JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31717
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Zoricic, Sanja| Bobinac, Dragica| Lah, Boris| Maric, Ivana| Cvijanovic, Olga| Bajak, Snjezana| Golubovic, Vesna| Mihelic, Radovan|
抄録 <p>Different bone allografts (pasteurized, autoclaved, and frozen) were compared based on their osteoinductive properties. Our primary purpose was to examine the biologic qualities of pasteurized allografts, as pasteurization inactivates most viruses transmitted by transplantation. Frozen, pasteurized, and autoclaved allografts were packed into a standard defect of rabbit ulna. The animals were sacrificed at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery. The parts of bones with experimental defects were explored en bloc, and a roentgenogram was carried out. Ulna bone samples were then embedded in methyl-methacrylate. Roentgenograms showed that after 2 weeks, calluses were well-formed, but irregular in shape in all 3 types of allografts. After 4 weeks, the calluses were regular in shape in all but the autoclaved grafts. After 2 weeks, the healing processes had begun in the frozen and pasteurized grafts, with the reaching approximately the same stage, while in the autoclaved grafts these processes were not seen and the bone particles were surrounded by connective tissue without any changes. After 4 weeks, osteoinductive processes were very strong, with the first signs of complete bone remodeling at the bone edges of the defect in pasteurized and frozen allografts. The osteoinductive values of these 2 types were very high and similar. Autoclaved allografts, on the other hand, had very low osteoinductive values, as they were still at the very beginning of the healing process. Histomorphometric analysis revealed a significant difference in both newly formed osteoid thickness and osteoblast number per microm of bone surface in all experimental groups (P &#60; 0.005). Values of osteoid thickness and osteoblast number were significantly higher in both frozen and pasteurized grafts when compared with the autoclaved ones (P &#60; 0.005). Osteogenic properties of pasteurized bone allografts were preserved, and the allografts have been gradually replaced with newly formed bone. As such, pasteurized bone grafts from a bone bank have approximately the same biologic validity as frozen grafts, while autoclaved grafts impair bone healing.</p>
キーワード bone allograft pasteurization headling rabbits
Amo Type Article
発行日 2002-06
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
56巻
3号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 121
終了ページ 128
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 12108582
Web of Sience KeyUT 000176521200001
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32283
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Bajek, Snjezana| Bobinac, Dragica| Bajek, Goran| Vranic, Tamara Soic| Lah, Boris| Dragojevic, Daniela Malnar|
抄録 <p>A study was conducted to analyze the distribution and diameter of muscle fiber types in samples of the medial paravertebral lumbar muscle, i.e., multifidus muscle, obtained from 76 patients who underwent surgery for disc herniation. The samples were compared with 41 control samples of corresponding muscle tissue taken from 41 young healthy subjects who had died a sudden death. Histochemical analysis of fibers associated with myofibrillar adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) revealed the presence of Type I fibers (slow-twitch fibers) and of Type IIA and IIB fibers (fast-twitch fibers) in both the experimental and control samples. The respective percentage of muscle fibers was calculated and their diameters were measured. Type I fibers predominated in both groups and were significantly larger in diameter than Type IIA and IIB fibers. Both fast-twitch fiber types were distributed in almost equal proportions in the healthy women. In the healthy men, Type IIA fibers prevailed. In the healthy females, the percentage of Type I fibers was found to be slightly higher than in the males, but the diameter of all fiber types was respectively smaller. In the females who had undergone surgery, Type I fibers were significantly larger in diameter than those of the healthy subjects. On the other hand, the diameters of all muscle fiber types were significantly larger, and the percentage of both fast-twitch fibers were Idwer in the samples from men who underwent surgery, as compared to the healthy tissue samples. The morphometric changes in the multifidus muscle at the level of the protruded disc observed by the histochemical method for demonstration of myofibrillar ATPase could not be related to the compressed nerve root in the majority of cases in our study.</p>
キーワード multifidus muscle histochemistry disc herniation muscle fiber types
Amo Type Article
発行日 2000-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
54巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 235
終了ページ 241
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 11132916
Web of Sience KeyUT 000166042900001