Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

環境汚染物質(重金属など)の生体膜に対する作用 第5報 Cd投与ラットにおける肝,腎ミトコンドリアの酸化的リン酸化反応及びMg投与の影響

長谷川 亨 岡山大学医学部公衆衛生学教室
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Experimental acute intoxication from cadmium chloride in the rat was studied with specific reference to change in the activity of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in the liver and kidney. Various concentrations of cadmium chloride (2.5, 5.0, 10.0 mg/Kg) were given by intraperitoneal injection. Two hours after cadmium injection, the activity of liver and kidney mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation had decreased, suggesting that cadmium uncoupled oxidative phosphorylation in liver and kidney mitochondria. A dose response relationship of cadmium uncoupling was observed in liver mitochondria, but was not observed in kidney mitochondria indicating that kidney mitochondria were more sensitive to cadmium than liver mitochondria were. A single injection of 250 mg/Kg of magnesium chloride prevented the uncoupling action of cadmium in liver mitochondria but not in kidney mitochondria. Magnesium did not prevent the uncoupling action of mercury chloride in liver or kidney mitochondria. The preventive action of magnesium chloride was evident in in vitro liver mitochondria but not in in vitro kidney mitochondria. The effect of magnesium on cadmium action was discussed.