Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

小児期における脳底動脈血流速度の発達的変化および生理的変動に関する研究

堀内 伊作 岡山大学医学部脳代謝研究施設発達神経科学部門
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抄録
Developmental change of blood flow velocity and pulsatility index (PI) of the basilar artery (BA) were studied, using transcranial Doppler sonography on 137 healthy subjects (68 males and 69 females) from 1 month to 30 years old. Blood flow velocity of the basilar artery increased with age during infancy and childhood, reached the maximum at the age of 5, and then gradually decreased. It ratio to blood flow velocity of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) i.e. MCA/BA showed a constant value irrespective of age. On the other hand, PI of the basilar artery showed a maximum value at infancy, and decreased during 1-2 years of age thereafter, it showed a constant value. Physiological variation of the blood flow velocity of MCA and BA during natural sleep and hyperventilation was also investigeted. There is a close correlation between the optimal pulsed signal depth for the measurement of blood flow velocity of the basilar artery and head circumference, or occipito-frontal diameter.
キーワード
脳循環
脳底動脈
Doppler 法
発達的変化
睡眠
備考
原著
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489