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ID 13294
Eprint ID
13294
フルテキストURL
タイトル(別表記)
Non-contingent reinforcement as a treatment for problem behaviors in the natural contexts of a special needs school.
著者
岡田 信吾 岡山大学
大竹 喜久 岡山大学 Kaken ID researchmap
柳原 正文 岡山大学
抄録
This study evaluate the effects of an intervention package, including non-contingent reinforcement(NCR), to reduce severe problem behaviors of a student with autism and mental retardation in the daily program of a special needs school. Prioritizing the practicality of assessment and intervention procedures, we relied on interview and direct observation to identify the function of the problem behaviors and selected a maintained reinforcer that was easily delivered among alternatives. In Intervention 1, NCR was provided, with extinction (EXT) and contingent response to communicative behaviors(CR). In Intervention 2, visual schedule and peer mediated strategy, in addition to NCR, EXT, and CR, were introduced. Reduction of the problem behaviors occured following Intervention 1, and more substantial occurred following Intervention 2. Additionally, increases in class participation were noticeable after Intervention 2. Additionally, increases in class participation were noticeable after Intervention 2 was implemented. On the basis of these results, we discussed practical ways of implementing NCR interventions in school settings where controlling environments is typically difficult.
キーワード
functional behavioral assessment
non-contingent reinforcement
problem behavior
mental retardation
autism
発行日
2008-06-25
出版物タイトル
岡山大学教育学部研究集録
出版物タイトル(別表記)
Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Okayama University
138巻
1号
出版者
岡山大学教育学部
出版者(別表記)
Faculty of Education, Okayama University
開始ページ
45
終了ページ
54
ISSN
0471-4008
NCID
AN00032875
資料タイプ
紀要論文
言語
Japanese
論文のバージョン
publisher
査読
無し
Eprints Journal Name
bgeou