Nursing students taking the entrance examination for our midwifery training program in the academic year 1992-1993 were evaluated with regard to what motivated them to apply to our program and their plans after graduation. The results were as follows : 1. The wish of the nursing students themselves was the decisive factor in their decision to apply. 2. Our investigation revealed that 10% of the nursing students decided to take up midwifery after graduation from nursing school; 25% decided to do so before their entrance to nursing school : and 65% made up their minds while they were still at nursing school. 3. The applicants planned to work as professional midwives for a long time after their completion of the midwifery training program. 4. Junior college graduates, after receiving authorization from the National Institution of Academic Degrees, were motivated to apply to our midwifery training program for the explicit purpose of acquiring a bachelor's degree.