Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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完全全脳虚血後の脳障害に対する炭酸リチウムの効果に関する研究

Yaida, Yutaka
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Abstract
The efficacy of lithium carbonate (Li) in preventing ischemic brain injury was evaluated in 36 dogs in a vegetative state. The dogs were subjected to 18 minutes of complete global brain ischemia and diveded into the following three groups ; control group (n=12), L-Ⅰ group (n=12), and L-Ⅱ group (n=12). In the L-Ⅰand L-Ⅱgroups, dogs were administered Li (10mg/kg) immediately after the end of ischemia (post-treatment). Only in the L-Ⅱ group, dogs were administered Li (100mg/kg) orally one day before the ischemic insult (pre-treatment). In each group, nuerologic outcome was evaluated for seven days after ischemia, and morphological changes in hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cells, small to medium-sized striatal neurons and cerebellar Purkinje cells were evaluated at day seven. In the L-Ⅱ group, neutrologic outcome was significantly better than that in the control group, and morphological improvement was recognized. Pre-treatment with Li might improve both neurologic and morphologic outcomes due to powerful inhibition of the stimulated phosphoinositide turnover during ishchemia. These fingings suggest that the stimulated phosphoinositide turnover during and immediately after ischemia might play an important role in brain injury induced by 18 minutes of complete global brain ischemia.
Keywords
完全全脳虚血
イノシトールリン脂質作動系
炭酸リチウム
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489