Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
1349-6115
43
2009
FDTD Simulations of Acoustic Waves in Two-Dimensional
Phononic Crystals using Parallel Computer
16
21
EN
Kenji
Tsuruta
Chieko
Totsuji
Hiroo
Totsuji
The finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method has been applied to the calculation of the phonon band structure of two-dimensional (2D) phononic crystals, consisting of metal cylinders placed periodically in liquid. By comparing several combinations of materials for metal cylinder and liquid, we analyze the dependence of the band structures on sound speed and density of liquid media. Moreover, the negative refraction of the acoustic waves is observed at the interfaces between phononic crystal slab and the liquid. We find that an acousticglens effecthwith the slab appears due to the negative refractions. The relationship between the focal intensity in the lens effect and the band structure is discussed.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
1349-6115
43
2009
Information Transfer and Entanglement Creation by Spin Chains: Effects of Noise and Asymmetry
22
26
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
For the transfer of quantum information and the creation of entangled states, the application of tuned spin chains, systems of spins with the nearest-neighbor coupling tuned so as to give high efficiency, has been proposed and some examples of high performance have been given by several authors. In this article, the effect of deviations from tuned values and the effect of resultant asymmetry are investigated through numerical simulations and theoretical analyses. It is shown that there exists a system where the transfer efficiency is comparable with exactly tuned ones and, at the same time, robust to noises in the coupling constants. It is also shown that the effect of asymmetry on the efficiency of entanglement creation is of the second order when the asymmetry is small.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
1349-6115
43
2009
Dispersion Models and Electromagnetic FDTD Analyses of
Nanostructured Metamaterials using Parallel Computer
8
15
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
Metamaterial which has negative permittivity and permeability is investigated via computer simulations. Effects of the nanostructure on dielectric and magnetic properties of the material are taken into account by introducing the Drude-Lorentz model in the materials dispersion. We include multi-band process in the dielectric response in order to reproduce accurately experimental values of bulk Au thin film. Size effect on the dispersion is examined by comparing the model with that of a noble metal particle. Based on the dispersion model constructed, we analyze the electromagnetic response of nanostructured metamaterials to evanescent waves at microwave and optical frequencies via finite-difference time-domain simulatioins on parallel computer. A re- focusing and an amplification of the evanescent waves propagating through a metamaterial, consisting of metal
slab/vacuum stacking, is demonstrated for the frequencies of 30GHz and 744THz.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
42
1
2008
Spin Polarization of Two-Dimensional Electron System in a Finite Domain
56
59
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
We analyze the ground state of the two-dimensional quantum system of electrons confined in a parabolic potential with the system size around 100. We map the system onto a classical system on the basis of the classical-map hypernetted-chain (CHNC) method which has been proven to work in the integral-equation-based analyses of uniform unbounded systems and then apply classical numerical simulations. We find that the confined system undergoes the transition to the spin polarized state with the decrease of the average density and the corresponding critical value is as low as rs ∼ 0.3 in terms of the usual rs parameter estimated for the average density. As the ground state
for given value of the rs parameter, our data give the critical value for the transition around 20 which
is consistent with the known possibility. The advantage of our method is a direct applicability to geometrically complex systems which are difficult to analyze by integral equations. The application to the structure like quantum dots reported here is the first example of such applications.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
42
1
2008
Vibrational Properties of Si Crystal with Vacancy : A Tight-Binding Study
44
47
EN
Kenji
Tsuruta
Chieko
Totsuji
Hiroo
Totsuji
To analyze vibrational properties of Si crystal with a single charge-neutral vacancy, we perform large-scale simulations based on tight-binding molecular-dynamics method.
Vibrational modes and frequencies are obtained by diagonalizing dynamical matrix within a harmonic approximation. Results indicate that there exist vibrational modes spatially localized around the vacancy and large frequency shifts associated with the localized
modes contribute significantly to reduction of the vibrational free energy.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
42
1
2008
Numerical Simulations of Two-dimensional Electron Fluid :
An Application of Classical-map Hypernetted-chain Method
48
52
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
Based on the mapping introduced by the classical-map hypernetted-chain (CHNC) method, classical
numerical simulations, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics, have been applied to the twodimensional
electron fluid and the results are compared with those of quantum Monte Carlo simulations
hitherto reported. It is shown that polarization properties of the ground state obtained by the diffusion Monte Carlo method are reproduced within the accuracy of quantum simulations by both of two mapping functions for the quantum temperature which have been proposed within the
CHNC method. These results may serve as the basis of numerical simulations based on the CHNC method which are applicable to finite non-periodic systems like quantum dots and systems at finite temperatures.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
40
1
2006
Melting of Spherical Yukawa Clusters Analyzed by Monte Carlo
Simulation
31
35
EN
Takafumi
Ogawa
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
We analyze the melting of spherical Yukawa clusters by Monte Carlo simulations. Spherical clusters are expected to be found in dusty plasmas in an isotropic environment such as microgravity and serve as a model for classical clusters. We obtain the specific heat through fluctuations of the potential energy and identify its peak as the transition temperature. Melting temperatures are compared with those of bulk Yukawa systems and it is confirmed that the melting temperature increases and approaches the bulk value with the increase of the system size.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
40
1
2006
Stochastic-Dierence-Equation Method for Long Time-scale
Molecular Dynamics Simulations
36
39
EN
Atsushi
Uchida
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
We present a Stochastic-Difference-Equation (SDE) approach to long time-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, which are required for nanosecond-scale phenomena. In this method, the MD trajectory in a fixed time period is obtained as a stationary solution of an action functional
based on an error accumulation of the equation of motion along the path, thus reducing the problem to a boundary-value problem, instead of an initial-value problem in the ordinary MD method. We apply the method to formation processes of Cu thin film via nanocluster deposition onto a substrate.
The applicability of the SDE algorithm to the problem and the effects of the choice of SDE parameters on the optimization processes of configuration pathway are examined.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
40
1
2006
Distribution of Electrons in Quantum Dots Analyzed by Classical Mapping and Molecular Dynamics
40
43
EN
Miyake
Takashi
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
The electron system of arbitrary degeneracy can be mapped onto a classical system where electrons of the same spin are assigned an additional interaction and the effect of degeneracy is taken into account through an imaginative temperature. We apply this method to electrons in quantum dots modeled as two-dimensional electron liquid confined in a finite domain by a harmonic potential. We analyze distribution functions by molecular dynamics instead of solving integral equations which are not so useful in the case without translational invariance.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
39
1
2005
Electron Dynamics in Semiconducting Nanowires: A Real-Space,
Polynomial-Expansion Approach
46
51
EN
Keisuke
Kadono
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
We present a real-space, polynomial-expansion approach to electron dynamics in nanostructured semiconductors. The Chebyshev expansion method is employed for efficient calculation of timeevolution of single-electron wave function. Details of the formulation are described. The method is applied to the electron transport in nanostructured semiconductors such as Si nanowires. The
mean-square displacement and diffusivity of electron in Si chains are obtained as functions of length of the chains. The results show clearly ballistic behavior of electron in the pure Si chain.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
39
1
2005
Large-Scale Molecular Dynamics Simulation of Coulomb
Clusters: A Finite-Temperature Analysis
52
55
EN
Katsuya
Kanamori
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
Thermal behavior of Coulomb clusters in a three dimensional confining potential is investigated by molecular dynamics simulations for system sizes of 1,000 to 20,288 ions. The specific heat of the system of shell-structured 20,000 ions is peaked almost at the same temperature as the system of
bcc-structured 20,288 ions with much sharper structure for the latter. The diffusion coefficient and the peak to valley ratio of the two-dimensional pair distribution function on the outermost shell are obtained both as a function of temperature. The rotational movement of each shell in the system
of 104 ions is observed.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
35
1-2
2001
Nonorthogonal Tight-Binding Molecular Dynamics for Si(1-x)Ge(x) Alloys
63
75
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
We present a theoretical study of Si(1-x)Ge(x) alloys based on tight-binding molecular dynamics (TBMD) calculations. First, we introduce a new set of nonorthogonal tight-binding parameters for silicon and germanium based on the previous work by Menon and Subbaswamy [Phys. Rev. B 55, 9231 (1997); J. Phys: Condens. Matter 10, 10991 (1998)]. We then apply the method to structural analyses of Si(1-x)Ge(x) alloys. The equilibrium volume and atomic structure for a given x are obtained by the TBMD method. We also calculate the bulk modulus B, elastic constants C(11), C(12) and C(44) as a function of x. The results show that the moduli vary monotonically, but nonlinearly, between the values of Si crystal and Ge crystal. The validity of the results is also discussed.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
35
1-2
2001
Molecular Dynamics of Yukawa System using the Fast Multipole Method
77
95
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
In order to perform the large-scale molecular dynamics simulation of the Yukawa system, a mathematical expression for molecular dynamics using the fast multipole method is described. The model simulations are also performed to test
the performance of our implementation of the FMM.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
33
2
1999
O(N) Tight-Binding Algorithm for Large-Scale Molecular Dynamics Simulations
71
77
EN
Kenji
Tsuruta
Hiroo
Totsuji
Chieko
Totsuji
A parallel tight-binding molecular dynamics with an order-N [O(N))] algorithm is implemented to perform large-scale simulation of nanostructured materials. The algorithm is based on the Fermi-operator expansion of an electronic energy and force, and we present its basic formalisms. Accuracy necessary for molecular-dynamics simulations can be obtained by a proper truncation in the expansion. Parallel efficiency on a parallel PC cluster shows nearly ideal scaling behavior with respect to the number of processors. Applicability of the method to a silicon-carbide system is examined.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
33
2
1999
Density Functional Molecular Dynamics of Hydrogen Plasma
51
59
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Chieko
Totsuji
Density functional molecular dynamics method is applied to hydrogen plasma in the domain of liquid metallic hydrogen. Tentative results for the proton-proton pair distribution function and the electron-proton pair distribution function are obtained. It is shown that with the increase of the parameter (s), we have increasingly strong screening of proton charge by electrons and the decrease of electron density in the domain between protons.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
33
2
1999
Multicomponent Plasmas in Penning-Malmberg Traps
61
69
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Kenji
Tsuruta
Chieko
Totsuji
The behavior of multicomponent plasmas in the Penning-Malmberg traps is discussed with the parameters corresponding to experiments with antiprotons and cryogenic electrons. The relaxation times for the energy transfer antiprotons to electrons and between parallel and perpendicular components of electrons are estimated. It is shown that, depending on the values of parameters, both the former and the latter can be the bottleneck in the cooling process.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
32
1-2
1998
Numerical Analysis of a Model for Isolated Hydrogen Bond
43
54
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Large isotope effects have been observed in various kinds of hydrogen bonded ferro / antiferroelectrics. In clariflying their origin, themodynamic properties of the hydrogen bond are of essential importance. Two numerical methods are applied to analyze the model for isolated hydrogen bond at finite temperatures and the results of excited energy levels of proton or deuteron are examined. It is found that the second excited state is not far enough from the first excited state to be neglected discussing themodynamic properties of hydrogen especially in their ordered states.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
32
1-2
1998
Structure of Yukawa (Dusty Plasma) Mixtures
23
41
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Tokunari
Kishimoto
Chieko
Totsuji
Parameters characterizing the structure ot confined Yukawa system are estimated for 'dusty plasmas', clouds of charged macroscopic particles formed near the boundary between plasma and the sheath and leviated by negatively biased electrode. When we have dust particles with different ratios of charge to mass, they form a two-dimensional Yukawa mixture or separate two-dimensional one-companent Yukawa systems, depending on the charge density in the sheath and number density of dust particles. In order to provide a basis for numerical simulations on Yukawa mixtures including Coulombic case, we summarize mathematical expressions necessary for molecular dynamics.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
31
1
1996
Structure of Dusty Plasma as Yukawa System Confined in One-Dimensional External Fields
19
33
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Tokunari
Kishimoto
Chieko
Totsuji
As a model of dusty plasmas in external fields, Yuka.wa system in a one-dimensional external field is analyzed by molecular dynamics simulations and theoretical approaches. It is shown that particles form clear thin layers (sheets) at low temperatures and the number of layers changes discretely with characteristic parameters of the system, accompanying the rearrangements of whole system from nearly equipartitioned layers to also nearly equipartitioned layers. The number, positions and populations of layers are obtained as functions of characteristic parameters. The shell (sheet) model which has been successful for confined one-component plasmas is extended to this system and results of numerical experiments are reproduced to a good accuracy. The effect of cohesive energy in each layer is of essential importance to reproduce discrete changes in the number of sheets.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
30
2
1996
A Simple Model for Oxygen Conduction in Some Perovskite Compounds
39
43
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
A simple model for oxygen ion conduction in perovskite compounds is proposed. The potential for an oxygen ion is calculated as the sum of the long range Coulomb potential and short range repulsive potential in a cubic lattice. The activation energy is estimated as the difference in the values of potential at the barrier and at the stable site. When appropriate conditions are satisfied, the activation energy has a minimum as a function of lattice constant in accordance with recent experiments.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
30
2
1996
Yukawa System in One-Dimensional External Field
27
37
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Tokunari
Kishimoto
Chieko
Totsuji
The behavior of the Yukawa system in external one-dimensional force fields is analyzed by the molecular dynamics simulation. The formation of layered structures at low temperatures is observed and the relation between the number of layers and characteristic parameters of the system is obtained. Since the Yukawa system serves as a model of clouds of dust particles in plasmas (dusty plasma) which play an important role in plasma processes of semiconductor engineering, the results may be useful to control the quality of semiconductor wafers in such processes. In simulations, periodic boundary conditions are
imposed in two dimensions and deformations of periodic boundaries are allowed in order to reduce the effect of boundaries without giving too much constraint on the symmetry.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
30
1
1995
Electronic Structure of Mixed Perovskite Oxides
89
97
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Hiroo
Totsuji
Based on the tight-binding method, electronic bands of the mixed perovskite oxides are calculated in order to develop the electronic theory of ferroelectric phase transitions in these mixtures which are difficult to describe within the phenomenological theories. Diagonal elements of Hamiltonian matrix of parent materials are assumed to differ by 0.1eV and mixtures are simulated by lattices of supercells containing 2(3) = 8 or 3(3) = 27 unit cells randomly assigned to either material. The width of the conduction and valence bands have maxima and the band gap has a minimum at intermediate mixing ratio. Results are in agreement with those of other analyses on random systems and even 2(3)-cell computation seems to serve as a first approximation for our purpose.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
30
1
1995
Molecular Dynamics of Yukawa System (Dust Plasma) with Deformable Periodic Boundary Conditions: Formulation
75
87
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Yoshihiko
Inoue
Tokunari
Kishimoto
Chieko
Totsuji
Shigetoshi
Nara
Molecular dynamics of the Yukawa system, the system of particles interacting via the Yukawa or the screened Coulomb potential, are formulated for various statistical ensembles and external conditions. The Yukawa potential smoothly interpolates the long-range Coulomb and the short-range interactions by adjusting a single parameter, the
screening length. In order to reduce the effect of boundaries, the periodic boundary conditions are imposed and the deformations of the fundamental vectors of periodicity are taken into account. Ewald-type expressions for interaction energy, force, and kinematic pressure are
given explicitly.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
29
2
1995
The Electronic Structure of C(60) Molecule -Structure of -electron Band-
67
76
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
The -electron band of C(60) molecule has been obtained by the tight binding approximation. Application of molecular orbital wave functions derived on the basis of the optimized bond orbital model gives, with simpler calculations, the results in satisfactory agreement with those of previous theoretical analyses.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
29
1
1994
Note on the Electronic Structure of C(60) Molecule
15
22
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
Takeo
Matsubara
Masumi
Obuchi
A molecular orbital approach to the electronic structure of C(60) molecule is formulated on the basis of optimized bond orbital model and the stability of the truncated icosahedron structure is examined.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
29
1
1994
Electronic States in Semiconductor Quantum Dot with Fluctuating Interfaces
7
14
EN
Hiroo
Totsuji
Shigetoshi
Nara
Chieko
Totsuji
Effects of interface fluctuations on the electronic states in semiconductor quantum dots are analyzed on the basis of numerical solutions for ground state wave functions and
energy eigenvalues. It is shown that the effective volume of confinement becomes smaller than the real volume of quantum dots due to fluctuation. This effect comes from the
fact that the wave functions with larger characteristic wavelength are not able to deform themselves following the fluctuation of interfaces exactly.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
28
2
1994
Note on the Piezoelectric Constant of PbZrO(3)-PbTiO(3)(PZT)
53
58
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
One of the best known solid solution of perovskites is the PbTiO(3)-PbZrO(3) system which is usually abbreviated as PZT. In the phase diagram of this system, there is a drastic phase change from tetragonal to rhombohedral at the molar ratio around 50:50. The PZT crystals are widely used as a practical piezoelectric material because of its very strong piezoelectric effect near this morphotropic phase boundary. We try to explain this anomaly in piezoelectric constant by a phenomenological theory.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.
Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Acta Medica Okayama
0475-0071
28
1
1993
A Simple Model for Hydrogen-Bonding Ferroelectrics
39
50
EN
Chieko
Totsuji
There are some substances in which their hydrogen bonds are considered to play quite important roles in their ferroelectric or antiferroelectric phase transition. These ferroelectrics usually have large isotope effects in phase transition temperatures and we expect the physics of hydrogen bonds is closely related to the effects. We propose a simple model describing the isolated hydrogen bond. Based on quantum-mechanical analyses of this model, we study the difference between the behavior of a proton and a deuteron in hydrogen bonds.
No potential conflict of interest relevant to this article was reported.