Journal of Okayama Medical Association
Published by Okayama Medical Association

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非特異的増殖性肉芽性炎症巣における脂質代謝に関する研究 第1編 脂質組成およびその構成脂肪酸の変動

堀井 郁夫 岡山大学医学部薬理学教室
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抄録
Granulomatous inflammation was induced in rats by subcutaneous implantation of formalin-soaked filter paper and lipid classes in inflammatory tissue were investigated. An increase in triglyceride content was observed in parallel with the formation of adipose tissue in the early stage of inflammation. In the stage of growth of granulomatous tissue, phospholipids increased with the gradual decrease in triglyceride content. In the early stage of granulomatous tissue formation, triglycerides contained mainly saturated fatty acid (16:0) and unsaturated fatty acids (18:1 (ω-9), 18:2 (ω-6) and 18:3 (ω-3)). Phospholipids in the growing stage of granulomas contained mainly polyunsaturated fatty acids (20:4 (ω-6) and 22:4 (ω-6)). Rapid and selective in vitro and in vivo incorporation of radio-labelled unsaturated fatty acids (20:3 (ω-6), 20:4 (ω-6), 20:5 (ω-3)) into phospholipids was observed in granulomatous tissue. These results suggested that fatty acids released by lipolytic degradation of triglycerides in adipose tissue in the early stage of granulomatous inflammation are converted into phospholipids in cells accumulating in maturing granulation tissues, and also that these dynamic changes in lipid metabolism play important roles in the progress of inflammatory processes.
キーワード
非特異的増殖性肉芽性炎症
脂質組成
triglyceride
phospholipid
高度不飽和脂肪酸
ISSN
0030-1558
NCID
AN00032489