JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/56930
フルテキストURL 73_4_285.pdf
著者 Otani, Yoshihiro| Ichikawa, Tomotsugu| Kurozumi, Kazuhiko| Date, Isao|
抄録 Gliomas are characterized as highly diffuse infiltrating tumors, and currently available treatments such as surgery, radiation and chemotherapy are unfeasible or show limited efficacy against these tumors. Recent genetic and epigenetic analyses of glioma have revealed increasing evidence of the role of driver genetic alterations in glioma development and led to the identification of prognostic factors. Despite these findings, the survival rates of glioma patients remain low, and alternative treatments and novel targets are needed. Recent studies identified neural stem cells as the possible origin of gliomas, and some evidence has revealed shared functions and mechanisms between glioma cells and neurons, also supporting their similarity. The cytoskeleton plays important roles in the migration of normal cells as well as cancer cells. Recent reports have described a role for microtubules, a component of the cytoskeleton, in glioma invasion. Notably, several factors that regulate microtubule functions, such as microtubule-associated proteins, plus-end tracking proteins, or motor proteins, are upregulated in glioma tissues compared with normal tissue, and upregulation of these factors is associated with high invasiveness of glioma cells. In this review, we describe the mechanism of microtubules in glioma invasion and discuss the possibility of microtubule-targeted therapy to inhibit glioma invasion.
キーワード glioma cytoskeletons invasion microtubules
Amo Type Review
発行日 2019-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
73巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 285
終了ページ 297
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2019 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 31439951
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55666
フルテキストURL 72_1_73.pdf
著者 Umakoshi, Michiari| Yasuhara, Takao| Toyoshima, Atsuhiko| Sasada, Susumu| Kusumegi, Akira| Morimoto, Jun| Kin, Kyohei| Tomita, Yousuke| Date, Isao|
抄録 The spinal extradural arachnoid cyst is a rare entity. Obtaining the correct diagnosis and detecting the fistula location are critical for providing effective treatment. A 41-year-old man had numbness in the soles of his feet for 2 years with accompanying gait disturbance, and a defecation disorder. Computed tomography myelography performed at another hospital revealed an epidural arachnoid cyst from Th11 to L2. He received a subarachnoid-cyst shunt at the rostral part of the cyst. However, his symptoms worsened and he was admitted to our hospital. Neuroradiological investigations revealed the correct location of the fistula at the level of Th12. We performed partial removal of the cyst wall with fistula closure via right hemilaminectomy of Th11 and 12. The complete closure of the fistula was confirmed by intrathecal infusion of artificial cerebrospinal fluid through the shunt tube. The shunt tube was removed with the sutures. The patient’s symptoms improved, although numbness remained in his bilateral heels. There has been no recurrence in 15 months since the surgery. Fistula closure may work as a balanced therapeutic strategy for spinal extradural arachnoid cyst, and intrathecal cerebrospinal fluid infusion is useful for the confirmation of complete fistula closure.
キーワード fistula closure intrathecal infusion microscopic surgery preoperative evaluation recurrence
Amo Type Case Report
発行日 2018-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
72巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 73
終了ページ 76
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2018 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 29463942