JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30512
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Takata, Shingo| Yamamoto, Yuji| Ishizu, Hideo|
抄録 <p>A method of genotyping IgA2 alleles in the human immunoglobulin alpha 2 heavy chain constant region (C alpha 2 gene) was developed by using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). By this method, the genotype was determined by discriminating base substitution in the 3'-flanking region of alleles, A2m*1 and A2m*2, which manifest A2m serum types, by nested PCR using allele-specific primers. Three types, IgA2*1/IgA2*1, IgA2*2/IgA2*1, and IgA2*2/IgA2*2, were detected from DNA extracted from lymphocytes. Genotyping was possible from 100 pg of DNA by this method. The estimated allele frequency in 318 Japanese subjects was 0.561 for IgA2*1 and 0.439 for IgA2*2. Analysis of 29 cases of paternity tests suggested that the data follow Mendel's law of inheritance. This genotype could also be detected in whole blood, blood stains, saliva stains, and various organs and tissues. These results suggest the usefulness of the present method for paternity testing and individual identification in forensic medicine.</p>
キーワード polymorphism deoxryibonucleic acid(DNA) immunoglobulin alpha 2 polymerase chain reaction(PCR) allele-specific amplificartion
Amo Type Article
発行日 1996-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
50巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 9
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 8701775
Web of Science KeyUT A1996TY06000001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14963
タイトル(別表記) サーモグラフィーによる体表面温度の測定 2.温水負荷の効果
フルテキストURL 069_068_075.pdf
著者 保崎 泰弘| 高田 真吾| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 谷崎 勝朗| 越智 浩二| 原田 英雄| 辻 孝夫|
抄録 The body surface temperature of 41 patients suffering coldness, numbness or pain in their feet was examined using thermography. Thermographic results were analyzed quantitatively by calculating a recovery ratio as: Recovery ratio =[Total counts of thermography (Pixels) over temperature (T) after cold loading] ÷ [Initial counts over T before cold loading] x 100(%). Three different baseline temperatures, 26℃. 27℃ and 28℃, were used in processing the thermographic results into pictures. The recovery ratio was susceptible to temperature, and we recommend a baseline temperature limitation of 27℃ for clinical study. A bi-modal distribution of recovery ratio was observed in 18 patients with diabetes mellitus. One group (6 subjects) had high recovery ratio between 80%-100%, and another group (10 subjects) had a low recovery ratio between 0%-19%. The results of thermography were also influenced by weather. To reduce the effect of outside temperature, we used pre-loading with hot water at 36℃ for 5 min (hot loading). A large difference in recovery ratio between presence and absence of hot loading was observed in 6 of the 30 subjects. The difference was over-estimated in more than 20% of recovery ratio without hot loading as compared with hot loading in these 6 subjects. The effect of drugs on peripheral circulation, such as beraprost sodium and sarpogrelate hydrochloride, was clear and quantified using thermography under these conditions of hot loading.
キーワード サーモグラフィー (thermography) 糖尿病 (diabetes mellitus) 末梢循環 (peripheral circulation) 冷水負荷 (cold loading) 温水負荷 (hot loading)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 68
終了ページ 75
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308316
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14962
タイトル(別表記) ステロイド依存性重症難治性気管支喘息症例における胃粘膜病変の検討
フルテキストURL 069_063_067.pdf
著者 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 原田 誠之| 岡本 誠| 湯本 英一朗| 高田 真吾| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 Recently, we experienced two asthmatic patients with advanced gastric cancer. The two patients had steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA) who had been on administration of corticosteroids for more than 2 years. To determine the influence of pathophysiology of SDIA on stomach mucous lesion, gastroscopic examinations and immunological examinations were performed in eight patients with SDIA, compared with 25 patient with non-SDIA. In patients with SDIA, gastric cancer, its precursor condition and immunosuppressive state were observed. These results suggest that the immunosuppressive state in SDIA induced by the long-term administration of corticosteroids may lead to the risk of gastric cancer development.
キーワード ステロイド依存性重症難治性 (steroid-dependent intractable asthma (SDIA)) 胃癌 (gastric cancer) 免疫抑制 (immunosuppression) リンパ球 (lymphocytes) IgG
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 63
終了ページ 67
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308665
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14961
タイトル(別表記) 鼻腔・副鼻腔疾患を合併する気管支喘息症例に対するクラリスロマイシン投与の効果
フルテキストURL 069_057_062.pdf
著者 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 原田 誠之| 岡本 誠| 湯本 英一朗| 高田 真吾| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 We experienced a case of 59-year-old woman with intractable asthma, who had aspirin intolerance. Despite various treatments including systemic corticosteroid administration, she was often admitted due to severe asthma attacks. Furthermore, she had allergic rhinitis and sinusitis. Computed tomography (CT) scans of sinonasal cavity revealed marked thickness of nasal mucosa and air-fluid level in maxillary sinuses. Although her asthma symptoms such as wheezing and dyspnea were improved by administration of bronchodilator, systemic corticosteroids and beclomethasone diisoccyanate (BDI) accompanied with spa therapy, her peak expiratory flow (PEF) showed no improvement. After readmission due to asthma attacks, clarithromycin (CAM) administration for sinonasal disorders was started. The PEF value showed marked improvement after starting CAM administration, and pulmonary functions and bronchial hyperresponsiveness were also improved. It is suggested from her clinical course that CAM may have beneficial effects in asthmatic patients with sinonasal disorders.
キーワード bronchial asthma allergic rhinitis sinusitis clarithromycin peak expiratory flow (PEF)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 57
終了ページ 62
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308388
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14959
タイトル(別表記) n-3系脂肪酸食の気管支喘息に対する臨床効果:n-6系脂肪酸との比較
フルテキストURL 069_040_048.pdf
著者 岡本 誠| 芦田 耕三| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 柘野 浩史| 原田 誠之| 湯本 英一朗| 高田 真吾| 谷崎 勝朗| 片岡 幹男| 原田 実根|
抄録 N-3 fatty acids, such as fish oil, have been reported to have some beneficial effects in patients with bronchial asthma by suppressing leukocyte function, followed by reduction of the need for pharmacologic agents. To examine the effects of dietary supplementation with perilla seed oil rich in α-linolenic acid (ALA), 23 patients with asthma took corn oil rich in linoleic acid (LA) for the former two weeks, perilla seed oil for the later two weeks. The asthmatic patients were classified into two groups by the changes of the generation of leukotrienes B4 (LTB4), C4 (LTC4), and B5 (LTB5) during the two courses of dietary modification: one was sensitive to dietary modification, and the other was insensitive to dietary supplementation. We compared the two groups in clinical characteristics. Significant differences were observed in peak flow (PEF), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1.0), IgE, sex, obesity index (OI), concentration of serum total cholesterol, albumin, low density lipoprotein {LDL)-cholesterol, β-lipoprotein and phospholipids between two groups. This study indicated that these factors influence the generation of LTB4, C4 and B5 of asthmatic patients in dietary supplementation.
抄録(別表記) 気道への炎症性白血球の集合が気管支喘息の病態に関わっている。魚油などのn-3系脂肪酸が白血球の機能を抑制することにより気管支喘息患者に良好な効果をもたらし,薬剤の必要性を減じたとの報告がなされている。α-リレノン酸を豊富に含有するエゴマ油食の効果を調べるため,気管支喘息患者23名に2コースの食事-リノール酸の豊富なコーン油食を2週間摂取後,エゴマ油食を2週間-を摂取してもらった。喘息患者は2コースの食事間のロイコトリエンB4(LTB4),CA(LTC4),B5(LTB5)の変化から2群-1群は食事に対し感受性のある群,もう1つは感受性の無い群-に分類した。我々はこの2群を臨床的に検討したところ,ピークフロー(PEF),1秒量(FEV10),IgE,性別,肥満率(OⅠ),血清総コレステロール,アルブミン,低比重リポ蛋白(LDL)-コレステロール,β-リポ蛋白,リン脂質において2群間に有意差が認められた。今回の研究から,これらの因子が,喘息患者において,LTB4,LTC4,LTB5の産生に対する食事療法の効果に影響を及ぼしていることが示唆された。
キーワード n-3系脂肪酸 (n-3 fatty acids) エゴマ油 (perilla seed oil) 気管支喘息 (bronchial asthma) LTB4 LTC4
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 40
終了ページ 48
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308199
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14956
タイトル(別表記) MR-angiographyで経過を観察しえた慢性関節リウマチに合併した巨細胞動脈炎の1例
フルテキストURL 069_035_039.pdf
著者 原田 誠之| 光延 文裕| 兒玉 富美子| 保崎 泰弘| 御舩 尚志| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 湯本 英一朗| 高田 真吾| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 We report a patient who developed giant cell (temporal) arteritis during treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The patient was a 57-year-old Japanese woman and had been well controlled with anti-rheumatic drugs, when she presented to our hospital with severe bitemporal headaches and marked fatigue. An exclusive diagnosis was rapidly made and she was diagnosed as having giant cell arteritis based on the classification criteria by American College of Reumatology. Additionally, magnetic resonance (MR) angiography was performed, from which stenotic change in the bilateral superficial temporal arteries was strongly suspected and then corticosteroid therapy was quickly started. The patient followed an uneventful course without developing any complications such as visual dysfunctions. Therapeutic effect was confirmed by MR-angiographic findings obtained 4 weeks after the initiation of therapy.
キーワード 巨細胞動脈炎 (giant cell arteritis) 側頭動脈炎 (temporal arteritis) 慢性関節リウマチ (rheumatoid arthritis) MRアンギオグラフィー (MR-angiography)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 39
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308121
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14954
タイトル(別表記) 肺気腫患者における吸入抗原に対するIgE抗体
フルテキストURL 069_021_027.pdf
著者 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 湯本 英一郎| 高田 真吾| 谷崎 勝朗| 越智 浩二| 原田 英雄| 長谷川 晴巳|
抄録 To analyze the pathophysiological changes ot the airways in emphysema, bronchial responsiveness and the generation of leukotrienes B4 (LTB4) and C4 (LTC4) by peripheral leucocytes were examined in 22 patients with emphysema. The subjects were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of IgE antibodies against inhalant allergens; RAST positive group and RAST negative group. 1. Smoking history, mean CT number and mean maximum % low attenuation area (% LAA) <-950HU of the lung on high resolution computed tomography (HRCT), and DLco value suggested that there were emphysematous changes of the lung in all subjects. However, these findings were not different between the two groups. 2. The level of serum IgE was significantly higher in RAST positive group than in RAST negative group. 3. The mean % increase in FEV1.0 after inhalation of β-agonists was higher in RAST positive group than in RAST negative group. The % increase more than 15% was found in 4 of the 9 subjects (44.4%) in RAST positive group and 2 of the 12 (16.7%) in RAST negative group. 4. The generation of LTC4 by leucocytes was significantly higher in RAST positive group than in RAST negative group (p<0.01). The generation of LTB4 was not significantly different between the two groups. The results suggest that IgE-mediated allergy participates in the bronchial responsiveness of patients with emphysema.
キーワード emphysema bronchial responsiveness FEV1.0 LTB4 LTC4
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308178
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14953
タイトル(別表記) 肺気腫患者におけるロイコトリエンB4,C4産生能と高分解能CTによる平均CT値との関連
フルテキストURL 069_015_020.pdf
著者 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 湯本 英一郎| 高田 真吾| 越智 浩二| 原田 英雄| 長谷川 晴巳|
抄録 The generation of leukotrienes B4 (LTB4) and C4 (LTC4) by peripheral leukocytes stimulated with Ca ionophore A23187 was examined in 17 patients with pulmonary emphysema. They were divided into three groups according to the mean CT number; A (<-940 HU), B (-940 ≦, <-930 HU), and C (-930 HU ≦ ).1. The values of FVC (% predicted), FEV1.0% and DLco (% predicted) showed a tendency to decrease as the mean CT number was smaller. The value of % FVC was significantly lower in patients with group A than in those with group C (p<0.05). 2. The generation of both LTB4 and LTC4 was significantly higher in patients with emphysema compared to the generation in healthy subjects (LTB4;p<0.05, LTC4;P<0.05). 3. The generation of LTB4 and LTC4 in patients with emphysema was higher as the mean CT number was larger (severity of the disease become less). The LTC4 production was significantly higher in patients with group C(mild or moderate type of emphysema) than in those with group A(advanced type of emphysema). These results suggest that the generation of LTB4 and LTC4 is higher in patients with mild or moderate type of emphysema than in those with advanced type of the disease.
キーワード emphysema mean CT number LTB4 LTC4
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 20
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308094
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14951
タイトル(別表記) 気管支喘息における末梢血白血球のロイコトリエンB4およびC4産生能
フルテキストURL 069_009_014.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 湯本 英一郎| 高田 真吾| 越智 浩二| 原田 英雄|
抄録 The generation of leukotrienes B4 (LTB4) and C4 (LTC4) by leucocytes stimulated with Ca ionophore A23187 was examined in 16 patients with asthma (8 with atopic and 8 with nonatopic asthma) and 12 healthy controls. 1. The LT84 generation by leucocytes was not significantly different between patients with asthma and healthy controls. The generation of LTC4 was significantly larger in patients with asthma than in healthy controls. The LTC4 generation was also significantly larger in patients with attacks (58.4 ± 38.5 ng/5x10(6) cells) than in those without attacks (23.3 ± 25.9 ng/5x10(6) cells)(p<0.05). 2.ln atopic asthma, the LTC4 production was significantly larger in patients with attacks (84.7 ± 35.4 ng/5x10(6) cells) compared to the production in those without attacks (40.4 ± 27.2 ng/5x10(6) cells)(p<0.02). However, the production of LTB4 was not significantly different between attack and attack-free stages. 3. In nonatopic asthma, the LTC4 production was also significantly higher in patients with attacks (32.2 ± 26.3 ng/5x10(6) cells) than in those without attacks (12.2 ± 3.5 ng/5x10(6) cells)(p<0.05). However, the LTB4 production was not significantly different between attack and nonattack stages. 4. The LTC4 production was significantly larger in atopic asthmatics compared to the production in nonatopic subjects both in attack and nonattack stages. These results suggest that the generation of LTC4 by leucocytes of patients with asthma is closely related to IgE-mediated reaction and asthma attacks.
キーワード bronchial asthma LTB4 LTC4 IgE-mediated reaction asthma attacks
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 14
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308181
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14950
タイトル(別表記) Clinical significance of spa therapy in the treatmentof patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A study on 511 patients with COPD admitted for last 5 years
フルテキストURL 069_001_008.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 湯本 英一郎| 高田 真吾| 越智 浩二| 原田 英雄|
抄録 1993年1月より1997年12月までの5ヵ年間に当院へ入院した慢性閉塞性呼吸器疾患511例を対象に,疾患の種類,年齢,地域分布などについて検討を加えた。1.最近5年間に当院へ入院した呼吸器疾患患者は594例で,このうち,慢性閉塞性呼吸器疾患患者は511例(86.0%)であった。これらの慢性閉塞性呼吸器疾患のなかでは,気管支喘息が416例(81.4%)と最も多く,その他.慢性気管支炎20例,閉塞性細気管支炎27例,肺気腫48例であった。2.慢性閉塞性呼吸器疾患のなかでは,肺気腫の症例が増加する傾向が見られた。3.慢性閉塞性呼吸器疾患の年齢別検討では,鳥取県内では,70才以上の症例が,また遠隔地(鳥取県外)では60-69才の症例の頻度が高い傾向が見られた。4.入院患者の地域分布では,鳥取県内からの入院患者に比べ,遠隔地(鳥取県外)からの入院患者が比較的多く,その比率は1997年度で48.4%であった。また,その分布別検討では,岡山県,兵庫県,大阪府,広島県,山口県,愛媛県からの入院患者が多い傾向が見られた。
キーワード 慢性閉塞性呼吸器疾患 (COPD) 気管支喘息 (bronchial asthma) 温泉療法 (spa therapy) 高齢患者 (aged patients) 遠隔地 (distant area)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1998-12
69巻
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308114
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14936
タイトル(別表記) 腰椎MRI画像と腰痛の関係
フルテキストURL 070_067_072.pdf
著者 高田 真吾| 湯本 英一朗| 岡本 誠| 柘野 浩史| 原田 誠之| 保崎 泰弘| 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 谷崎 勝朗| 原田 実根|
抄録 The purpose of this study was to examine the potential role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of low back pain (LBP). The study group, 19 patients with low back pain (2 subjects aged 32-39 years and 17 aged 59-78), underwent MRI of the lumbar spine. Disc degeneration at L4/5 was the most common finding (68.4%). Overall in present study, all patients with LBP had abnormalities around the lumbar spine (evidence of disc degeneration, deformity of lumbar spine, disc bulging or protrusion, facet hypertrophy, nerve root compression and so on).
キーワード MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) 腰椎 (Lumbar spine) 椎間板変性 (Disc disease)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 67
終了ページ 72
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308559
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14935
タイトル(別表記) A Case of Recurrent Churg-Strauss Syndrome Associated with Bronchial Asthma
フルテキストURL 070_061_066.pdf
著者 原田 誠之| 柘野 浩史| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 岡本 誠| 高田 真吾| 山本 敏雄| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 入院中にChurg-Strauss症候群の再燃を来した症例を報告した。症例は気管支喘息を有する73歳の女性で,持続する両下肢の知覚障害を主訴に当院に入院した。入院2週頃より微熱,下腹部不快感が続き右下肢のdrop foot,下血を呈した。末梢血では著明な好酸球増多を認め,内視鏡検査で直腸潰瘍を認めた。3年前の両下肢の知覚障害出現時にも同様の症状を経験しており,Churg-Strauss症候群の再燃と診断し,ステロイド治療を開始することにより新たな後遺症を残すことなく寛解に至った。Churg-Strauss症候群の発症・再燃の機序を考える上で貴重な症例と考え,文献的考察を加え報告する。
キーワード Churg-Strauss症候群 (Churg-Strauss syndrome) アレルギー性肉芽腫性血管炎 (allergic granulomatous angiitis) 血管炎症候群 (vasculitis syndrome) 気管支喘息 (bronchial asthma) 好酸球増多 (eosinophilia)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 66
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308532
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14934
タイトル(別表記) 気管支喘息症例における皮質骨海綿化
フルテキストURL 070_053_060.pdf
著者 柘野 浩史| 中井 睦郎| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 高田 真吾| 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 芦田 耕三| 保崎 泰弘| 穐山 恒雄| 辻 孝夫| 谷崎 勝朗|
抄録 In previous studies, we have demonstrated that chronic administration of systemic glucocorticoids decreases cortical bone mineral density (BMD), cortical bone volume, bone strength, and induces development of pathologic fractures in asthmatic patients. We have also demonstrated that glucocorticoid administration appears to be responsible for the process of cortical bone porosity at both endosteal and intracortical sites in postmenopausal asthmatic patients. There is a difference of gonadal hormones between male and female. To investigate the influence of hormonal difference on glucocorticoid-induced cortical bone porosity, we studied cortical bone volume and BMD in both male and female patients with asthma in this report. A total of 99 asthmatic patients (male 26 cases, female 73 cases) were enrolled in the study. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) was used to measure cortical BMD and relative cortical volume. The cortical volume-density relationship appeared to remain constant regardless of the level of systemic glucocorticoid administration, age or sex, suggesting cortical bone porosity causes similar and simultaneous decreases in cortical bone volume and density. In conclusion, glucocorticoid administration appears to be responsible for the process of cortical bone porosity at both endosteal and intracortical sites despite the gonadal hormonal differences.
キーワード bronchial asthma systemic glucocorticoid cortical bone cortical porosity peripheral quantitative computed tomography
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 60
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308477
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14933
タイトル(別表記) 気管支喘息患者における白血球ロイコトリエン産生能に対する不飽和脂肪酸食の効果に影響する因子
フルテキストURL 070_043_052.pdf
著者 岡本 誠| 光延 文裕| 芦田 耕三| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 柘野 浩史| 原田 誠之| 高田 真吾| 谷崎 勝朗| 片岡 幹男| 新谷 憲治| 原田 実根|
抄録 Dietary supplementation with perilla seed oil, a vegetable oil rich in α -lin- olenic acid, inhibits the generation of leukotrienes(LTs) by leucocytes in patients with bronchial asthma. We examined the factors that affect the suppression of LT generation by leucocytes with perilla seed oil-rich supplementation in patients with asthma, by comparing the clinical features of patients with asthma, whose generation of leukotriene (LT) C4 was suppressed by dietary supplementation with perilla seed oil (n-3 fatty acids) (group A), with those of patients who showed no suppression of LTC4 generation (group B). Group A showed a significant increase in the generation of LTB4 and L TC4 by leucocytes after corn oil-rich supplementation (n-6 fatty acids), and a significant decrease in the generation of LTB4 and LTC4 after perilla seed oil-rich supplementation (n-3 fatty acid). However, this was not observed in group B. The level of serum IgE and peak expiratory flow (PEF) in group A were significantly higher than in group B. Furthermore, the serum levels of LDL-cholesterol, β-lipoprotein and phospholipid were significantly lower in group A than in group B. These results suggest that the clinical features differ between these two asthmatic populations with respect to suppression of LTB4 and LTC4 generation by n-3 fatty acids in perilla seed oil-rich supplementation.
キーワード エゴマ油 (perilla seed oil) 気管支喘息 (bronchial asthma) ロイコトリエン (leukotrienes) IgE 脂質代謝 (lipometabolism)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 43
終了ページ 52
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308623
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14927
タイトル(別表記) サーモグラフィーによる体表面温度の測定 3.体表面温度の回復率と末消血流量との相関
フルテキストURL 070_036_042.pdf
著者 保崎 泰弘| 高田 真吾| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 谷崎 勝朗| 越智 浩二| 辻 孝夫|
抄録 The body surface peripheral circulation in 12 cases, including 9 patients with diabetes mellitus who were suffering coldness, numbness or pain in their feet, and 3 healthy volunteers was examined using Laser-Doppler blood flowmetry. At the same time, the body surface temperature was estimated by thermography. Thermographic results were analyzed quantitatively by calculating a recovery ratio as : Recovery ratio = [Total counts of thermography(Pixels) over temperature (T) after cold loading] ÷ [Initial counts over T before cold loading] x 100(%). The recovery ratio and the blood flow were correlated, r=0.68, p<O.01. The peripheral circulation of 16 patients with diabetes mellitus was observed at three different conditions including, l)placed at room temperature at 20℃for 15 min, 2) submerged and warmed for 5 min in a hot bath at 36℃(i.e. hot loading), and 3) submerged and cooled for 5 min in a water bath at 20℃ (i.e. cold loading). Three different baseline temperatures, 26℃, 27℃ and 28 ℃, were used in processing the thermographic results into pictures. The highest correlation (r=0.59, p=0.0002) was obtained under the condition of cold loading using a baseline temperature limitation of27℃.The difference ratio (%) of blood flow was calculated as the blood flow at cold loading divided by the blood flow at hot loading in these 16 patients. The difference ratio of the blood flow and the recovery ratio of thermography were correlated, r=0.46, p<O.OOO1. We found a strong correlation between the results of Laser-Doppler blood flowmetry and one of thermographic methods used to monitor peripheral circulation in patients with diabetes mellitus. Cold loading using a baseline temperature limitation of 27℃ were recommended for further examinations. Patients with low blood flow as well as with large differences in their peripheral circulation between cold loading and hot loading had severe coldness in their body surface temperature. We showed the usefulness of the results of thermography, when quantified by picture processing using computer software, in relation with the results of Laser-Doppler blood flowmetry.
キーワード サーモグラフィー (thermography) レーザードプラー血流計 (Laser-Doppler blood flowmetry) 糖尿病 (diabetes mellitus) 末梢循環 (peripheral circulation) 冷水負荷 (cold loading)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 36
終了ページ 42
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308240
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14926
タイトル(別表記) 気管支喘息症例における気道過敏性と鼻腔・副鼻腔疾患の関係に関する検討
フルテキストURL 070_028_035.pdf
著者 御舩 尚志| 高田 真吾| 岡本 誠| 柘野 浩史| 芦田 耕三| 原田 誠之| 光延 文裕| 保崎 泰弘| 谷崎 勝朗| 原田 実根|
抄録 Pathological changes of nasosinus occur often in subjects with bronchial asthma. Coexisting nasosinus lesion may affect pathophysiology of lower respiratory tract in asthmatics. The extent of nasal and sinus lesion was quantified in 17 patients with bronchial asthma, and their relationships to atopic status, asthma severity and bronchial hyperresponsiveness were evaluated in this study. Opacification degree of maxillary sinuses and nasal mucosa thickening were quantified using CT scans. The opacification degree was evaluated as (total opacification area)/(total maxillary sinus area). Although the opacification degree of maxillary sinuses in atopic patients showed no significant difference compared with that in non-atopic patients, maximum nasal mucosa thickening in atopic patients had a significant difference compared with that in non-atopic patients (p=0.028). In severe asthmatics, the opacification degree of maxillary sinuses was significantly more prominent compared with those in moderate and mild asthmatics (p=0.0005, p=0.036, respectively). Significantly marked nasal mucosa thickening was recognized in mild asthmatics compared with that in moderate asthmatics (p=0.0462). Regarding bronchial hyperresponsiveness, a significant correlation between Dmin and the opacification degree of maxillary sinuses was observed (rs= -0.551, p=0.0276). Nasal mucosa thickening had no correlation with bronchial hyperresponsiveness. The results suggest that sinusitis may affect bronchial hyperresponsiveness and asthma severity. Treatment of sinusitis may lead to improvement of asthma symptoms.
キーワード 気管支喘息 (bronchial asthma) 副鼻腔炎 (sinusitis) CT所見 (CT findings) 気道過敏性 (hyperresponsiveness)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 28
終了ページ 35
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308098
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14922
タイトル(別表記) Ⅰ型アレルギー反応および副腎皮質ホルモンは気管支喘息における末梢血白血球のロイコトリエンB4およびC4産生に影響をおよぼす
フルテキストURL 070_009_016.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 高田 真吾| 越智 浩二| 小出 典男|
抄録 The generation. of leukotrienes 84 (LT84) and C4 (LTC4) by leucocytes stimulated with Ca ionophore A23187 was examined in 71 patients with asthma (42 with atopic and 29 with nonatopic asthma) and 23 healthy controls. Of these patients,22 had SDIA (steroid-dependent intractable asthma). 1. The generation of LT84 and LTC4 by leucocytes was significantly more enhanced in patients with atopic, non-SOIA asthma than in healthy subjects, but not in patients with nonatopic asthma. The generation of LT84 and LTC4 in atopic asthma was significantly more decreased in patients with SOIA than in those with non-SOIA. 2. The LTC4 generation was significantly larger in attack stage than in attack-free stage of patients with atopic and nonatopic asthma when they had not SOIA. However, no significant difference was found in LT84 generation between attack and nonattack stages in these patients. 3. In patients with SOIA, no significant differences were observed in the generation of LT84 and LTC4 between attack and nonattack stages. The results suggest that IgE-mediated allergy and asthma attacks enhance and glucocorticoids inhibit the generation of LT84 and LTC4 by leucocytes.
抄録(別表記) 気管支喘息71例および健康人23名を対象に、Ca ionophore A23187刺激時の末梢血白血球のロイコトリエンB4 (LTB4)およびC4(LTC4)の産生能について検討を加えた。なお、71例中ステロイド依存性重症難治性喘息(SDIA)は22例であった。1.アトピー性、16非SDIA症例におけるLTB4、LTC4産生は、健康人と比べ有意に高い値を示したが、非アトピー性喘息では健康人との間に有意の差は見られなかった。また、アトピー性喘息では、SDIA症例において非SDIA症例に比べ、LTB4、LTC4産生が有意に抑制されていた。2.非SDIA症例では、アトピー性、非アトピー性を問わず、LTC4産生は、非発作時に比べ発作時に有意に亢進した状態であった。しかし、LTB4産生には、非発作時、発作時との間に有意の差は見られなかった。3.SDIA症例では、LTB4、LTC4産生と発作との有意の関連は見られなかった。以上の結果より、IgE にmediateされるアレルギー反応や喘息発作はLTB4、LTC4産生に促進的に、また副腎皮質ホルモンは抑制的に作用することが示唆された。
キーワード bronchial asthma LT84 LTC4 IgE-mediated allergy glucocorticoids
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 16
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308654
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14921
タイトル(別表記) Spa therapy for patients with asthma. A study on 437 patients with asthma admitted for last 5 years.
フルテキストURL 070_001_008.pdf
著者 谷崎 勝朗| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 保崎 泰弘| 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 岡本 誠| 原田 誠之| 高田 真吾| 越智 浩二|
抄録 1994年1月より1998年12月までの5年間に当院へ入院した呼吸器疾患のなかで気管支喘息を対象に,年齢,地域分布などの経年変化について検討を加えた。1.最近5年間に当院へ入院した呼吸器疾患患者は664例で,このうち,気管支喘息は437例(65.8% )であった。呼吸器疾患のなかで気管支喘息に占める割合の経年変化では,1995年度が最も高く(74.4% ),1997,1998年度にはやや低下(ともに60.7% )の傾向が見られた。2.入院患者の地域分布では,鳥取県内からの入院患者に比べ,遠隔地(鳥取県外)からの入院患者が比較的多く,いずれの年度においても50% 以上(平均57.3% )であった。また,岡山,大阪,兵庫,広島,山口,愛媛県などからの入院症例が多い傾向か見られた。3.年齢別検討では,いずれの地域においても,高齢者の入院症例か多く,鳥取県内では70才以上の症例の頻度(平均35.1% )が,また遠隔地(鳥取県外)では60-69才の症例の頻度(平均37.7% )が高い傾向か見られた。
キーワード 気管支喘息 (asthma) 温泉療法 (spa therapy) 高齢患者 (aged patients) 遠隔地 (distant area)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 1999-12
70巻
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308420
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14912
フルテキストURL 071_073_075.pdf
著者 芦田 耕三| 柘野 浩史| 保﨑 泰弘| 光延 文裕| 御舩 尚志| 西田 典数| 岡本 誠| 高田 真吾| 谷崎 勝朗| 辻 孝夫|
抄録 症例は80才,女性。76才時[平成7年11月]より肝機能異常[アルカリフォスファターゼ高値]を認め,肝機能異常出現1年7ケ月後,血清学的検索で原発性胆汁性肝硬変症が疑われたが,無治療にて外来で経過を観察を行った。アルカリフォスファターゼ値は漸増傾向を示し,トランスアミナーゼ値の異常も伴ってきたため,平成12年11月精査目的で入院。組織検査等で無症候性原発性胆汁性肝硬変症[PBC]と診断した。PBCは中年・女性に好発する疾患で,高齢【特に後期高齢者]での発症は極めて稀である。4年間の自然経過も含め,興味深いと考えられたので報告する。
キーワード 原発性胆汁性肝硬変症 (primary biliary cirrhosis) 高齢 (elderly) 自然経過 (natural course)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 2001-02-01
71巻
開始ページ 73
終了ページ 75
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308230
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14911
タイトル(別表記) A case of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)
フルテキストURL 071_068_072.pdf
著者 高田 真吾| 岡本 誠| 柘野 浩史| 原田 誠之| 保﨑 泰弘| 御舩 尚志| 光延 文裕| 谷崎 勝朗| 新谷 憲治| 原田 実根|
抄録 播種性血管内凝固症候群(DIC)を合併した全身性エリテマトーデス(SLE)を経験したので報告する。症例は73歳女性。64歳時慢性関節リウマチ(RA)と診断された。1999年1月食欲低下を訴え当科受診した。血小板減少、FDP高値、PT上昇等よりDIC発症を疑った。膠原病では凝固系の異常を認めるが、本症例では凝固系が完進しDICを来したと考えられた。 本症例はリウマチ因子陽性であったが、朝のこわばり等典型的なRAの所見に乏しく他の膠原病の合併を疑い、腎障害、血小板減少、抗Sm抗体、抗核抗体陽性よりSLEと診断した。
抄録(別表記) A case of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) was described. A 73-year-old female was diagnosed as having rheumatoid arthritis when she was 64 years old. In Jan, 1999, the patient was admitted to our hospital with the complaint of loss of appetite. She was suspected of DIC because of thrombocytopenia, increased fibrin degradation product and prolonged prothrombin test. Abnormality in coagulation system is recognized in collagen disease. In this case coagulation system was activated and DIC occurred. In this case rheumatoid factor was positive. But she was suspected of complicating other collagen disease because she was poor in typical characteristics of rheumatoid arthritis, such as morning stiffness. SLE was diagnosed on the basis of renal injury, thrombocytopenia, positive anti-Sm antibody and positive antinuclaer antibody in this case.
キーワード 慢性関節リウマチ (Rheumatoid arthritis) 全身性エリテマトーデス (Systemic lupus erythematosus) 播種性血管内凝固症候群 (Disseminated intravascular coagulation syndrome)
出版物タイトル 岡大三朝分院研究報告
発行日 2001-02-01
71巻
開始ページ 68
終了ページ 72
ISSN 0918-7839
言語 Japanese
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308643