Interdisciplinary Science
Published by Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering in Health Systems

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issue1 (2021-03-31)

パンデミックへの備えとしての医療資材の循環備蓄:モデル化とシミュレーション

Morita, Mizuki Graduate School of Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering in Health Systems, Okayama University
Abstract
When a global pandemic of infectious diseases occurs, demand for medical supplies such as masks, disinfectants, and personal protective equipment will exceed the production capacity in normal times, consequently leading to serious shortages. Stockpiling is necessary to prepare for such situations. However, because pandemics are infrequent and might occur at any time, stockpile freshness is an important concern. As described in this paper, a “rolling stockpile” of medical supplies is proposed to prevent the medical supply stockpile from becoming too old. A formulation of a model and simulations based on it is presented. Results demonstrate that the method is applicable to the design of warehouses for rolling stockpiles, monitoring stockpile depletion during emergencies, and monitoring the process of recovery from emergencies.
Keywords
感染症と備蓄
ローリングストック
備蓄倉庫の設計
緊急時の備蓄量の計算
Note
研究ノート(Research Note)
ISSN
2436-3227
NAID