JaLCDOI 10.18926/19962
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_73.pdf
著者 Imanaka, Hiroyuki| Tanaka, Soukichi| Feng, Bin| Imamura, Koreyoshi| Nakanishi, Kazuhiro|
抄録 We used modified Czapek-Dox (mCD) or dextrin-peptone-yeast extract (DPY) media to cultivate a filamentous fungus, Aspergillus oryzae IAM 2706 by three different cultivation methods, i.e., shaking-flask culture (SFC), agar-plate culture (APC), and membrane-surface liquid culture (MSLC), to identify the differences in cultivation behaviors and gene transcriptional profiles. The fungi cultivated by APC or MSLC secreted a greater number of different proteins/enzymes in larger quantities compared with fungi cultivated by SFC, particularly when DPY medium was used. In particular, the amounts of protease secreted by fungi cultivated via MSLC or APC were much greater compared with SFC. When mCD medium was used, α-amylase activity was barely detectable in all cultures while the activity was detected in MSLC and APC in a quantity that was several times higher than that in SFC using DPY medium. SDS-PAGE analysis and N-terminal amino acid sequences confirmed 6 proteins in the culture supernatants when DPY medium was used. Among these proteins oryzin (an alkaline protease) and α-amylase were detected at much higher levels in APC and MSLC compared with SFC, which was consistent with the measured activity of the secreted enzymes. However, when mCD medium was used, only oryzin was detected in significant amounts in MSLC and APC. Microarray analyses of the fungi cultivated by SFC, APC or MSLC using either mCD or DPY media indicated that the gene transcriptional profile of the MSLC sample was similar to that of the APC sample but different from that of the SFC sample. When mCD medium was used, most of the genes that were up-regulated 10-folds or greater in the MSLC sample relative to the SFC sample were unknown or predicted proteins. Transcription of the oryzin gene was only slightly up-regulated in the MSLC sample while transcription of the α-amylase gene was slightly down-regulated. On the other hand, when DPY medium was used, many known genes including the oryzin gene were up-regulated in the MSLC sample versus the SFC sample.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2010-01
44巻
開始ページ 73
終了ページ 83
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309053
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15480
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_25_1_1.pdf
著者 Gao Hong| 和田 力| 則次 俊郎|
抄録 How to reduce and simplify the calculation for image recognition is a very attractive and important issue in order to realize the real time control of a robot based on the image recognition results. This paper describes a method of extracting 2 - dimensional geometrical features of cubic objects based on the normal vector distributions from the visual information obtained with the laser range finder to reduce the calculation of the image recognition. In this research a laser beam is scanned in the horizontal plane to which the cubic objects stand vertically and the laser spot is detected with a TV camera every sampling time. These spots make an intermittent locus which includes some special lines corresponding to the cubic objects. To extract the features of the cubic objects, we utilize the normal vectors formed on the locus. If some normal vectors distribute in the same direction and the origin of the normal vectors are very close to their neighbor's, these normal vectors can be classified into the same class, -the straight line class. Because the normal vectors on the neighbor surfaces of the cubic objects are vertical to each other, we use this property to determine the pair of straight lines which belong to the cubic objects. Making the histogram based on the normal vectors with the same direction, we obtain the peaks which are supported by the points on the cubic object surfaces. Then, the points can be extracted from the set of points on the whole locus inversely according to the relations with the peaks and the features of the cubic object can be extracted by applying method of least square to these extracted points. The experiments proved the availability of the proposed processing algorithm.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1990-12-14
25巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 13
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15369
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_30_1_19.pdf
著者 中村 隆夫| 山本 尚武|
抄録 This paper describes a new measurement method and principle of detection of biodynamics using bioelectrical impedance method based on four-electrode technique with sinusoidal constant current. This method uses a human body itself as a part of the sensor. First, we show a bioelectrical impedance measuring device and the change of bioelectrical resistance is measured in human movement. Second, we proposes a principle of detection of biodynamics based on correspondence of magnitude, form and stability of movement to impedance waveform. Hence we can use this method for the judgement of sports skill using the impedance characteristics.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-12-28
30巻
1号
開始ページ 19
終了ページ 24
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307151
JaLCDOI 10.18926/47023
フルテキストURL mfe_36_2_015_042.pdf
著者 Ohtani, Ryuji| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
抄録 In this paper, we studied a planning and scheduling of production system considering demand changes. In the proposed system, planning part determines lot-size and amount of jobs in production. On the other hand, scheduling part determines the production sequence of jobs. In order to treat with the demand changes, both planning and scheduling should work well simultaneously. In the proposed system, preset and real time production control system is newly constructed from the view point of adaptive control. In the system, production planning is modified when the difference between production amount and demand becomes large. Moreover, production schedule is regenerated when the determined schedule is deviated from the prospected one. The scheduling system is characterized as the autonomous decentralized optimization system where each job works as agent and agent searches its appropriate starting time of processing. The effectiveness of the proposed system is confirmed by numerical examples.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2002-03
36巻
2号
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 42
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80015471209
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46998
フルテキストURL mfe_36_1_029_039.pdf
著者 Imai, Jun| Wada, Kiyoshi|
抄録 A procedure for control-oriented modeling is proposed for large flexible structures with unknown modal parameters. Techniques on quantification of errors in modal truncated nominal models are developed for the case where a finite number of upper and lower bounds of the unknown modal parameters are given. A feasible set of systems matching the conditions is introduced, and then error bounds covering the feasible set are established in the frequency domain. The bounds are easily checked using linear programming for any user-specified frequency. The feasibility of the proposed scheme is illustrated by numerical study on an ideal flexible beam example.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-12
36巻
1号
開始ページ 29
終了ページ 39
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80012887118
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46978
フルテキストURL mfe_37_2_029_044.pdf
著者 Imajo, Shuya| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
抄録 In hot strip rolling mills, the looper control system is automated. However, the looper's behavior tends to be unstable in threading. Therefore, human expert always intervenes and stabilizes the looper's behavior by tuning PID gains and interposing manipulation variable of looper control system. In this paper, we propose a method based on the recurrent neural network to express PID gains tuning action by human. Furthermore, we propose two methods to update the model by learning. To check the effectiveness of the proposed learning methods, numerical simulation applied to the looper height control is carried out.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2003-03
37巻
2号
開始ページ 29
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016037880
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46977
フルテキストURL mfe_37_2_013_027.pdf
著者 Shibuta, Taizo| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
抄録 Nowadays, various kind of reactor furnaces are widely used for the production in industry. The raw materials charged into the furnace generate reaction heat produced by blowing gas. Generally speaking, the reaction heat generated in the furnace is remarkably high. Therefore the occurrence of an inappropriate temperature distribution in the furnace may make damege or serious accident of the furnace. This is the motivation of furnace control. The author is considering the application of studied results to the furnace control of Blast Furnace in steel industry. To the propose, the approximated and simplified Macro Model of the Blast Furnace is constructed which has the function of representation of qualitative characteristics of the furnace in dynamical sense. The furnace temperature, distribution greatly effects both on the producting and the product quality of the furnace. Needless to say, stable furnace operation is indispensable for the economical prosperity of the industry. In this paper, macro simulation of the furnace is developed to support the analysis and design of the furnace control. Using the simulator, the stability and the control characteristics for inner furnace temperature distribtion are analised quantitatively.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2003-03
37巻
2号
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80015999991
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46967
フルテキストURL mfe_37_1_001_010.pdf
著者 Sotobayashi, Ken| Konishi, Masami| Nishi, Tatsushi| Imai, Jun|
抄録 Auto Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are widely used in a semi-conductor fabricating factory and contribute to the stable production of a high quality semi-conductor products. In the near future, further expansion of the transportation system is expected accompanied with the rapid growth of semi-conductor industries. In such situation, the necessity of performing quick planning of transportation route and transportation control will be elevated. In this paper, practicable planning of the transportation route and transportation control are studied based on the decentralized agent method. Especially, the geometrical sizes of AGVs are considered in the determination of transportation routes and control strategy avoiding the occurrence of mutual collisions or deadlock of AGVs.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2002-11
37巻
1号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 10
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120003457322
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46948
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_015_027.pdf
著者 Torigoe, Takashi| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
抄録 In these days, mechanical systems are becoming more complex and highly automated. So, there exist wide variety of demands for reliable diagnostic technology. A reliable data analysis and quantitative diagnosis method of mechanical system is necessary for the purpose. In this paper a quantitative diagnosis method for looper height control system has been developed based on neural network technologies. The wavelet transformation is used for pre-processing to analyze characteristics of looper height control system. And, self organizing map neural network is used for the purpose of classification based on the pre-processed data. After that, the classified results are used for quantitative diagnosis in hierarchical neural network.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 15
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016785934
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46947
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_005_014.pdf
著者 Ishimaru, Kazuhito| Konishi, Masami| Imai, Jun| Nishi, Tatsushi|
抄録 Temperature distribution in the reactor furnace is mainly operated by gas blowing from multiple tuyeres and material charge distribution. The objective of our research is obtain the optimal profile of gas flow to control temperature distribution in the reactor furnace in the shortest possible time. We formulated the optimization problem to reduce deviation of temperature distribution from its desired one in the reactor furnace. Based on the formulation, gas blow conditions are optimized by a sequential quadratic programming method to realize the desired temperature distribution. The validity of the method was checked through numerical experiments.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 5
終了ページ 14
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016785933
JaLCDOI 10.18926/44495
フルテキストURL mfe_045_001_014.pdf
著者 Akiyoshi, Tatsuro| Imai, Jun| Konishi, Masami|
抄録 This paper presents a method of the controller design for the handling machine by using dsPIC(Digital Signal Processor + Peripheral Interface Controller). Recently, many manufacturing robots are operated in manufacturing facilities, with the aim of labor, cost saving, and improvement of the productivity. Such robots need to have positioning performance of high precision and simultaneously to save cost. In this paper, a digital optimal servo controller is designed, and it is implemented into our barebones controller which involves dsPIC. We have designed and manufactured the controller which is added suitable peripherals to improve the consistency between the mechanical machine operating in continuous time and controller in discrete time. The significance of this research is that digital implementation of the embedded system which has performance-limitation has ensured a comparable result, against the one with PC which has broad utility. When it is used as a controller, it is possible to restrain product prices greatly equivalent PC precision. We demonstrate potential that good control can be achieved even with low cost. Our research has lead to the viability of lower cost and higher performance system for the production process at factories.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2011-01
45巻
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 14
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright © by the authors
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002905951
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17844
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_75.pdf
著者 大江 啓太| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 As is well known, an advanced knowledge and know-how are needed in the design and the diagnosis work. Further, human experts can cope with the recent trend of customers needs. Therefore, the design and the diagnosis work have been privately performed in the past, and its information cannot be shared. In addition, the number of experts is decreasing. It is a very important problem to maintain and to extend experts technologies having been built up. For the purpose, methods and systems for technical inheritance of the advanced techniques of the skilled engineers are needed to train the unskilled operators and also can assist skilled operators. In this research, attention is focused on the design of analog filter circuit. To attain the target, the circuit structural classifier system to support design work is developed. Furthermore, simulation technology for hot strip rolling mills based on distributed agents is presented aimed to develop tools for the diagnosis of hot strip rolling mills operation.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 92
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308900
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17841
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_55.pdf
著者 井上 真一郎| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In this research, an image processing method and a system for inspection support of a rod figured cutting tool are developed. As is well known, the visual inspection of a cutting tool by image processing is not easy, because cutting blade have a helical blade structure. To cope with the problem, an experimental facility with rotation and longitudinal tool shift functions to enable acquisition of blade surface pictures along a cutting rod is developed. The type of the defect treated in this paper is the spot of coating on blade surface. To judge the quality of the processed image of blade surface, neural network with autonomous learning is used. The processed image of cutting tool is divided into 64 × 64 blocks used for the input to the neural networks. Before input, each block data is preprocessed applying a edge detection filter and a transformation by the discrete fourier transform (DFT). Using these technologies, the experimental inspection system is built and tested to check the capabilities of the inspection algorithms. The diagnostic performance of the surface defect of a cutting tool was confirmed. There remained a problem to mis judge the normal tools as the defect.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 55
終了ページ 60
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308973
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17839
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_49.pdf
著者 赤松 慎也| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In this paper, the controlled target is the SCARA robot with two links, and the object is fine control of the arm head position of the robot. To attain the object, Internal Model Control (IMC) is introduced. A nonlinear equations are for robot dynamics formulated by solving Lagrange equation, and is linearized to design control system by IMC. The controller of IMC is designed or synthesisted as the inverse system of the linearized model, and IMC filter model is selected. Also, reference filter is introduced to make the improvement of performance. The result of control performance by IMC is compared with that of PID numerically, accuracy and incoherency are confirmed.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 49
終了ページ 54
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308854
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17837
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_39.pdf
著者 桑嶋 崇行| 今井 純| 小西 正躬|
抄録 This paper presents method of the controller design for one link arm with parametric uncertainty. Recently, many manufacturing robots are operated in manufacturing facilities, with the aim of labor and cost saving or improvement of the productivity. Such robots need to have positioning performance of high precision. In condition that there is an uncertainty in plant dynamics, desired control performance may not be attained because the controller is designed according to the mathematical model of a plant. So it is important that the designed control system have a robust control performance. In this paper, the robust controller is designed using Quantitative Feedback Theory (QFT) for one link arm with parametric uncertainty. Simulation experiments are run for control system designed by using QFT and conventional method. The results are compared with each other and it is found that the control system designed by QFT shows a robust performance and can suppress the unevenness of output against parametric uncertainty.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 48
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308875
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17835
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_32.pdf
著者 馬渕 周治| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 A tractor-trailer vehicle in the factory might move on the route determined beforehand. However, automation of a tractor-trailer vehicle is difficult so that it is necessary to consider the nonlinearity of a vehicle and a trailer. In this research, the effective tracking control method of a tractor-trailer vehicle is proposed. The control method using time-state control form for a preview control is presented, and be applied a tractor-trailer vehicle with nonholonomic characteristics. Results of numerical experiments are presented to check effectiveness of the proposed control method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 32
終了ページ 38
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308736
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15269
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_47.pdf
著者 堂前 行宏| 小西 正躬| 今井 純| Asada, Hideki| Kitamura, Akira|
抄録 In this paper, an identification method of motor parameters for the diagnosis of rotor bar defects in the squirrel cage induction motor is proposed. It is difficult to distinguish the degree of deterioration by a conventional diagnostic method such as Fourier analysis. To overcome the difficulty, a motor simulator is used to identify the degree of deterioration of rotors in the squirrel cage induction motor. Using this method, the deterioration of rotor bars in the motor can be estimated quantitatively.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 47
終了ページ 51
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307181
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14148
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_28.pdf
著者 石丸 和史| 小西 正躬| 今井 純| 西 竜志|
抄録 In reactor furnace, due to high temperature and high pressure, data can be measured only near the furnace wall. In this paper, the way to estimate temperature distribution in a reactor furnace using measured data near the furnace walls and to control temperature distribution to the desired temperature distribution was studied. In the estimation, SQP method is employed using measured data near the furnace walls. As the result, the whole temperature distribution in a furnace could be obtained from such limited data. Furthermore, to control the temperature distribution in a reactor furnace, gas flow from multiple tuyeres and supplying material for controlling temperature distribution in a reactor furnace were determined by the SQP method. It was shown that temperature distribution in a furnace was regulated to achieve various desired distribution. Thus, it was verified that complicated temperature distribution in a reactor furnace could be controlled by combining furnace simulation and SQP method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 28
終了ページ 39
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308270
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14146
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_39_1_21.pdf
著者 鳥越 崇史| 小西 正躬| 今井 純| 西 竜志|
抄録 In this paper, neuro based intelligent diagnosis methods for electro-mechanical control system are proposed. A self organizing map neural network (SOM) is used to classify measured data of the target system as a qualitative diagnostic method. Besides of the above procedure, it is expected to attain more efficient maintenance by a quantitative estimation of failure. For the purpose, new method is proposed using a hierarchical neural network (HNN). In the method, classified results by SOM are processed for the quantitative diagnosis. Hierarchical neural network can identify inner structure of the relations between failure causes and its results that enables a quantitative diagnosis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2005-01
39巻
1号
開始ページ 21
終了ページ 27
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308342
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14099
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_40_1_23.pdf
著者 菊池 純二| 小西 正躬| 西 竜志| 今井 純|
抄録 In steel works, iron ores are stored in ore yard and sent to various plants of down stream accoding to transfer requests. To attain stable operation, it is neccesary to keep a certain allowable stock level in ore tanks of all plants. To this purpose, ore transfer routing method has been developed based on decentralized agent method. In case of disaster such as a big earthquake or a big fire, damages in the facilities of industrial complex may be unavoidable. In this paper, decentralized optimization method is tested to cope with such emergencies. Decentralized agents corresponding to kind of ore make their own transfer route plan exchanging information with others. As the application of the proposed method, transfer scheduling in ore yard in steel works are made in case of destruction of transfer facilities.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2006-01
40巻
1号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 30
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308160