In this paper an attempt is being made to evaluate and elucidate the role of the women of Assam in the freedom struggle of India. The year 1920 had witnessed the outbreak of the great nationalist movement in India
under the leadership of Mohan Das Karamchand Gandhi to make India free from the British bondage. Assam’s contribution to the struggle of Independence as one of its provinces was not in any way less than the rest of the country. Along with the men, the women of Assam also responded to each and every phases of the freedom
movement launched by Gandhiji, namely, the Non−Cooperation Movement (1920 / 21), Civil Disobedience Movement (1930) and the Quit India Movement (1942). They participated in the movement by organizing processions and picketings and undertaking tours to the remotest areas to propagate the message of the movement. They whole−heartedly undertook Gandhiji’s constructive programs like spinning and weaving in large scale along with the task of removal of untouchability and popularization of Hindi as a national language. That is why the glory of the Civil Disobedience Movement in Assam is attributed to the women. In 1942, the Assamese women perhaps surpassed all other women of the country in respect of courage and sacrifice. During
this period they participated in the movement both on non−violent Gandhian way and the revolutionary way. The revolutionary group of women helped their male counterparts in cutting telephone and telegraph lines, burning government buildings and damaging bridges to paralyze the British administration. Such activities led
the government to take repressive measures to suppress the women folk. They were harassed both mentally and physically, which in turn aroused the common people to fight for the noble cause of freedom.