Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

金属イオンの細菌の呼吸に及ぼす影響 第1篇 細菌体洗滌に依る呼吸減少と之に及ぼす金属イオンの影響

赤沢 広 岡山大学医学部細菌学教室
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This experiment was performed to study the influence of washing on bacterial respiration and, moreover, to study the effects of various mineral ions on it. Organisms: Bacillus dysenteriae (Komagome B III and Ohno's bacillus) Bacillus coli communis, Bacillus coli communior, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus albus, Bacillus pneumoniae, Bacillus pyocyaneus, Bacillus proteus (H and Otype) and Bacillus cholerae. Substrates: glucose, α-ketoglutaric acid, pyruvic acid, succinic acid and malic acid. Mineral ions: Fe(++), Fe(+++), Mg(++), Cu(++) and Zn(++) 1) The decrease of respiration by washing varies according to the species of Organisms and the sorts of substrates. 2) The organisms of which respiration is remarkably decreased by washing are Staphylococcus and Bacillus coli. However, the respiration of Bacillus proteus and Bacillus pneumoniae is little decreased by washing. 3) The substrates in which the washing of organisms results in noticeable decrease of bacterial respiration are glucose and pyruvic acid. However, it shows little decrease in malic acid. 4) The addition of mineral ions can restore the respiration decreased by washing, of which the degree of restoration is, however, different according to the species of organisms and the sorts of substrates. 5) The most effective method for adding the mineral ions is to wash organisms with buffer containing the mineral ions and then suspend the washed organisms in the same buffer as that used for washing.