JaLCDOI 10.18926/15366
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_147.pdf
著者 山際 雅詩| 酒井 裕|
抄録 The Cry4A toxin is a dipteran-specific insecticidal protein produced by Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis as a protoxin of 130 kDa. Its active form is a heterodimer of 20- and 45-kDa fragments which is generated by an interhelical cleavage of a 60-kDa intermediate at the position of Gln236 between α5 and α6 helices in domain I. On the other hand, Cry1Aa, which is also produced as a 130-kDa protoxin but toxic to lepidopteran larvae, was processed into the active 60-kDa fragment with no additional cleavage. To investigate the role of the intramolecular cleavage of Cry4A for its insecticidal activity, the loop between α5 and α6 of Cry4A which includes the cleavage site was substituted for the corresponding region of Cry1Aa. The resulting mutant designated GST-60Loop was expressed as a GST-fusion protein. A difference of the processing profile was observed between GST-60 and GST-60Loop in the in vitro digestion assay by trypsin, and the insecticidal activity of GST-60Loop was two-fold lower than that of GST-60. These results suggested that the interhelical cleavage of Cry4A promoted the toxicity against C. pipiens larvae.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 147
終了ページ 154
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307324
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15429
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_25.pdf
著者 松田 正明| 大崎 紘一|
抄録 The eye movement has been studied widely, because it gives various information about the characteristics of visual work. Almost all of those studies have concentrated on the distribution of the visual points, the direction and width of the saccadic movement and the fixation time of the measures. However there are few measures to evaluate the relationship between the visual objects and eye movement. Recently, the personal computer become portable and this makes it possible to analyze the many data and to show the results graphically on the experimental field. In this study, we propose a series of methods to evaluate how a subject looks at a visual field using the queue theory, and how often man looks at the central part of the visual field using the statistical two-dimensional ellipse. We developed the Pascal program on an personal computer(NEC PC9800). This program has 3 functions. One is the measurement of eye movement, the second is the calculation of the proposed measures and the third is the display of the results of these calculations.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1992-03-28
26巻
2号
開始ページ 25
終了ページ 41
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308015
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15450
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_22_35.pdf
著者 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 Several methods to derive thermodynamic sum rules for a system including charged particle are proposed and applied to charged mixtures as well as one-component systems. The validity of the statements is examined carefully with respect to the ordering in the powers of the wave number. As for the mixture of electrons and ions, it is shown how the aspect of the one-component plasma or the ionic mixture appears when electrons become strongly degenerate.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-03-31
22巻
開始ページ 35
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307661
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15400
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_11.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 山本 辰馬| Saratani Keiji| Tanaka Masahiro| Kawazoe Takayoshi|
抄録 The use of dental implants has increased together with increases in the human life span and it has become an imperative subject for dentists to familiarize themselves with this treatment modality. Unfortunately, there has been no practical and quantitative method for in vivo evaluation of the stability of dental implants. In the tooth mobility examination, the tactile sense of natural teeth is different from that of dental implants. The authors have developed an automatic diagnosis system of tooth mobility for clinical use. The biomechanical mobility of peri-implantium is measured with a pseudo-random vibration, from which the viscoelasticity c1, c2, k of peri-implantium is obtained. The diagnosis system has been applied to the quantitative evaluation of the stability of implants : endodontics endosseous implants (titanium pin), endosseous implants (Bioceram). It has also been applied to the evaluation of the long-term prognoses of dental implantation (Bioceram) and the examination of Intramobile implant (IMZ), and the satisfactory results have been obtained.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1993-03-25
27巻
2号
開始ページ 11
終了ページ 17
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308018
JaLCDOI 10.18926/17835
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_43_32.pdf
著者 馬渕 周治| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 A tractor-trailer vehicle in the factory might move on the route determined beforehand. However, automation of a tractor-trailer vehicle is difficult so that it is necessary to consider the nonlinearity of a vehicle and a trailer. In this research, the effective tracking control method of a tractor-trailer vehicle is proposed. The control method using time-state control form for a preview control is presented, and be applied a tractor-trailer vehicle with nonholonomic characteristics. Results of numerical experiments are presented to check effectiveness of the proposed control method.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2009-01
43巻
開始ページ 32
終了ページ 38
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308736
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14062
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_60.pdf
著者 Kikuchi, Junji| 小西 正躬| 今井 純|
抄録 In steel works, molten metals discharged from blast furnace are put into a pan for transportation called torpedo and transported to steel making factory by a locomotive. In molten metals transportation, it becomes issues to prevent temperature drop of molten metals for stable production of down stream plants to shorten transportation time. Therefore it is necessary to make an appropriate plan for molten metals transfer considering the production and the transportation simultaneously. In this paper, molten metals transfer planning method is proposed including production scheduling. That is, torpedo schedule, transfer request assignment and route plan of locomotives are optimized according to each objective.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 60
終了ページ 70
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308612
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14099
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_40_1_23.pdf
著者 菊池 純二| 小西 正躬| 西 竜志| 今井 純|
抄録 In steel works, iron ores are stored in ore yard and sent to various plants of down stream accoding to transfer requests. To attain stable operation, it is neccesary to keep a certain allowable stock level in ore tanks of all plants. To this purpose, ore transfer routing method has been developed based on decentralized agent method. In case of disaster such as a big earthquake or a big fire, damages in the facilities of industrial complex may be unavoidable. In this paper, decentralized optimization method is tested to cope with such emergencies. Decentralized agents corresponding to kind of ore make their own transfer route plan exchanging information with others. As the application of the proposed method, transfer scheduling in ore yard in steel works are made in case of destruction of transfer facilities.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2006-01
40巻
1号
開始ページ 23
終了ページ 30
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308160
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14060
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_53.pdf
著者 Chai Hong| 東辻 浩夫|
抄録 In order to transfer quantum information, the use of spin chains has been proposed and their transfer characteristics have been analyzed. As one of the latter, the maximum of the transfer probability over sufficiently long time period is often considered important and some examples with high maximum values have been given. In these examples, the coupling between neighboring spins are tuned so as to attain high efficiency. In this article, we discuss the effect of noise on the values of coupling constant. As a result, we propose a system where the efficiency is high and also the effect of noise is small.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 55
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308635
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15465
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_1_49.pdf
著者 岡 久雄| 山本 辰馬| Isayama Yoshiharu|
抄録 In the field of dental study it is most fundamental and necessary to estimate the condition of periodontium. In order to examine a mechanical characteristics of periodontium, the theoretical displacement response to periodontal mechanical model (three elements model) are strictly solved in case of some pulse excitations. Impact excitations (rectangular, triangular and half-cycle sine pulse) are given in physical and mathematical definitions and complete solutions to the impact excitations are provided. The triangular pulse excitation which is obtained by means of a fracture of pencil-lead is most suitable. The mechanical parameters of periodontium are given using this input excitation. This is experimentally confirmed by artificial tooth model. The obtained mechanical characteristic of the periodontal tissues can be applied to clinical diagnosis.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1988-11-22
23巻
1号
開始ページ 49
終了ページ 60
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307622
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15441
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_2_93.pdf
著者 福山 淳| Kasai Takashi| 古谷 洋一郎|
抄録 A one-dimensional tokamak transport code (TASK/TR) has been developed to analyze the evolution of a burning plasma accompanied with fusion reaction. This code deals with the electrons, deuterons, tritons, thermalized α particles, fast α particles and beam ions, separately, in order to describe the dependence of the reaction rate on the ion mixture ratio. As an energy transport model, the drift wave turbulence mode is employed. The heating and current drive by the neutral beam injection as well as the pellet injection for fuelling are also included. This code is applied to a reactor-grade plasma aimed at in the ITER project. The cases of an ignited plasma and a current-driven plasma are examined. The required power for full current drive is estimated. The effect of pellet injection, both fuel and impurity ions, is also studied.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1992-03-28
26巻
2号
開始ページ 93
終了ページ 109
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307699
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15485
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_24_1_115.pdf
著者 阿部 宏史| Nogata Mikio|
抄録 The rapid economic growth of Japan in the postwar period has brought about the over-concentration of activities in a few large cities, and local regions have been losing their economic vitality due to the regional differentials and the population loss. Regional development planning in Japan has sought to achieve a balanced growth of the nation through the development of industries in local regions. This paper aims to examine the regional structure of manufacturing industries in the postwar period and to identify its current problems. Three methods, namely the analysis of coefficient of variation, the rateshare analysis and the shift-share analysis are applied using employment data of manufacturing industries for the years 1955 to 1985. Findings show that while the employment of manufacturing industries has been markedly decentralized from metropolitan to local regions, the disparities in growth rates still exist among regions.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-11-29
24巻
1号
開始ページ 115
終了ページ 133
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307659
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15346
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_35_9.pdf
著者 阿部 武治| 坪井 智昭|
抄録 The evaluation of microscopic inhomogeneity of polycrystalline aluminum is performed by measuring the hardness in respective grains. The recently developed ultra-micro hardness tester is used and the effects of the test pattern, the indentation load and the indenting velocity are examined. Then, the relationship between the increase in the hardness caused by the work hardening and the deformation of respective grains are statistically investigated. The hardness testing mode in which the initial load is applied before the onset of measurement gives more stable results than the testing mode without the initial load. The test condition with the indentation load of 9.8mN and the indentation velocity of 0.2 μm/sec seems to be optimum and gives the least dispersion of the measured values in grains. It is shown that the hardness values of respective grains in polycrystalline aluminum as well as their dispersion increase with the applied plastic strain. Discussion is made on the microscopic deformation behavior of polycrystalline aluminum.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2001-03-27
35巻
1-2号
開始ページ 9
終了ページ 19
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307825
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15426
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_29_2_77.pdf
著者 都留 寛治| Nishiyama Chikako| 大槻 主税| 尾坂 明義|
抄録 Poly(methyl methacrylate) substrates were immersed in suspensions containing bioactive 50CaO・50SiO(2) (mol%) glass particles (45 μm in diameter) and a 6:4 (volume fraction) mixture of ethanol and THF, and an ultrasonic energy was applied to the system. A layer of glass particles was implanted and covered more than 50% of the substrate surface. Thin film X-ray diffraction patterns and FT-IR reflection spectra indicated deposition of apatite on the glass-implanted substrates after they were soaked for 12 h in a simulated body fluid similar in apatite-deposition ability to the human blood plasma. Flake-like apatite crystallites formed on the substrate soaked in SBF for 3 days.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1995-03-27
29巻
2号
開始ページ 77
終了ページ 81
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307332
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14123
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_40_1_53.pdf
著者 金谷 健一| 菅谷 保之| Hanno Ackermann|
抄録 In order to reconstruct 3-D Euclidean shape by the Tomasi-Kanade factorization, one needs to specify an affine camera model such as orthographic, weak perspective, and paraperspective. We present a new method that does not require any such specific models. We show that a minimal requirement for an affine camera to mimic perspective projection leads to a unique camera model, which we call a symmetric affine camera, which has two free functions. We determine their values from input images by linear computation and demonstrate by experiments that an appropriate camera model is automatically selected.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2006-01
40巻
1号
開始ページ 53
終了ページ 63
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308664
JaLCDOI 10.18926/46952
フルテキストURL mfe_38_1-2_039_059.pdf
著者 Kanatani, Kenichi|
抄録 We investigate the meaning of "statistical methods" for geometric inference based on image feature points. Tracing back the origin of feature uncertainty to image processing operations, we discuss the implications of asymptotic analysis in reference to "geometric fitting" and "geometric model selection", We point out that a correspondence exists between the standard statistical analysis and the geometric inference problem. We also compare the capability of the "geometric AIC" and the "geometric MDL' in detecting degeneracy. Next, we review recent progress in geometric fitting techniques for linear constraints, describing the "FNS method", the "HEIV method", the "renormalization method", and other related techniques. Finally, we discuss the "Neyman-Scott problem" and "semiparametric models" in relation to geometric inference. We conclude that applications of statistical methods requires careful considerations about the nature of the problem in question.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2004-03
38巻
1-2号
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 59
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 80016889442
JaLCDOI 10.18926/19955
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_44_13.pdf
著者 金谷 健一| Sugaya Yasuyuki|
抄録 A new numerical scheme is presented for computing strict maximum likelihood (ML) of geometric fitting problems having an implicit constraint. Our approach is orthogonal projection of observations onto a parameterized surface defined by the constraint. Assuming a linearly separable nonlinear constraint, we show that a theoretically global solution can be obtained by iterative Sampson error minimization. Our approach is illustrated by ellipse fitting and fundamental matrix computation. Our method also encompasses optimal correction, computing, e.g., perpendiculars to an ellipse and triangulating stereo images. A detailed discussion is given to technical and practical issues about our approach.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2010-01
44巻
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 23
ISSN 1349-6115
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002309170
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15421
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_75.pdf
著者 Myojin Sho| Noguchi Hisahumi| Yamada Masahito|
抄録 Four radials-single ring urban expressway network is priced and, simultaneously, optimized in its spatial formation under the constraint that a balance must be kept of revenue and expenditure. The model consists of three sub-models: road system, car trip generation-attraction and traffic diversion. Network performance is assessed on two criteria; trip number criterion on which the aggregate number of car trips diverted onto expressway is maximized and travel hour criterion on which the travel hours of car trips integrated over the road system; surface and expressway, is minimized. Optimization is tried by numerical calculation for some sets of parameters in the model. The results are summarized as follows; (1) simultaneous optimization of price and spatial formation of the expressway network is possible on each of criteria, (2) trip number criterion produces lower pricing and smaller network while travel hour criterion does higher pricing and larger network, (3) optimum solution lies in a delicate relation of price and spatial network formation that comes from the balance constraint.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1991-11-30
26巻
1号
開始ページ 75
終了ページ 94
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307318
JaLCDOI 10.18926/14058
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_42_44.pdf
著者 Ogawa Takafumi| 鶴田 健二| 東辻 千枝子| 東辻 浩夫| Hiroshi Iyetomi|
抄録 To analyze vibrational properties of Si crystal with a single charge-neutral vacancy, we perform large-scale simulations based on tight-binding molecular-dynamics method. Vibrational modes and frequencies are obtained by diagonalizing dynamical matrix within a harmonic approximation. Results indicate that there exist vibrational modes spatially localized around the vacancy and large frequency shifts associated with the localized modes contribute significantly to reduction of the vibrational free energy.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 2008-01
42巻
1号
開始ページ 44
終了ページ 47
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002308412
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15469
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_23_2_1.pdf
著者 Kamiyabu, Hideto| 榊原 精| Maeda, Hironobu| 飛田 守孝|
抄録 Surface tension (γ(L)) and contact angle (θ) of gallium related to wettability on Teflon and other substrates (Al(2)O(3), SiO(2), glass, graphite, BN, AI, Ni, As etc.) were investigated. The values of Teflon were 0.70(6)N/m and 158° in pure argon atmosphere, and the ones of other substrates were listed in a table in this text. We were interested especially in the relative values, γ(L)'s, on the substrates as compared with γ(L) on Teflon substrate. Liquid Ga showed spreading wetting on pure Ni metal and adhesional wetting on Al (supposed to be covered by A1(2)O(3)) and on metallic polycrystal As. Surface tension of Ga was remarkably decreased by a kind of oxide contamination due to oxygen in air. The surface layer coated by the contamination was of amorphous state nearly same as liquid Ga. The amorphous coat caused liquid Ga rather high supercooling of △T~35K. It seems that the contamination layer (oxide fi1m) smeared the crystal nucleation sites on the free surface of liquid Ga
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1989-03-30
23巻
2号
開始ページ 1
終了ページ 8
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307294
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15453
フルテキストURL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_28_2_13.pdf
著者 Kusumoto, Hisao| 飛田 守孝| 榊原 精| Nishida, Norihide| 竹元 嘉利| 山田 益男|
抄録 The strain in Si substrate induced by locally ion-plated thin film of TiN was observed by X-ray topograph (Lang technique). Circular TiN film was deposited on one side of the Si surface. In all topographs the highest blackness attributed to kinematical diffraction effect occurred at the film edge. Rosette pattern with four-lobes was observed around the film. Blackness as a whole increased with the film thickness. Strain was observed in the depth direction of substrate by limited projection method. When the slit width was narrowed, the kinematical images disappeared, and white images appeared at the film edge. All the contrast disappeared when the TiN film was completely removed in boiling HNO(3). The strain induced by the film deposition was proved to be elastic.
出版物タイトル Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
発行日 1994-03-15
28巻
2号
開始ページ 13
終了ページ 20
ISSN 0475-0071
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
NAID 120002307150