Kobayashi, Sayo Okayama Univ, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Gastroenterol & Hepatol
Nouso, Kazuhiro Okayama Univ, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Mol Hepatol
Onishi, Hideki Okayama Univ, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Mol Hepatol
Ikeda, Fusao Okayama Univ, Grad Sch Med Dent & Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Mol Hepatol
Aim: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common clinical problem all over the world. Fucosylated hemopexin (Fuc-Hpx) is a newly reported glycoprotein for the diagnosis of HCC, however, its clinical implications are unclear. The aim of this study was to elucidate the clinical utility of Fuc-Hpx in Japanese patients with HCC. Methods: The sera from 331 HCC patients, 45 with liver cirrhosis (LC), 85 with chronic hepatitis (CH) and 22 healthy people were examined for the expression of Fuc-Hpx; the level was compared with clinical parameters as well as hemopexin (Hpx) expression. The expressions of Fuc-Hpx in 12 HCC tissues and corresponding adjacent non-cancerous liver tissues were also examined. Results: No correlation was observed between Hpx and Fuc-Hpx level. The median Fuc-Hpx levels in healthy people and CH, LC and HCC patients were 3.8, 3.7, 6.1 and 7.6 AU/mL, respectively (CH vs LC, P = 0.002; CH vs HCC, P < 0.001; LC vs HCC, P = 0.02). Multivariate analysis revealed that low albumin, low prothrombin time and the presence of HCC were significantly correlated with high Fuc-Hpx (P = 0.013, =0.001 and <0.001, respectively). Among the HCC patients, albumin was correlated with high Fuc-Hpx; however, none of the tumor factors, such as tumor size, tumor number and tumor stage, was correlated with Fuc-Hpx level. The expression of Fuc-Hpx in cancer tissue was not different from that in non-cancerous tissue. Conclusion: Fuc-Hpx is a valuable biomarker for HCC but it might be a marker for hypercarcinogenic liver rather than a marker for tumor-bearing liver.
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