Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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Full-text articles are available 3 years after publication.

白アリ防除剤に関する実験的研究 第2編 クロルピリホスのラットにおけるコリンエステラーゼ活性におよぼす影響

酒井 律江 岡山大学医学部公衆衛生学教室
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抄録
Inhibition of cholinesterase (ChE) activity was examined by experiments on enzyme activity of ChE of rat administered intraperitoneally chlorpyrifos and enzyme kinetic study of ChE in plasma. Plasma ChE activity was inhibited more highly than erythrocyte ChE activity in rat 12 hrs after administration. Plasma ChE activity was recovered 1 month after administration but erythrocyte ChE activity was not recovered. No difference between frontal cortex and striatum ChE activity was recognized. Changes in brain ChE activity was similar to those in erythrocyte ChE activity. PAM affected the inhibition of ChE activity by chlorpyrifos on 3 hrs after administration but other ChE activities were not. Uncompetitive inhibition between chlorpyrifos and ChE was proved by Lineweaver-Burk plots. Inhibition of ChE isoenzyme was found on bands 4 and 7 by electrophoresis. These results suggest that plasma ChE was effective for exposure monitoring and erythrocyte ChE was effective for effect monitoring.
キーワード
クロルピリホス
コリンエステラーゼ活性
血球・血漿・脳
PAM
アイソザイム
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489