Author Harada, Daijiro| Takigawa, Nagio| Ochi, Nobuaki| Ninomiya, Takashi| Yasugi, Masayuki| Kubo, Toshio| Takeda, Hiromasa| Ichihara, Eiki| Ohashi, Kadoaki| Takata, Saburo| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Published Date 2012-10
Publication Title Cancer Science
Volume volume103
Issue issue10
Content Type Journal Article
Author Kubo, Toshio| Takigawa, Nagio| Osawa, Masahiro| Harada, Daijiro| Ninomiya, Takashi| Ochi, Nobuaki| Ichihara, Eiki| Yamane, Hiromichi| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Published Date 2013-01
Publication Title Cancer Science
Volume volume104
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
Author Rai, Kammei| Takigawa, Nagio| Ito, Sachio| Kashihara, Hiromi| Ichihara, Eiki| Yasuda, Tatsuji| Shimizu, Kenji| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Published Date 2011-09
Publication Title Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Volume volume10
Issue issue9
Content Type Journal Article
Author Kiura, Katsuyuki| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Published Date 2013-04-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume125
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
Author Rai, Kammei| Takigawa, Nagio| Ito, Sachio| Kashihara, Hiromi| Ichihara, Eiki| Yasuda, Tatsuji| Shimizu, Kenji| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Published Date 2012-12-03
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume124
Issue issue3
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48564
FullText URL 66_3_245.pdf
Author Okada, Toshiaki| Takigawa, Nagio| Kishino, Daizo| Katayama, Hideki| Kuyama, Shouichi| Sato, Ken| Mimoto, Junko| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Abstract Cisplatin is used to treat lung cancer;however, it is also a known carcinogen. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors have been shown to prevent carcinogen-induced experimental tumors. We investigated the effect of a COX-2 inhibitor, celecoxib, on cisplatin-induced lung tumors. One hundred twenty 4-week-old A/J mice were divided into 6 groups:group 1, no treatment;group 2, low-dose celecoxib (150mg/kg);group 3, high-dose celecoxib (1,500mg/kg);group 4, cisplatin alone;group 5, cisplatin plus low-dose celecoxib;and group 6, cisplatin plus high-dose celecoxib. Mice in groups 4-6 were administered cisplatin (1.62mg/kg, i.p.) once a week for 10 weeks between 7 and 16 weeks of age. All mice were sacrificed at week 30. Tumor incidence was 15.8% in group 1, 25% in group 2, 26.3% in group 3, 60% in group 4, 50% in group 5, and 50% in group 6. Tumor multiplicity was 0.2, 0.3, 0.3, 1.3, 1.0, and 0.6 in groups 1-6, respectively. Tumor multiplicity in the cisplatin-treated mice was reduced by celecoxib treatment in a dose-dependent manner (p<0.05, group 4 vs. group 6). Celecoxib significantly reduced COX-2 expression in cisplatin-induced tumors (p<0.01, group 4 vs. group 6).
Keywords cisplatin non-small cell lung cancer celecoxib cyclooxygenase-2 chemoprevention
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 245
End Page 251
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22729105
Web of Science KeyUT 000305669700008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/47260
FullText URL 65_6_353.pdf
Author Ichihara, Eiki| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract Angiogenesis is an essential process in tumor growth. The concept of angiogenesis, when proposed by Folksman in 1971, had a great impact on cancer research and therapy, as the survival and proliferation of cancer depend on angiogenesis, which could be a target of cancer therapy. In subsequent decades, numerous antiangiogenic agents were developed, and some of them have been applied clinically. However, angiogenesis includes a complex and multistep process that has not been sufficiently elucidated. In this review, we focus on signaling pathways related with tumor angiogenesis and several antiangiogenic agents approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration or under investigation.
Keywords angiogenesis cancer
Amo Type Review
Published Date 2011-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 353
End Page 362
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22189475
Web of Science KeyUT 000298516900001
Author Taniguchi, Akihiko| Miyahara, Nobuaki| Nakahara, Atsushi| Takata, Saburo| Sakugawa, Ryo| Nagano, Osamu| Tanimoto, Yasushi| Kanehiro, Arihiko| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Ujike, Yoshito| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Published Date 2011-12-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume123
Issue issue3
Content Type Journal Article
Author Nogami, Naoyuki| Hotta, Katsuyuki| Kuyama, Shoichi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Takigawa, Nagio| Chikamori, Kenichi| Shibayama, Takuo| Kishino, Daizo| Hosokawa, Shinobu| Tamaoki, Akihiko| Harita, Shingo| Tabata, Masahiro| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Shinkai, Tetsu| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Published Date 2011-10
Publication Title Lung Cancer
Volume volume74
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/46851
FullText URL 65_4_259.pdf
Author Ogata, Yoshiko| Aoe, Keisuke| Hiraki, Akio| Murakami, Kazuo| Kishino, Daizo| Chikamori, Kenichi| Maeda, Tadashi| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of the determination of adenosine deaminase (ADA) level in pleural fluid for the differential diagnosis between tuberculous pleural effusion (TPE) and malignant pleural effusion (MPE) in Japan, a country with intermediate incidence of tuberculosis (TB). We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 435 patients with pleural effusion and investigated their pleural ADA levels as determined by an auto analyzer. ROC analysis was also performed. The study included patients with MPE (n=188), TPE (n=124), benign nontuberculous pleural effusion (n=94), and pleural effusion of unknown etiology (n=29). The median ADA level in the TPE group was 70.8U/L, which was significantly higher than that in any other groups (p<0.05). The area under the curve (AUC) in ROC analysis was 0.895. With a cut-off level for ADA of 36U/L, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 85.5%, 86.5%, 69.7%, and 93.6%, respectively. As many as 9% of patients with lung cancer and 15% of those with mesothelioma were false-positive with this ADA cutoff setting. Although the ADA activity in pleural fluid can help in the diagnosis of TPE, it should be noted that some cases of lung cancer or mesothelioma show high ADA activity in geographical regions with intermediate incidence of TB, in contrast to high prevalence areas.
Keywords pleural effusion adenosine deaminase tuberculosis lung cancer mesothelioma
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 259
End Page 263
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 21860532
Web of Science KeyUT 000294236700006
Author Ichihara, Eiki| Ohashi, Kadoaki| Takigawa, Nagio| Osawa, Masahiro| Ogino, Atsuko| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Kiura, Katsuyuki|
Published Date 2011-04-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume123
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/40503
FullText URL 64_5_285.pdf
Author Nishimori, Hisakazu| Takahashi, Shunji| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Ennishi, Daisuke| Kobayashi, Takayuki| Sano, Koji| Shinozaki, Eiji| Yokoyama, Masahiro| Mishima, Yuko| Terui, Yasuhito| Chin, Keisho| Mizunuma, Nobuyuki| Ito, Yoshinori| Nishimura, Seiichiro| Takeuchi, Kengo| Ishikawa, Yuichi| Oguchi, Masahiko| Tanimoto, Mitsune| Hatake, Kiyohiko|
Abstract We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of cisplatin/docetaxel (CDDP/TXT) chemotherapy and identified prognostic factors in Japanese patients with cancer of unknown primary site (CUP). Twenty-eight consecutive patients seen at a single institute were reviewed retrospectively. Sixteen patients were treated with TXT 80mg/m2, followed by CDDP 75mg/m2. The overall response rate to CDDP/TXT treatment was 62.5%, with a median survival time (MST) of 22.7 months. Common adverse reactions were myelosuppression and hyponatremia. The MST of all 28 patients with CUP was 8.3 months, and the 1-year overall survival rate was 45.6%. Univariate analysis identified 5 prognostic factors:performance status, liver involvement, bone involvement, pleural involvement, and lymph node involvement. In conclusion, CDDP/TXT chemotherapy is effective with tolerable toxicity in patients with CUP. Japanese patients with CUP might be chemosensitive and may survive longer.
Keywords cancer of unknown primary site (CUP) cisplatin docetaxel prognosis
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2010-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume64
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 285
End Page 291
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2010 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20975761
Web of Science KeyUT 000283563300003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32866
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Fujimoto, Nobukazu| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Takigawa, Nagio| Fujiwara, Yoshiro| Toyooka, Shinichi| Umemura, Shigeki| Tabata, Masahiro| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract <p>We examined the feasibility of triplet chemotherapy using cisplatin, docetaxel, and irinotecan for patients with recurrent or refractory non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), retrospectively. Twenty-five patients (21 men and 4 women) with NSCLC and good performance status who were &#60;70 years old were analyzed. The median age was 58 years. Most patients had performance status 1 (16/25), stage IV disease (18/25) and adenocarcinoma-histology (16/25). Cisplatin and docetaxel were given on day 1 and irinotecan on day 2;the cycle was repeated every 3 weeks. The objective response rate was 39.1% (95% confidence interval:18.7-59.5%). The median survival time and actual 2-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates were 14.3 months, 32%, 20%, and 8%, respectively. Of note, only 6 patients were treated with gefitinib at the recurrence after triplet chemotherapy;of these, 4 (67%) achieved a partial response, which might result in favorable survival. Grade 3/4 toxicities consisted of neutropenia (100%), neutropenic fever (56%), nausea/vomiting (40%), and diarrhea (16%);no cases of treatment-related death occurred. Triplet chemotherapy showed impressive survival data in our clinical trial, but proved too toxic for use in treating patients with NSCLC in the clinical practice.</p>
Keywords cisplatin docetaxel irinotecan triplet chemotherapy gefitinib
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2010-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume64
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 33
End Page 37
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20200582
Web of Science KeyUT 000274868300005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32669
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Takigawa, Nagio| Ohnoshi, Taisuke| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract <p>An etoposide-resistant subline, SBC-3/ETP, from a human small cell lung cancer cell line, SBC-3, was developed by continuous exposure to increasing concentrations of etoposide in culture. The SBC-3/ETP was 52.1-fold more resistant to etoposide than the parent cell line. The SBC-3/ETP was highly cross-resistant to teniposide, adriamycin, vinca alkaloids, 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide, CPT-11 and mitomycin C, and marginally cross-resistant to cisplatin, while the subline showed a collateral sensitivity to bleomycin. Topoisomerase I activity in the SBC-3/ETP was reduced to an extent of one half and topoisomerase II activity to an extent of one eighth in comparison with those of the SBC-3. Intracellular accumulation of [3H]-etoposide in the SBC-3/ETP was significantly lower in comparison to the SBC-3. An overexpression of MDR1 mRNA, and the presence of its product, P-glycoprotein, were detected in the SBC-3/ETP by Northern blotting and flowcytometry using a monoclonal antibody of the protein, MRK16. These results indicate that a decreased activity of topoisomerase II is the major factor for the development of etoposide resistance, and that an overexpression of the MDR1 gene is responsible, in part, for the development of resistance to the drug and some structurally unrelated compounds such as adriamycin and vinca alkaloids.</p>
Keywords small cell lung cancer etoposide-resistant cell line P-glycoprotein topoisomerase
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1992-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume46
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 203
End Page 212
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 1354408
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JB50400009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32631
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Takigawa, Nagio| Ohnoshi, Taisuke| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract <p>In an attempt to predict the clinical activity of newly developed anthracycline analogues, ME2303, KRN8602, and SM5887 in the treatment of lung cancer, we compared antitumor activity of these drugs with that of adriamycin, using six human lung cancer cell lines and two drug-resistant human lung cancer sublines. Taking the pharmacokinetic data into consideration, we evaluated the relative antitumor activity: the ratio of area under the concentration-time curve of each drug to the 50% inhibitory concentration of the drug. Regarding this ratio, ME2303 was more potent than adriamycin, SM5887, and KRN8602. Cross-resistance of the new analogues to adriamycin was investigated using an adriamycin-resistant small cell lung cancer subline, SBC-3/ADM100 and an etoposide-resistant subline, SBC-3/ETP. SBC-3/ADM100 being 106-fold more resistant to adriamycin than the parent SBC-3 showed less resistance to the analogues: 1.80-fold to KRN8602, 3.80-fold to SM5887, and 8.60-fold to ME2303. SBC-3/ETP which was 52.1-fold more resistant to etoposide and 39.5-fold more resistant to adriamycin were also less resistant to the new analogues: 3.27-fold to KRN8602, 9.07-fold to SM5887, and 17.3-fold to ME2303. In conclusion, ME2303 was found to be the most potent agent among drugs tested for the treatment of lung cancer, and KRN8602 can be expected to be beneficial for the treatment of drug-resistant small cell lung cancer.</p>
Keywords new anthracycline analogues ME2303 KRN8602 SM5887 lung cancer cell line
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1992-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume46
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 249
End Page 256
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 1442149
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JL44200004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32200
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ohnoshi, Taisuke| Hiraki, Shunkichi| Ueda, Nobuo| Fujii, Masafumi| Machida, Ken-ichi| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kawahara, Shin| Kozuka, Akira| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Moritaka, Tomonori| Kodani, Tsuyoshi| Kamei, Haruhito| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract <p>Twenty-seven previously untreated patients with unresectable non-small cell lung cancer were treated with a 3-drug combination of ifosfamide, cisplatin, and vindesine as a phase II study. Patients received ifosfamide, 1.3g/m2, on days 1 to 5; cisplatin, 20mg/m2, on days 1 to 5; and vindesine, 3mg/m2, on days 1 and 8; with a sufficient parenteral hydration. Courses were repeated every 4 weeks. Twenty males and seven females with a median age of 61 years were treated and fully evaluated. Five patients had stage IIIA, seven had stage IIIB, and 15 had stage IV disease. One patient with adenocarcinoma achieved a complete response and 16 achieved a partial response, for an overall response rate of 63% (95% confidence limit: 45% to 81%). The median duration of response was 34 weeks (range: 9 to 52 weeks). The median survival time was 58 weeks for patients with IIIA/B disease, and 33 weeks for those with IV disease. The major toxicity was myelosuppression, however, it was generally well-tolerated. These results indicate that the 3-drug combination is active against non-small cell lung cancer and warrants further clinical trials.</p>
Keywords non-small cell lung cancer ifosfamide cisplatin vindesine
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1991-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume45
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 357
End Page 361
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 1661559
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GN53800010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31714
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Kawada, Kazuhiko| Yonei, Toshiro| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Tabata, Masahiro| Takigawa, Nagio| Harada, Mine| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract <p>When the development of chemotherapeutic agents reaches the clinical trial stage, it is necessary to perform drug sensitivity tests quickly in order to select the most promising agents for the treatment of cancer. In order to assess the possibility of using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay as a substitute for the human tumor clonogenic assay (HTCA), we evaluated the correlation between the results obtained by these 2 assays in 5 human lung cancer cell lines. The correlation coefficient between the results of the HTCA and the MTT assay was 0.673, indicating a relatively good correlation. The correlation was most prominent in platinum analogues (r = 0.939) and good in anthracyclines/anthracenedione (r = 0.611). However, no significant correlation was observed in vinca alkaloids, etoposide, irinotecan, SN-38 (an active metabolite of irinotecan), and rhizoxin. The results of the MTT assay showed a high degree of correlation with those of the HTCA in predicting the sensitivity of cancer cell lines to platinum analogues, and anthracyclines/anthracenedione. These results suggest that the MTT assay may be more convenient and quickly performed than the HTCA and can replace HTCA in evaluating the effects of anticancer agents, especially the platinum analogues and anthracyclines/anthracenedione.</p>
Keywords chemosensitivity test 3-(4 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2 5-diphenyltertrazolium bromide (MTT) assay clonogenic assay
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 129
End Page 134
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12108583
Web of Science KeyUT 000176521200002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31705
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Takata, Ichiro| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Tabata, Masahiro| Takigawa, Nagio| Katayama, Hideki| Takemoto, Mitsuhiro| Hiraki, Yoshio| Harada, Mine| Tanimoto, Mitsune|
Abstract <p>A pilot study was conducted to assess the efficacy and feasibility of daily low-dose cisplatin with concurrent thoracic irradiation for clinically unresectable non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Patients with inoperable NSCLC who had poor risk factors such as advanced age, poor performance status, poor lung function, or concomitant active malignancy were entered into the study. Low-dose cisplatin (6 mg/m2) was administered daily before concurrent thoracic irradiation (2 Gy/day; total dose of 60 Gy) was given. Twenty-five patients were registered. The majority of the patients had either stage IIIA (24.0%) or stage IIIB (60.0%) disease. Fifteen patients (60.0%) completed the planned treatment. Both chemotherapy and radiotherapy were stopped in 3 patients (12.0%) due to poor response, and 7 patients (28.0%) partly received radiotherapy alone as a result of their toxicity response. The proportion of total administered dose to planned dose was 90.9% for chemotherapy and 99.3% for radiotherapy, which were comparable to those in previous studies for LA-NSCLC patients without poor risk factors. Grade 3 leukopenia and neutropenia developed in 14 patients (56.0%) and 10 patients (40.0%), respectively, but grade 4 toxicity was not encountered. Grade 3 pneumonitis and esophagitis were observed in 4 patients (16.0%) and 2 patients (8.0%), respectively. The overall response rate was 60.0%. The median survival time was 22 months, and the 2-year survival rate was 50.3%. Daily low-dose cisplatin and concurrent thoracic irradiation were well tolerated even by poor-risk patients with NSCLC, and showed a therapeutic efficacy similar to that for good-risk patients.</p>
Keywords non-small-cell lung cancer concurrent chemoradiotherapy low-dose cisplatin poor-risk factor
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2002-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume56
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 261
End Page 266
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 12530510
Web of Science KeyUT 000178668100007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31626
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Matsushita, Akio| Tabata, Masahiro| Ueoka, Hiroshi| Kiura, Katsuyuki| Shibayama, Takuo| Aoe, Keisuke| Kohara, Hiroyuki| Harada, Mine|
Abstract <p>We established a drug sensitivity panel consisting of 24 human lung cancer cell lines. Using this panel, we evaluated 26 anti-cancer agents: three alkylators, three platinum compounds, four antimetabolites, one topoisomerase I inhibitor, five topoisomerase II inhibitors, seven antimitotic agents and three tyrosine kinase inhibitors. This panel showed the following: a) Drug sensitivity patterns reflected their clinically-established patterns of action. For example, doxorubicin and etoposide were shown to be active against small cell lung cancer cell lines and mitomycin-C and 5-fluorouracil were active against non-small cell lung cancer cell lines, in agreement with clinical data. b) Correlation analysis of the mean graphs derived from the logarithm of IC50 values of the drugs gave insight into the mechanism of each drug's action. Thus, two drug combinations with reverse or no correlation, such as the combination of cisplatin and vinorelbine, might be good candidates for the ideal two drug combination in the treatment of lung cancer, as is being confirmed in clinical trials. c) Using cluster analysis of the cell lines in the panel with their drug sensitivity patterns, we could classify the cell lines into four groups depending on the drug sensitivity similarity. This classification will be useful to elucidate the cellular mechanism of action and drug resistance. Thus, our drug sensitivity panel will be helpful to explore new drugs or to develop a new combination of anti-cancer agents for the treatment of lung cancer.</p>
Keywords drug screening system MTT assay lung cancer cell line drug resistance
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1999-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume53
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 67
End Page 75
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
Web of Science KeyUT 000080058700002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31598
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Kiura, Katsuyuki| Ohnoshi, Taisuke| Tabata, Masahiro| Shibayama, Takuo| Kimura, Ikuro|
Abstract A subline highly resistant to Adriamycin (SBC-3/ADM100) was isolated in vitro from the human small cell lung cancer cell line, SBC-3, by culturing in progressively higher concentrations of Adriamycin. The SBC-3/ADM100 cells were 106-fold more resistant to the drug than the parent cells in an inhibitory concentration of 50% determined by the MTT assay. The population-doubling time was much longer in SBC-3/ADM100 than in the parent cells. Northern blot hybridization revealed marked overexpression of the MDR1 mRNA in the resistant cells. P-glycoprotein overexpression and a decrease in intracellular accumulation of Adriamycin were demonstrated in SBC-3/ADM100, indicating that outward drug transport was the major mechanism of resistance in this subline. Additionally, a significant elevation of the intracellular glutathione content coupled with the glutathione S-transferase (GST) pi level and a decrease in DNA topoisomerase II (Topo II) activity were noted in this resistant subline. These results indicate that the mechanism of resistance to Adriamycin is multifactorial; involving altered growth characteristics, an enhanced outward transport, enhanced drug detoxification process, and decreased target enzyme activity. The resistant subline will serve as a useful tool in the search for ways to overcome drug resistance.
Keywords Adriamycin-resistant cell line MDR1 mRNA glutathione glutathione S-transferasse π DNA topoisomerase II
Amo Type Article
Published Date 1993-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume47
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 191
End Page 197
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 1999 Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 8104372
Web of Science KeyUT A1993LL12400008
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/6296