This is a note to treat the fiscal reform in the present People's Republic of China. First I make the general economic survey of People's Republic of China since the beginning of reform and open economic system in 1978 (under the market economy of socialism). Then after reviewing the economic growth, the deficit of central public finance and
the regional economic differences in present China, I refer to such fiscal reforms as tax reform and the reform of intergovernmental fiscal relations. In 1994 China introduced 'bunzeisei', a system of tax division between the central and local governments. In present China, however, there is still no law of local autonomy or no competency for flotation of local debt in local governments. So it is very important to secure tax revenue (including the central government) or debt revenue in local governments and to establish the fiscal adjustment system between
central and local finance.