Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published by the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
ONLINE ISSN : 2186-7755

カンキツの水分生理特性の解析に 基づく「マルチ・ドリップ栽培技術」の開発

森永 邦久 岡山大学
抄録
A new cultivation system using drip irrigation and liquid fertilization methods combined with year-round plastic mulching system (DLYM system) was developed, expecting high quality and stable fruit production based on the research results on water relations of Satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu M.), where sugar accumulation in fruit was caused by an increase in translocation of photosynthates into fruit under drought stress.  Water and/or nutrient solution is automatically supplied through the drip tubes laid under mulching sheets to give adequate water stress. Fruit quality was well controlled through the DLYM system. Sugar content of fruit increased by 2 Brix %, and functional components such as β‒cryptoxantin and β‒caroten increased by about 50% compared to juice from fruit grown on control trees. In addition, new technologies were developed, such as hydraulic design support system and water stress indicator sheet.
キーワード
water stress
drip irrigation
mulching
satuma mandarin
備考
研究紹介 (Research Report)
ISSN
2186-7755