JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32882
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Yano, Ryusuke| Yamanura, Masahiro| Sunahori, Katsue| Takasugi, Kouji| Yamana, Jiro| Kawashima, Masanori| Makino, Hirofumi|
抄録 <p>CD16+ monocytes, identified as a minor population of monocytes in human peripheral blood, have been implicated in several inflammatory diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Fractalkine (FKN, CX3CL1), a member of the CX3 C subfamily, is induced by pro-inflammatory cytokines, while a receptor for FKN, CX3CR1, is capable of mediating both leukocyte migration and firm adhesion. Here, we investigated the role of FKN and CX3CR1 in activation of CD16+ monocytes and their recruitment into synovial tissues in RA patients. High levels of soluble FKN were detected in the synovial fluid and sera of RA patients. Circulating CD16+ monocytes showed a higher level of CX3CR1 expression than CD16- monocytes in both RA patients and healthy subjects. High level expression of CX3CR1 was also seen in CD16+ monocytes localized to the lining layer in RA synovial tissue. In the in vitro culture experiments, IL-10 induced CX3CR1 expression on the surface of monocytes, and TNFalpha induced membrane-bound FKN as well as soluble FKN expression in synovial fibroblasts. Moreover, soluble FKN was capable of inducing IL-1beta and IL-6 by activated monocytes. These results suggest that FKN might preferentially mediate migration and recruitment of CD16+ monocytes, and might contribute to synovial tissue inflammation.</p>
キーワード CD16 monocytes fractalkine CX3CR1 rheumatoid arthritis
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2007-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
61巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 89
終了ページ 98
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 17471309
Web of Science KeyUT 000245875600006