Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

X線照射時に発生せる細胞毒の研究について 第一編 X線照射家兎より抽出した不飽和脂肪酸分画のEhrlich腹水癌,正常肝のコハク酸脱水素系に及ぼす影響について

塩飽 緑 岡山大学医学部放射線医学教室
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There are many investigations on the disturbances caused by x-rays but these works are consisted mainly of histo-morphological researches and rerely from the viewpoint of the acting mechanism of cells. More recently Lea, Barron et al, however, have studied the histochemical changes in the animals irradiated with x-rays and they have clarified the direct action of x-ray irradiation to a certain extent. In our laboratory Dr. Yamamoto has succeeded in isolating a certain cytotoxin from unsaturated fatty acid fraction, an extract of the liver of the rabbits exposed to x-rays. In the subsequent studies with this cytotoxin it has been found that this substance has an inhibitory action on the mitosis of tumor cells. Therfore, we have carried out a series of experiments to see the effect of this substance, in the presence of succinic dehydrogenase, on the respiration of Ehrlich-ascites-tumor cells. As the result it has been confirmed that this cytotoxin possesses an action as to depress both the respiration of the cancer cell and that of normal liver cells.