Akiyama, Mari Department of Child Neurology, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine
Oka, Makio Department of Child Neurology, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine
Kobayashi, Katsuhiro Department of Child Neurology, Okayama University Hospital Kaken ID publons researchmap
Background Renal calcified lesions are known as one of the complications during adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) therapy for intractable epilepsy. However, laboratory changes during the therapy or laboratory features of high‐risk cases with renal calcified lesions are yet to be clarified. Methods In this study, 43 patients with West syndrome aged ≤2 years were included. We retrospectively reviewed age and body mass index at the beginning of ACTH therapy, as well as the amount of fluid intake, daily urinary volume, and laboratory data during therapy. In addition, we studied the urinary sediment of the cases with renal calcified lesions diagnosed by computed tomography. Results After initiating ACTH treatment, urinary calcium (Ca)/creatinine ratio and urinary pH increased within 2 weeks. Urinary crystals and renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) in urinary sediment were frequently found in most cases. Urinary Ca levels, proteinuria or frequency of urinary crystals, and number of RTECs in the urinary sediment were significantly higher in patients with epithelial casts (ECs) or hematuria than in patients without these findings. Among the seven patients who underwent abdominal CT, ECs or hematuria were found only in those with renal calcified lesions. These findings suggested that patients with ECs or hematuria were more likely to have calcified lesions. Conclusions The risk of renal calcified lesions increased after 2 weeks of ACTH treatment. Abnormal findings in urinary sediments might be an early sign of renal calcification during ACTH therapy.
adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy
renal tubular epithelial cell
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Miyahara, Hiroyuki et.al. "Laboratory changes during adrenocorticotropic hormone therapy associated with renal calcified lesions" Pediatrics International 62(5) 587-592 (2020), which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/ped.14158. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions. This fulltext is available in Jun. 2021.
© 2020 Japan Pediatric Society
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