43 separate analyses of standard sample NBS 987 over one year gave a mean (87)Sr/(86)Sr ratio of 0.710238 (normalized to the (88)Sr/(86)Sr ratio of 8.375209) with a value of 20δ of 0.000008. The ratio obtained is slightly higher than the value of 0.71014 given by NBS, but it is almost identical to the mean of recently reported twenty analyses. Our determinations for Rb and Sr concentrations of standard samples are as follows : JG-1, Rb 184.4 ppm, Sr 185.5 ppm; JB-l, Rb 41.5Ppm, Sr 448.4 ppm , each of which is near the mean of reported values for corresponding element of the sample (ANDO et al., 1974). Concentrations of Rb and Sr in pure water and regents used in chemical treatement of samples were also measured; a possible error due to the contamination is negligible for most geochemical samples.
出版物タイトル 岡山大学温泉研究所報告
発行日 1982-03-25
52巻
開始ページ 51
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0369-7142
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310968
JaLCDOI 10.18926/ESR/13957
フルテキストURL ESR_1_27.pdf
著者 岡野 修| 西谷 七代| 加々美 寛雄|
抄録 Rb-Sr isotopic study as well as petrologic investigations have been done on sixteen individul chondrule samples separated from the Allegan (H5) chondrite. The Rb-Sr chondrule isochron does not define a very precise age (4.42±0.17 Ga) and 87Sr/86Sr initial ratio (0.6997±0.0014) due to the very small variation in Rb/Sr ratio for the chondrules, whereas the model ages give a much more speciffic value (4.42±0.02 Ga). These ages may probably be indicative of the time of primary process (es) (e.g. chondrule formation) rather than secondary (metamorphic reheating) or tertiary (shock heating) processes in and/or on the H-chodrite parent body (or bodies). Chemical compositions of oliveines (Fa=17.5mol%, mean deviation (MD)=1.3%) and orthopyoxenes (Fs=15.4mol%, MD=3.2%) are moderately homogenized among the chondrules, while certains chemically uneguilibrated features are also distinctly preserved in this chondrite. Homogeneity of the mineral compositions, therefore, could not have been caused by thermal metamorphism but were probably inherited from processes prior to aggregation of the components. The overall implications of the chondrule isochron and model ages in relation to the petrological features and in comparison with Rb-Sr data of other chondrites of different chemical groups and petrologic types are discussed.
キーワード chondrule age Rb-Sr isochron Allegan H- chondrite meteorite metamorphism olivine pyroxene
出版物タイトル Okayama University Earth Science Report
発行日 1994-09-20
1巻
1号
開始ページ 27
終了ページ 36
ISSN 1340-7414
言語 English
著作権者 岡山大学地球科学研究報告編集委員会
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002310261