Popular jingles or MIN-YAO had been strictly prohibited under the Mao regime, and they came to be set free when the modernization policy started as far as they do not deny the communist regime itself. The lifting of prohibition together with the expansion of social inequalities under the open policy brought an unprecedented boom of popular jingles in the latter half of 1980's, and the boom still continues. Oka  tried to indicate the various social problems in today's China through the analysis of over six hundred popular jingles. In this study, I have presented more sufficient references about the following two
points: ① the differences between the political circumstances under which popular jingles have been produced, and ② the true feelings of the
people behind popular jingles toward the open policy and the post Deng Xiaoping. The fitst point is examined by comparing how and why jingles were compiled among the eras of the New Literature Movement, Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. The second point is made clear by studying the various viewpoints of China watchers.