JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/40008
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hirai, Kazuyuki| Arimitsu, Hideyuki| Umeda, Koji| Yokota, Kenji| Shen, Lianhua| Ayada, Kiyoshi| Kodama, Yoshikatsu| Tsuji, Takao| Hirai, Yoshikazu| Oguma, Keiji|
抄録 In an attempt to prepare egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) to treat and prevent cholera, hens were immunized by a mixture of heat- or formalin-killed Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 organisms, or by the recombinant cholera toxin B subunit (CTB). The IgYs were partially purified from egg yolk and orally administered to suckling mice before or after challenge with live O1 or O139 cells. The anti-O1 and O139 IgYs and the mixture of either IgY with anti-CTB IgY significantly protected the occurrence of cholera caused by both O1 and O139 infection. Since large amounts of IgY can be prepared very easily and at low cost, this seems to be a useful procedure for preventing and treating cholera.
キーワード Vibrio cholerae O1 O139 IgY
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2010-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
64巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 163
終了ページ 170
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 20596127
Web of Science KeyUT 000279094300002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32813
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Sawayama, Tomoyuki| Sakaguchi, Kohsaku| Senoh, Tomonori| Ohta, Takeyuki| Nishimura, Mamoru| Takaki, Akinobu| Tsuji, Takao| Shiratori, Yasushi|
抄録 <p>In patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), natural killer (NK) cell activity decreases significantly, and the reduced activity may be associated with the progression of HCC. In this study we evaluated the effects of pulsing with interleukin (IL)-2 and/or IL-12 on the activation of freshly isolated peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) derived from patients with HCC. PBL obtained from 9 HCC patients, 4 liver cirrhosis patients, and 9 normal subjects were cultured in the presence of IL-2 and/or IL-12. After 24 h of incubation, the levels of interferon (IFN)-gamma and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha presented in the supernatants were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha production of PBL pulsed by a combination of IL-2 and IL-12 was significantly higher than those of PBL stimulated by either IL-2 or IL-12 alone. The mRNA encoding perforin, granzyme B, as well as IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, were markedly enhanced in PBL stimulated with a combination of IL-12 and IL-2. The pulsing procedure of IL-12 in combination with IL-2 resulted in the increase of IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha, and the expression of perforin and granzyme B mRNA in PBL obtained from HCC patients, as well as in those obtained from normal subjects. These results indicate that adoptive immunotherapy based on PBL pulsed with a combination of IL-2 and IL-12 may be a promising adjunctive strategy for HCC treatment.</p>
キーワード hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) interleukin(IL)-2 interleukin(IL)-12 interferon(IFN)-r granzyme B
Amo Type Article
発行日 2003-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
57巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 285
終了ページ 292
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 14726965
Web of Science KeyUT 000187556500003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32674
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kawaguchi, Mitsuhiko| Koide, Norio| Sakaguchi, Kohsaku| Shinji, Toshiyuki| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 We showed that the combination of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin is an essential supplement to Williams' #E medium for the formation of floating multicellular spheroids in primary culture of rat hepatocytes. Isolated hepatocytes assembled to form floating multicellular spheroids within 96 h through transient assembly of monolayer islands within the initial 24 h in dishes coated with liver-derived proteoglycans. However, the assembly of multicellular spheroids was severely suppressed in the absence of either EGF or insulin. The reduction of spheroid assembly was correlated with decreased attachment and subsequent decreased formation of monolayer islands within 24 h. The minimum amounts of EGF and insulin required for the formation of floating spheroids were 1 ng/ml and 0.4 microgram/ml, respectively. These results suggest that the enhancement of hepatocyte attachment provided by the combination of EGF and insulin during the early phase of culture is required for the formation of floating spheroids.
キーワード multicellular spheroid epidermal growth factor insulin rat hepatocyte primary culture
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 195
終了ページ 201
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1502925
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JB50400008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32665
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Matsuo, Ryuichi| Ukida, Minoru| Nishikawa, Yoshiyuki| Omori, Nobuhiko| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>To investigate the role of Kupffer cells in complement activation, we used a rat model of acute hepatic injury induced by D-Galactosamine (GalN) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In in vivo study, minimal histological changes were observed after i.p. GalN (200 mg/kg) single administration. Complement hemolytic activity (CH 50) decreased to 70% of its initial value 2-3 h after i.p. LPS (1.5 mg/kg) single administration. Massive hepatic necrosis was induced by simultaneous administration of GalN and LPS. After 2-3 h, CH 50 decreased to 70% of its initial value, and deposition of C3 fluorescence (C3) was observed in Kupffer cells. After 4 h, GPT was greatly increased (1286 +/- 240 IU/l), CH 50 was further reduced, and C3 was observed on hepatocyte membranes and in the cytosol. In in vitro study, we used hepatocyte cultures and co-cultures of hepatocytes and Kupffer cells to investigate the participation of GalN, LPS, complement, and Kupffer cells in hepatic cell necrosis. We found no increase of LDH (% leakage) when LPS and complement were added to the medium (22.7 +/- 5.7%). A moderate increase was observed with the addition of GalN (33.2 +/- 2.6%). A remarkable increase was observed only with the addition of GalN, LPS, and complement to the co-culture (50.0 +/- 8.8%). These results suggest that Kupffer cells activated by LPS are very important in promoting acute hepatic injury by complement.</p>
キーワード D-Galactosamine complement lipopolysacchairide kupffer cell acute hepatic injury
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 345
終了ページ 354
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1442156
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JX49500005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32661
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Marutani, Morio| Kusachi, Shouzo| Kajikawa, Yutaka| Yamasaki, Satoshi| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>To test the hypothesis that the endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) contributes to coronary vasodilation induced by myocardial ischemia, we examined the effect of NG-nitro-L-arginine (a potent and selective inhibitor of EDRF release) on the coronary reactive hyperemic response in the open-chest dogs. Intracoronary infusion of NG-nitro-L-arginine at a coronary plasma concentration of 5 x 10(-5) M had no effect on hemodynamics and myocardial oxygen metabolism, but attenuated repayment of the flow debt by an average of 20.4% and 20.0% following coronary occlusion for 10 sec and 20 sec, respectively. Concomitant infusion of NG-nitro-L-arginine at the same concentration and 8-phenyltheophylline (a potent adenosine receptor blocker) at a coronary plasma concentration of 10(-5) M further attenuated flow debt repayment following 10 sec and 20 sec of coronary occlusion by 47.7 and 59.4%, respectively. These results indicate that EDRF plays a significant role in the coronary reactive hyperemic response and may cause vasodilation independently of adenosine-mediated vasodilation following coronary occlusion.</p>
キーワード myocardial reactive hyperemia nitric oxide amino acids metabolic vasodilation
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 337
終了ページ 343
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1442155
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JX49500004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32660
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Takahashi, Michiko| Yamada, Gotaro| Miyamoto, Rieko| Doi, Toshihiko| Endo, Hisashi| Nishimoto, Hiroshi| Fujiki, Shigeatsu| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Mizuno, Motowo| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>We measured hepatitis C virus antibody titers in 13 patients with chronic hepatitis C to determine whether titration of hepatitis C virus antibody was useful or not, to predict and evaluate the efficacy of interferon (IFN) treatment. During administration of IFN, hepatitis C virus titers declined in all patients. Antibody titers performed before treatment as well as just at the end of treatment did not correlate with change of the alanine aminotransferase levels during administration of IFN. Antibody titers declined continuously after treatment in 5 patients with normal alanine amino-transferase levels for over 6 months after discontinuation of IFN. Antibody titers rose again in 6 patients whose alanine aminotransferase levels fluctuated after treatment. An exceptional pattern of change occurred in 2 patients whose antibody titers declined continuously although their alanine aminotransferase levels fluctuated after treatment. Repeated titration of hepatitis C virus antibody appears to be useful for evaluating the long-term efficacy of IFN treatment.</p>
キーワード titiration of hepatitis C virus antibody interferon chronic hepatitis C efficacy of treatment
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 331
終了ページ 336
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1279945
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JX49500003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32656
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hada, Hajime| Koide, Norio| Hanafusa, Tadashi| Sakaguchi, Kosaku| Shinji, Toshiyuki| Sasaki, Shunsuke| Oka, Takahiko| Takayama, Niro| Yumoto, Yasuhiro| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>We detected an antibody to HCV envelope protein (E1) in sera of patients with HCV-related chronic liver diseases (20 patients with chronic hepatitis and 5 patients with liver cirrhosis) by Western blotting using the fusion protein of E1 envelope protein and beta-galactosidase as an antigen. The antibody to HCV E1 (anti-HCV E1) was detected in 8 (42%) of 19 patients positive for HCV-RNA (16 were positive and 3 were negative for antibody to C100-3) and in 1 (17%) of 6 patients negative for HCV-RNA but positive for antibody to C100-3. HCV-RNA was detected in 8 (89%) of 9 anti-HCV E1 positive sera. The value of alanine aminotransferase was significantly higher in patients positive for anti-HCV E1 than in patients negative for the antibody. Although an antibody to the envelope protein of HCV is suspected to be one of the candidates of virus-neutralizing antibodies, our results suggest this hypothesis appears to be unlikely.</p>
キーワード hepatitis C virus envelope antibody Western blotting
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 367
終了ページ 370
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1279946
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JX49500007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO32655
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Endo, Hisashi| Yamada, Gotaro| Nakane, Paul K| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>To establish the most proper method of in situ hybridization in detection of HCV-RNA in the liver, various detailed procedures were examined using frozen as well as paraffin-embedded sections of tissue derived from patients. In frozen sections of the liver from hepatitis C patients obtained at autopsy or surgery, HCV-RNA was detectable by in situ hybridization using thymine-thymine dimerized oligonucleotide DNA probes when the sections were treated with ethanol-acetic acid at first, then 0.2 N hydrochloric acid, proteinase K (0.02 u/ml) and DNase. When the paraffin-embedded liver sections were used, more intense proteinase K treatment (0.2-2 u/ml) was required to expose viral RNA and even after that, the positive HCV-RNA signals were less than those in frozen sections, because the cytoplasmic RNA in the routine paraffin-embedded sections was preserved unevenly and less than in frozen sections. These findings indicate that in situ hybridization of HCV-RNA is useful for diagnosing HCV infection and should be a potent tool for monitoring the state of virus activities during therapy. However, the liver biopsy method should be modified so that RNA is retained properly to utilize biopsies more effectively for the routine diagnosis of HCV infection.</p>
キーワード hepatitis C virus RNA of hepatitis C virus in situ hybridzation thyminethymine dimer oligonucleotide DNA probe
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 355
終了ページ 364
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1332425
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JX49500006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32651
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Sato, Atsuhiko| Higashi, Toshihiro| Ling, Liu| Shiota, Tetsuya| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>Indocyanine green (ICG) was injected into rat liver nodules induced by 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF) via portal vein. The relationship between ICG staining and cell atypism of liver nodules was examined by means of histology and DNA flow cytometry. After 2-AAF administration, many small nodules appeared on the liver surface. All hyperplastic nodules were ICG stained until 10 weeks after the administration, but some nodules were not stained after 14 weeks. ICG-stained nodules histologically consisted of benign tissues and borderline lesions, and many of them showed &#34;diploidy&#34; in DNA cytometry. ICG-unstained nodules consisted of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCCs) and borderline lesions, and many of them showed &#34;aneuploidy&#34;. In this way, it has been suggested that HCC could derive from hyperplastic nodules and that they might lose an ability to take up ICG in the process of hepatocarcinogenesis. Immunohistochemical staining for glutathione-S-transferase alpha (GST-alpha), a carrier protein of ICG in hepatocytes, was well correlated with ICG staining in the nodules, suggesting that the loss of ICG uptake in HCC was partly due to the decrease of GST-alpha. Moreover, the appearance of ICG unstained and aneuploid nodules was significantly inhibited in rats which were fed on diet containing Syosaiko-to after the administration of 2-AAF. Chemopreventive effect of Syo-saiko-to on hepatocarcinogenesis was identified.</p>
キーワード hepatocellular carcinoma idocyanine green carcinogenesis DNA flow cytometry Syo-saiko-to glutathione-S-transferase
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 57
終了ページ 66
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1374211
Web of Science KeyUT A1992HR48400001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32629
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Morii, Kazuhiko| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Nakagawa, Hiroshi| Hasui, Toshimi| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>Since detection of hepatitis C virus RNA by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) showed that there existed anti-C100-3 (anti-HCV) antibody negative patients infected with HCV, we attempted to find out whether there were any clinical or viral genomic differences between the anti-HCV antibody positive and negative groups. One hundred and fifty-nine patients with chronic liver diseases with hepatitis C virus RNA in their sera were selected. Anti-HCV antibody was tested for anti-C100-3 antibody by an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The incidence of anti-HCV antibody was 129/159. The concentration of serum gamma-globulin, the titier of ZTT, and the positive rate of the PCR with the primers of the NS3/4 region (NS3/4PCR) were significantly higher in the anti-HCV antibody positive group than in the negative group. However, the other data such as alanine aminotransferase activity or past history were not significantly different. Nucleotide sequence of the cDNA fragments of NS3/4 region amplified by the PCR did not differ significantly between isolates from anti-HCV antibody positive and negative sera. The sequences observed in the present study did not differ significantly from those reported previously. Although there remains the possibility that the variation of viral genomic sequences may cause the absence of anti-HCV antibody, these results suggested that the individual clinical backgrounds or immunoreactivity of the patients might influence the antibody development.</p>
キーワード hepatitis C virus polymerase chain reaction anti-C100-3 antibody genetic variation
Amo Type Article
発行日 1992-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
46巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 285
終了ページ 293
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1332424
Web of Science KeyUT A1992JL44200009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32213
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Cheng, Xiao-shu| Kusachi, Shozo| Urabe, Norio| Nogami, Kunio| Takemoto, Masao| Morishita, Naoya| Haraoka, Shoichi| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>The association between the extent of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and severity of ventricular or atrial arrhythmias are examined. Two-dimensional echocardiography and 24-h Holter electrocardiography monitoring were performed in 60 patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). According to the distribution of the LV hypertrophy, the patients were divided into three groups: 1. Apical hypertrophy (APH), 2. Septal hypertrophy, and 3. Extensive hypertrophy. Ventricular arrhythmias were found in 82% of the patients and supraventricular arrhythmias were detected in 70% of the patients. Lown grade III and IV arrhythmias occurred significantly more frequently in patients with extensive than with septal hypertrophy. Lown grade III to IV arrhythmias did not occur in patients with APH. Present results show a significant association between the extent of LV hypertrophy and the severity of ventricular arrhythmias in HCM. &#60;/P&#62;</p>
キーワード hypertrophic cardiomyopathy arrhythmia echocardiography Holter ECG
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 155
終了ページ 159
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1832510
Web of Science KeyUT A1991FV15000005
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32203
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Matsueda, Kazuhiro| Yamada, Gotaro| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>In order to clarify difference of the mucosal immunity in various sites of normal large and small intestines, we studied the population of lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulin (Ig)-containing cells in situ in biopsy specimens taken from various sites (ascending colon, sigmoid colon and rectum) of the large intestine and from the duodenum using an immunohistochemical method. Monoclonal antibodies against pan-T (Leu 1), cytotoxic/suppressor T (Leu2a), helper/inducer T (Leu3a), suppressor T (Leu15) and natural killer/K (Leu7) cells, and polyclonal antibodies to human IgG, IgA and IgM were used. In the duodenum, intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) were more prominent than in the large intestine. Immunoelectron microscopic observation revealed that some Leu2a+ IELs possessed pseudopods extending into intestinal epithelial cells, indicating that some IELs belong to the cytotoxic T cell subset. Leu7+ IELs were scarcely observed and Leu7+/Leu1+ ratio was higher in the large intestine than in the duodenum. Furthermore, the number of Leu7+ cells were more in the distal than the proximal colon. In the lamina propria Ig-containing cells tended to be fewer in the rectum than in the duodenum and the proximal colon. Our findings may suggest the variation of local immune responses and the difference of assigned immunological functions among the various sites of the intestines.</p>
キーワード cytotoxic T cell subsets anti-Leu7(NK/K cells) immunoglobulin-containing cells intestinal mucosa
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 161
終了ページ 169
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1891975
Web of Science KeyUT A1991FV15000006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32196
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hada, Hajime| Koide, Norio| Takabatake, Hiroyuki| Hanafusa, Tadashi| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 It has been reported that the envelope region located at the 3' portion of the structural protein coding region is one of the most variable regions at both nucleotide and amino acid sequence levels in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) genome. We cloned HCV cDNA fragments of an envelope protein coding region (HCVNK), which were derived from serum of a Japanese patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and were amplified by polymerase chain reaction. After determining the nucleotide sequence, deduced amino acid sequence of the envelope protein region was compared with those of six HCV strains already published (HCJ1, HCVUS, HCJ4, HCVJH, HCVJ and HCVBK). Homology analysis among the strains revealed that the seven strains were classified into two subtypes; a US subtype (HCJ1 and HCVUS) and a Japanese subtype (HCJ4, HCVJH, HCVJ, HCVBK and HCVNK), since percentage homologies between two subtypes (70.3-77.3%) were significantly lower than those within each subtype (83.9-93.5%). Detailed analysis of the amino acid sequences also indicates that the region at aa246-aa258, tentatively named intersubtype variable region-1, may distinguish the US subtype from the Japanese subtype.
キーワード hapatitis C virus envelope DNA sequecing homology intersubtype variable region
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 347
終了ページ 355
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1661558
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GN53800009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32195
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Hongo, Toshiki| Tomoda, Jun| Mizuno, Motowo| Maga, Toshirou| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 Mucus glycoprotein is one of the major components of gastric mucus which plays an important role in mucosal defensive mechanisms as a mucus-bicarbonate barrier. Analysis of the mucus glycoprotein synthesis is a useful tool for evaluating gastric mucosal defensive factors. UDP-galactosyltransferase (UDP-Gal-T) is one of the regulating enzymes for the synthesis of the mucus glycoprotein. In the present paper, we studied assay methods for UDP-Gal-T activity in rat gastric mucosa using radiolabeled UDP-galactose and two different kinds of acceptor proteins, namely ovomucoid and asialomucin, and analyzed effects of antisecretory agents on the UDP-Gal-T activity. We used crude supernatants of homogenized scrapings of the fundic part of rat stomach as an enzyme preparation and determined optimal conditions. In each acceptor, Mn2+ and the non-ionic detergent Triton X-100 were required for the enzyme activity. With each acceptor molecule, the type of glycosidic linkages of galactose was beta-type linkage. With asialomucin as an acceptor, UDP-Gal-T activities of rat gastric mucosa decreased after intraperitoneal administration of antisecretory agents, while change of the enzyme activity was not observed with ovomucoid as an acceptor.
キーワード rat gastric mucosa UDP-galactosyltransferase ovomucoid asialomucin
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 301
終了ページ 308
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 Copyright© 1999 Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1755334
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GN53800002
関連URL http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/6217
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32172
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Shimoe, Tosinari| Okada, Yoshio| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>Wheat germ agglutinin binding to a rat hepatoma cell line dRLa 74 treated with concanavalin A was studied. It increased depending on the concanavalin A concentration in the culture medium. The cells exhibited about twofold increase in wheat germ agglutinin-binding when pretreated with 50 micrograms/ml of concanavalin A for 48 h. The wheat germ agglutinin binding sites were shown to be localized at the cell surface by lectin-histochemistry. Wheat germ agglutinin blotting of microsomal membrane proteins showed a broad wheat germ agglutinin-reactive band with an apparent molecular weight of 90 to 100 kDa. Loss of wheat germ agglutinin binding to dRLa 74 cells and the glycoprotein after neuraminidase treatment suggested that wheat germ agglutinin reacted with cell surface sialyl residues of dRLa 74 cells. The induced change was reversible. Increased wheat germ agglutinin binding returned to the pretreatment level when the concanavalin A-treated cells were subcultured in the absence of concanavalin A. These observations suggest that environmental factors interacting with tumor cell surface sugar moieties may induce reversible epigenetic changes on cell surface carbohydrate structures.</p>
キーワード lectin glycoprotein hepatoma cell line rat
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 275
終了ページ 281
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1962534
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GD78000010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32164
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kanzaki, Kohji| Mizuno, Motowo| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>The immunologic mechanisms mediated by anticolon antibodies have been suggested for the injury of colonic mucosa in ulcerative colitis (UC). For the understanding of pathogenetic relevance of the anticolon antibody in UC, we examined the class and the subclass of the anticolon antibody reactive to rat colonic epithelial cells in sera from 10 patients with UC immunohistochemically by an indirect immunoperoxidase method. We also examined the distribution of the antigen recognized by the anticolon antibody by immunoelectron microscopy. The antibody reactive to the rat colonic epithelial cell was detected in 2 of the 10 patients, and the class and subclass of the antibody was mainly IgG2. The antigen recognized by the anticolon antibody was located on the apical membrane of the colonic epithelial cells and mucous substances of the goblet cells. These findings suggest that the anticolon antibody detected in this study is inadequate to cause the colonic mucosal injury by activating complements or mediating antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. A potential pathogenetic role of the anticolon antibody in UC remains to be established.</p>
キーワード ulcerative colitis anticolon antibody IgG subclass immunohistochemistry
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 249
終了ページ 256
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1962532
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GD78000007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32163
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Fujio, Kozo| Shimomura, Hiroyuki| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>Genetic variation of hepatitis C virus was assessed. We prepared RNA fractions from 21 patients' sera which were positive for hepatitis C virus RNA, synthesized their cDNAs, and amplified fragments, 406 base pairs, encoding a putative core protein, by polymerase chain reaction. One of them, N 15, was cloned and sequenced. N 15 showed 92.4% homology at the nucleotide level and 97.0% homology at the amino acid level compared with HC-J 1 which is the first isolated clone in Japan and similar to that isolated in USA. By restriction fragment length polymorphisms analysis, 14 out of 21 patients (66.7%) showed the same pattern as N 15. No patients showed the pattern of HC-J 1. We could not find a correlation between the genetic variation and clinical features of hepatitis C virus infection. These results indicate that the region, which encodes the core protein and is believed to be relatively conserved in hepatitis C virus genome, has several variations at the nucleotide level, and the major part of hepatitis C virus in Okayama district is different from HC-J 1 and the USA clone.</p>
キーワード hapatitis C virus restriction fragment length polymorphisms polymerase chain reaction genetic variation
Amo Type Article
発行日 1991-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
45巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 241
終了ページ 248
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 1683739
Web of Science KeyUT A1991GD78000006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32082
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tsuji, Takao| Araki, Kiyonori| Naito, Kunihiko| Inoue, Junichi| Nagashima, Hideo|
抄録 <p>Sera from 84 patients with chronic liver disease [CLD] (74 chronic active) and from 53 blood donors were tested immunochemically for anti-liver cell membrane antibody (LMAb). LMAb to rat liver tested by an indirect immunofluorescent technique was positive in 53.3% of CLD patients with positive HB surface antibody (HBsAb) and 40.0% of HBsAb positive blood donors. Pepsin digestion of the sera indicated that the binding between liver cell membrane and IgG was at the Fc site on the immunoglobulin. The sera with positive LMAb from HBsAb positive blood donors had elevated Clq-binding activity (Clq-BA). The LMAb to rat liver was a macro-molecular IgG (19-22S IgG) when assayed by Sephadex G-200 column chromatography and 5-40% sucrose density gradient ultracentrifugation. The results suggest that the LMAb in serum from a patient with chronic active liver disease may be an immune complex which consists of various antigens such as HB virus and its antibodies in serum.</p>
キーワード anti-liver cell membrane anitibody chronic active liver disease Fc receptor HB surface antibody immune complex
Amo Type Brief Note
発行日 1979-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
33巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 61
終了ページ 66
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 220848
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32051
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Tsuji, Takao| Naito, Kunihiko| Inoue, Junichi| Tsuchiya, Masao| Araki, Kiyonori| Shinohara, Toru| Onoue, Kimiaki| Nagashima, Hideo| Tokuyama, Katsuyuki| Okada, Takeshi|
抄録 <p>A study of 52 liver biopsies (47 hepatitis type B and 5 asymptomatic carriers) was performed to clarify the roles of HBe antigen (HBeAg), HB surface antigen (HBsAg) and HB core antigen (HBcAg). In this study, the Gudat classification was modified so as to classify the patterns of HB antigens into six reaction types including: type O (negative for both liver HBsAg and liver HBcAg), type III-A (characterized by a spotty HBsAg pattern) and type III-B (characterized from a sub-lobular to lobular HBsAg localization pattern). This classification enabled accurate prediction of the prognosis of hepatitis. Patients with positive serum HBeAg had either minimal hepatitis with mild clinical features or chronic aggressive hepatitis with severe clinical features. Ten patients negative for both HBeAg and HBeAb were all positive for liver HBcAg. In all 3 patients on corticosteroid administrations liver tissue was markedly positive for HBcAg and serum was usually positive for HBeAb.</p>
キーワード HBs antigen HBc antigen HBe antigen hepatitis B virus hepatitis type B chronic hepatitis type B chronic hepatitis
Amo Type Article
発行日 1979-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
33巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 121
終了ページ 131
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 157670
NAID 120002311621
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32003
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Yoshida, Yasuhiro| Higashi, Toshihiro| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Nakatsukasa, Harushige| Nakamura, Shin-ichiro| Watanabe, Akiharu| Tsuji, Takao|
抄録 <p>Hepatic encephalopathy is one of the major complications in decompensated liver cirrhosis. The current study was conducted to clarify the mechanisms of zinc deficiency in liver cirrhosis and its involvement in hepatic encephalopathy via ammonia metabolism. Ten patients each with compensated or decompensated liver cirrhosis and 11 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. Serum zinc levels and its daily urinary excretion were measured, an oral zinc-tolerance test was performed to examine zinc malabsorption, and the effects of diuretics on zinc excretion and of zinc supplementation on ammonia metabolism in the skeletal muscle were studied. The mean serum zinc levels in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis were found to be significantly lower than the levels in controls and patients with compensated liver cirrhosis. The serum zinc levels were inversely correlated with blood ammonia in the fasting state. In the oral zinc-tolerance test, the percent increase in serum zinc levels 120 and 180 min after ingestion was less in cirrhotic patients than in controls. A diuretic administration resulted in a significant reduction in serum zinc levels. An increased uptake of ammonia by and an increased release of glutamine from leg skeletal muscle after oral supplementation of zinc sulfate were evident. Taken together, zinc deficiency in decompensated cirrhotic patients appears to be due to low absorption and to high urinary excretion, for which excessive diuretic administration is, in part, responsible, and zinc supplementation might play an important role in the prevention of hepatic encephalopathy by activating glutamine synthetase.</p>
キーワード zinc ammonia liver cirrhosis hepatic encephalopathy
Amo Type Article
発行日 2001-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
55巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 349
終了ページ 355
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 11779097
Web of Science KeyUT 000172838400005