JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32839
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Kirimi, Ercan| Tuncer, Oguz| Arslan, Sukru| Atas, Bulent| Caksen, Huseyin| Uner, Abdurrahman| Oner, Ahmet Faik| Odabas, Dursun|
抄録 <p>In this study the clinical and laboratory findings of 48 children with purulent meningitis were examined, prospectively, to determine the prognostic factors in childhood meningitis in a developing country. Patients were examined for the following variables: history of antibiotic use; period between onset of symptoms and hospital admission; age at presentation; sex; fever; convulsion; level of consciousness; malnutrition; anemia; leukocyte and thrombocyte counts; erythrocyte sedimentation rate; serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level; and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) including white blood cell count; glucose, protein, and CRP concentrations; antibiotic treatment; neurological sequelae; and fatality rate during the hospital stay. Most of these parameters were re-evaluated in all patients 36-48 h after admission. Patients were divided into 3 groups: surviving without sequelae, surviving with sequelae, and not surviving (deceased). A total of 48 children, 19 girls (39.5%) and 29 boys (60.5%), aged 2 months to 13 years, were included in the study. Of the 48 patients, 29 (60.5 %) survived without sequelae, 13 (27%) survived with sequelae and 6 (12.5%) died. In a comparison among groups, we found that absence of anemia, low (&#60; 1,000) CSF white blood cell (WBC) count, and high CRP level at admission were the indicative of poor prognosis. Thirty-six to 48 h after admission, the presence of fever, depressed level of consciousness, high (&#62; 1,000) CSF WBC count, and low CRP level were also poor prognostic factors. In addition, we observed that mortality rate was lower in the penicillin G + chloramphenicol group than in the ampicillin-sulbactam + cefotaxime group (P &#60; 0.05). The mean period between onset of symptoms and hospital admission was longer in the surviving with sequelae and in the not surviving groups than in the surviving without sequelae group (P &#60; 0.05).</p>
キーワード purulent meningitis prognosis prospective study
Amo Type Article
発行日 2003-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
57巻
1号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 39
終了ページ 44
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 12765223
Web of Sience KeyUT 000181198200006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32827
フルテキストURL fulltext.pdf
著者 Irmak, Hasan| Buzgan, Turan| Karahocagil, Mustafa Kasim| Sakarya, Nurten| Akdeniz, Hayrettin| Caksen, Huseyin| Demiroz, Pekcan|
抄録 <p>Anthrax is essentially a disease of grazing herbivorous animals. The most common form of the disease is cutaneous anthrax, which accounts for 95% of all cases. We report here 39 cutaneous anthrax cases in humans that were seen in Eastern Anatolia over a six-year period. The clinical presentation was malignant edema in 16 of the cases (41%) and malignant pustule in 23 (59%). A secondary bacterial infection was present in 13 patients (33.3%) in the vicinity of the lesions. The agent was observed using Gram-stained smears in 25 patients (64%), and Bacillus anthracis was isolated from 15 patients (38.5%). All of the patients were treated with penicillin G or penicillin procaine, except one patient who had a penicillin allergy. One patient with cervical edema (2.5%) died as a result of laryngeal edema and sepsis syndrome. In conclusion, we found that the appearance of the skin lesion of cutaneous anthrax may vary, and this fact, combined with the rarity of this disease, which contributes to a general lack of experience among medical personnel, may make diagnosis difficult in nonagricultural settings</p>
キーワード cutaneous anthrax clinical findings treatment prognosis
Amo Type Article
発行日 2003-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
57巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 235
終了ページ 240
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 14679401
Web of Sience KeyUT 000186186000004