Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published by the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
ONLINE ISSN : 2186-7755

β-caryophylleneの植物に対する生育促進作用 および耐病性増進作用の解析

山際 泰夫
豊田 和弘 岡山大学
稲垣 善茂 岡山大学
一瀬 勇規 岡山大学
百町 満朗 岐阜大学大学院
白石 友紀 岡山大学
抄録
A plant growth-promoting fungus, Talaromyces wortmannii strain FS2 was isolated from an agricultural field at Okayama Pref. FS2 enhanced seed germination, root elongation and leaf growth of Brassica rapa var perviridis (Komatsuna). Such plant growth-promoting effect was observed in the same sealed chamber where FS2 was cultured on PDA medium separated from seedlings, suggesting effective volatile compound(s). GC‒MS analysis showed that FS2 emitted at least seven terpenoids, of which a volatile was identified as β‒caryophyllene. β‒caryophyllene alone promoted the growth of cucumber, Nicotiana benthamiana and barley. Furthermore β‒caryophyllene increased the yield of cucumber fruits. Interestingly, we found that β‒caryophyllene conditioned these plants to be resistant to respective diseases caused by Colletotrichum orbiculare, Botrytis cinerea or Blumeria graminis f. sp hordei. The findings indicate that β‒caryophyllene has desirable dual features and therefore, it is available to cultivation of many crops.
キーワード
β-caryophyllene
plant growth-promoting
resistance induction
Talaromyces wortmannii
備考
原著論文 (Original paper)
ISSN
2186-7755