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ID 13294
Eprint ID
13294
FullText URL
Title Alternative
Non-contingent reinforcement as a treatment for problem behaviors in the natural contexts of a special needs school.
Author
Okada, Shingo
Ohtake, Yoshihisa Kaken ID researchmap
Abstract
This study evaluate the effects of an intervention package, including non-contingent reinforcement(NCR), to reduce severe problem behaviors of a student with autism and mental retardation in the daily program of a special needs school. Prioritizing the practicality of assessment and intervention procedures, we relied on interview and direct observation to identify the function of the problem behaviors and selected a maintained reinforcer that was easily delivered among alternatives. In Intervention 1, NCR was provided, with extinction (EXT) and contingent response to communicative behaviors(CR). In Intervention 2, visual schedule and peer mediated strategy, in addition to NCR, EXT, and CR, were introduced. Reduction of the problem behaviors occured following Intervention 1, and more substantial occurred following Intervention 2. Additionally, increases in class participation were noticeable after Intervention 2. Additionally, increases in class participation were noticeable after Intervention 2 was implemented. On the basis of these results, we discussed practical ways of implementing NCR interventions in school settings where controlling environments is typically difficult.
Keywords
functional behavioral assessment
non-contingent reinforcement
problem behavior
mental retardation
autism
Published Date
2008-06-25
Publication Title
岡山大学教育学部研究集録
Publication Title Alternative
Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Okayama University
Volume
volume138
Issue
issue1
Publisher
岡山大学教育学部
Publisher Alternative
Faculty of Education, Okayama University
Start Page
45
End Page
54
ISSN
0471-4008
NCID
AN00032875
Content Type
Departmental Bulletin Paper
language
日本語
File Version
publisher
Refereed
False
Eprints Journal Name
bgeou