JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32304
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Mino, Yoshio| Yasuda, Nobufumi| Kanazawa, Susumu| Inoue, Shimpei|
抄録 <p>In order to clarify the effects of medical education on attitudes towards mental illness among medical students, a follow-up study was conducted. All 100 students entering Kochi Medical School in 1988 were subjects. The initial questionnaire survey was conducted in 1988, and followed up in 1993. Response rate was 69% in the initial survey, and 83% in the follow-up study. By the time of the follow-up, all of the students had completed their medical education, including courses in psychiatry and mental health. Results were as follows: At the follow-up study, 1) a significantly higher percentage of students replied that they accepted the mentally ill as co-workers; 2) significantly favorable changes were observed in attitudes towards psychiatric services; 3) optimism about the effectiveness of treatment for mental illness at an early stage and prevention of mental illness had decreased; and 4) no change was observed in attitudes toward human rights of the mentally ill, except in the case of one item stating that the mentally ill should not have children in order to avoid hereditary handicaps, with which a lower percentage agreed. Conclusively, medical education can play an important role in attitudes towards mental illness. </p>
キーワード attitudes towards mental illness medical education medical students follow-up study
Amo Type Article
発行日 2000-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
54巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 127
終了ページ 132
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 10925737
Web of Science KeyUT 000087965700005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30976
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Ota, Atsuhiko| Yasuda, Nobufumi| Kawai, Kazuya| Tanioka, Katsutoshi| Doi, Yoshinori| Ohara, Hiroshi| Ono, Yuichiro|
抄録 <p>In this prospective cohort study for Japanese patients with established ischemic heart disease (IHD), the authors investigated the rate of success of smoking cessation 3 months after hospital discharge and its related factors. The subjects included 90 current smokers admitted for IHD. A total of 58 subjects (64%) had quit smoking for 3 months after being discharged. In comparison with subjects with acute myocardial infarction, those with stable angina (SA) showed a significantly lower frequency of smoking cessation (relative risk of resuming smoking (95% confidence interval):2.06 (1.09, 3.92), p=0.036). This relationship remained significant even after controlling for sex, age, and scores of the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (adjusted odds ratio:3.39 (1.01, 11.37), p=0.048). However, it became insignificant when hospital admission followed by emergency medical service (EMS) care was additionally adjusted (adjusted odds ratio:2.48 (0.36, 16.97), p=0.356). The smoking cessation rate in this study was identical to that observed in studies conducted in Japan prior to the recent social changes with regard to tobacco use. SA still appears to be a risk factor for smoking resumption after discharge. Experiencing EMS care would be an intermediate variable in this relationship.</p>
キーワード ischemic heart disease smoking prospective cohort study Japan
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2008-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
62巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 151
終了ページ 157
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 18596831
Web of Science KeyUT 000257130300002