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Funahashi, Hiroaki Department of Animal Science, Okayama University ORCID Kaken ID publons researchmap
Koike, Takayuki Department of Animal Science, Okayama University
Sakai, Ryoko Department of Animal Science, Okayama University
The objective was to examine potential roles of glucose and pyruvate in nuclear and cytoplasmic maturation of porcine oocytes. Oocyte-cumulus complexes (OCC), derived from 3 to 6 mm follicles, were cultured in a chemically defined medium (pyruvate-free mNCSU37-PVA), with or without 5.55 mM glucose, during in vitro maturation (IVM); in the absence of glucose, germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) and nuclear maturation were prevented (P < 0.05). Subsequently, OCC were cultured for IVM in glucose-containing mNCSU37-PVA supplemented with 6-amononicotinamide (6-AN) and diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), inhibitors of the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP); both compounds (>= 10 mu M 6-AN and >= 10 nM DPI) inhibited resumption of meiosis (P < 0.05). Supplementation of glucose-free maturation medium with increasing concentrations of pyruvate induced resumption of meiosis and increased the incidence of oocytes reaching metaphase-II in a concentration-dependent manner (P < 0.05). More mature oocytes were obtained in the presence of pyruvate + glucose (P < 0.05). After culture to allow maturation, glutathione content was higher in oocytes cultured in the presence of pyruvate alone than in those cultured in glucose alone; inclusion of 6-AN abolished responses to pyruvate (P < 0.05). In conclusion, both glucose and pyruvate played a critical role in the release of porcine oocytes from arrest at the GV-I stage, probably through the PPP, whereas supplementation with pyruvate improved cytoplasmic maturation, as determined by oocyte glutathione content.
in vitro maturation