JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54987
フルテキストURL 71_2_179.pdf
著者 Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Tsukahara, Kohei| Knaup, Emily| Yabuuchi, Toshihiko| Kikkawa, Tomonobu| Fujii, Yosuke| Yashiro, Masato| Yasuhara, Takao| Okada, Ayumi| Ugawa, Toyomu| Nakao, Atsunori| Tsukahara, Hirokazu| Date, Isao|
抄録 Newly published clinical practice guidelines recommend intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in critical care for the management of pediatric acute encephalopathy (pAE), but the utility of ICP monitoring for pAE has been poorly studied. We recently performed direct ICP monitoring for two patients. We observed that although the direct ICP monitoring had clinical benefits with less body weight gain and no vasopressor use in both cases, this monitoring technique is still invasive. Future studies should determine the utility of non-invasive ICP monitoring systems in pAE to further improve the quality of intensive-care management.
キーワード cerebral perfusion encephalopathy child intracranial pressure neurological intensive care
Amo Type Short Communication
発行日 2017-04
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
71巻
2号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 179
終了ページ 180
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2017 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 28420900
著者 Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Okada, Ayumi| Tsukahara, Hirokazu|
発行日 2017-02
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
71巻
1号
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54819
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54805
フルテキストURL 70_6_435.pdf
著者 Yamashita, Miho| Hasegawa, Kosei| Higuchi, Yousuke| Miyai, Takayuki| Okada, Ayumi| Tanaka, Hiroyuki| Tsukahara, Hirokazu|
抄録 The urinary cross-linked N-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (uNTx) levels in infantile osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) have not been well studied. Here we investigated the levels of uNTx in infants with OI and healthy infants. We collected spot urine samples from 30 infants with OI (male/female, 14/16; Sillence classification, I/II/III/IV: 15/3/6/6; age, 5.2±4.4 months) and 120 healthy infants (male/female, 75/45; age, 5.1±4.1 months) for the measurement of uNTx levels. The uNTx levels of the OI infants were significantly lower than those of the healthy infants (mean±SD, 1,363.7±530.1 vs. 2,622.2±1,202.6 nmol BCE/mmol Cr; p<0.001). The uNTx levels of the infants with type I OI were significantly lower than those of the age-matched healthy infants, although an overlap was observed between the 2 groups. Among the 1-month-old infants, the uNTx levels of the infants with types I, III or IV OI were significantly lower than those of the healthy infants, without overlap (1,622.5±235.8 vs. 3,781.0±1,027.1 nmol BCE/mmol Cr; p<0.001). These results indicate that uNTx levels are significantly lower in infants with OI than in healthy infants, and they suggest that uNTx might be useful as a reference for diagnosing OI.
キーワード bone resorption marker bone turnover bone mass
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2016-12
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
70巻
6号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 435
終了ページ 439
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 28003667
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54500
フルテキストURL 70_4_255.pdf
著者 Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Fujiwara, Takeo| Knaup, Emily| Okada, Ayumi| Tsukahara, Hirokazu|
抄録 Estimation methods for pediatric weight have not been evaluated for Japanese children. This study aimed to assess the accuracy of mothersʼ reports of their childrenʼs weight in Japan. We also evaluated potential alternatives to the estimation of weight, including the Broselow tape (BT), Advanced Pediatric Life Support (APLS), and Parkʼs formulae. We prospectively collected cross-sectional data on a convenience sample of 237 children aged less than 10 years who presented to a general pediatric outpatient clinic with their mothers. Each weight estimation method was evaluated using Bland-Altman plots and by calculating the proportion within 10 and 20 of the measured weight. Mothersʼ reports of weight were the most accurate method, with 94.9 within 10 of the measured weight, the lowest mean difference (0.27kg), and the shortest 95 limit of agreement (-1.4 to 1.9kg). The BT was the most reliable alternative, followed by APLS and Parkʼs formulae. Mothersʼ reports of their children ʼs weight are more accurate than other weight estimation methods. When no report of a childʼs weight by the mother is available, BT is the best alternative. When an aged-based formula is the only option, the APLS formula is preferred.
キーワード body weight child estimation techniques mothers, parents
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2016-08
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
70巻
4号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 255
終了ページ 259
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 27549669
Web of Sience KeyUT 000384748600004
タイトル(別表記) Basic and clinical research regarding vascular endothelial function
フルテキストURL 127_187.pdf
著者 塚原 宏一|
キーワード アルギニン代謝 一酸化窒素 ガス生物学 血管内皮学 酸化ストレス
出版物タイトル 岡山医学会雑誌
発行日 2015-12-01
127巻
3号
開始ページ 187
終了ページ 195
ISSN 0030-1558
言語 Japanese
著作権者 Copyright (c) 2015 岡山医学会
論文のバージョン publisher
DOI 10.4044/joma.127.187
NAID 130005116819
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53674
フルテキストURL 69_5_279.pdf
著者 Saito, Yukie| Fujii, Yousuke| Yashiro, Masato| Tsuge, Mitsuru| Nosaka, Nobuyuki| Yamashita, Nobuko| Yamada, Mutsuko| Tsukahara, Hirokazu| Morishima, Tsuneo|
抄録 Lung hyperpermeability affects the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but therapeutic strategies for the control of microvascular permeability have not been established. We examined the effects of edaravone, dexamethasone, and N-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) on permeability changes in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVEC) under a hypercytokinemic state. Human PMVEC were seeded in a Boyden chamber. After monolayer confluence was achieved, the culture media were replaced respectively by culture media containing edaravone, dexamethasone, and L-NMMA. After 24-h incubation, the monolayer was stimulated with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Fluorescein-labeled dextran was added. Then the trans-human PMVEC leak was measured. Expressions of vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin) and zonula occludens-1 protein (ZO-1) were evaluated using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence microscopy. The results showed that TNF-α+IL-1β markedly increased pulmonary microvascular permeability. Pretreatment with edaravone, dexamethasone, or L-NMMA attenuated the hyperpermeability and inhibited the cytokine-induced reduction of VE-cadherin expression on immunofluorescence staining. Edaravone and dexamethasone increased the expression of ZO-1 at both the mRNA and protein levels. Edaravone and dexamethasone inhibited the permeability changes of human PMVEC, at least partly through an enhancement of VE-cadherin. Collectively, these results suggest a potential therapeutic approach for intervention in patients with ARDS.
キーワード pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells permeability edaravone vascular endothelial-cadherin zonula occludens-1 protein
Amo Type Original Article
発行日 2015-10
出版物タイトル Acta Medica Okayama
69巻
5号
出版者 Okayama University Medical School
開始ページ 279
終了ページ 290
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
資料タイプ 学術雑誌論文
言語 English
著作権者 CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
論文のバージョン publisher
査読 有り
PubMed ID 26490025
Web of Sience KeyUT 000365519600004