Bulletin of Faculty of Health Sciences Okayama University Medical School
Published by Faculty of Health Sciences Okayama University Medical School

<Formerly known as>
岡山大学医療技術短期大学部紀要 (1巻-9巻)

看護教育におけるデス・エデュケーション ―学生の死者儀礼に関する調査―

伊藤 久恵 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部看護学科
高田 節子 岡山大学医療技術短期大学部看護学科
抄録
The purpose of this study was to obtain the basic data for the study of "Death education on nursing education". We investigated 235 students aged 18-21 in the school of allied health science O University (return rate 100%). The questionnare was composed of the questions about experience to be presented at the familiar person's last moment, experince to be attended at the funeral, intention to take their child to the funeral in the future, and knowledge of ritual behaviors for the dead. The results are as follows: 1) About 20% of students had experienced the dying hour familiar persons who were almost grandfather, grandmother, great-grandfather and great-grandmother. 2) Almost all students had attended at the funeral as the survivors. 3) About 2/3 students had intention to take their child to the funeral in the future to let them learn death. About 1/3 students had no intention to take their child to the funeral, or did not decide their intention yet. 4) Among ritual behaviors for the dead, students well recognized "Kiyome no sio" and "Kita makura" that were well known in the daily life, and "Hidarimae" and "Tatemusubi" that had learned in the lecture of nursing for the dead. Conversely, despite of learning "Yukan", few students knew it because they didn't conscious of it as the ritual behavior. The ritual behavior is important to alleviate the survivors' grief. Death education on nursing education must introduce Thanatology (interdisciplinary curriculum on death including ethnology, sociology etc.).
キーワード
Death Education
Funeral
One's dying hour
Ritual behavior
ISSN
0917-4494
NCID
AN10355371