The effect of organic phosphates and chloronaphthalenes, which are used in new pesticides on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in the rat liver was examined.
Chlorpyrifos and phoxim decreased State 3 respiration in a dose-dependent manner, but pyridaphenthion, α-and β-chloronaphthalene had only a slight effect. Degree of their effect in the order of chlorpyrifos > phoxim > β-chloronaphthalene > α-chloronaphthalene > pyridaphenthion. Chlorpyrifos, pyridaphenthion, α-and β-chloronaphthalene affected on the State 4 respiration, but phoxim did not. Consequently, they lowered the respiratory control index and the effect being in the order of chlorpyrifos > β-chloronaphthalene > phoxim > α-chloronaphthalene > pyridaphenthion. All the compounds tested stimulated latent ATPase activities, but DNP - stimulated ATPase activities were not affected by these compounds. Their effect on latent ATPase activities were in the descending order of chlorpyrifos > phoxim, β-chloronaphthalene > α chloronaphthalene > pyridaphenthion.
These findings suggest that chlorypyrifos, pyridaphenthion, phoxim, α-chloronaphthalene and β-chloronaphthalene impede mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation.