The purpose of this study was to obtain the basic data for the study of "Nursing care of dying patients and their families". I investigated 59 nurses working at hospitals in Tokushima know their ritual behaviors and their wordings that nurses and their families made for dying patients at moment of their death in the hospital. The results were; 1) Typically, two ritual behaviors were reported at attending patient's death. One was "Tamayobi"; calling dying patient's name to commend his soul to God or Hotoke. Other was "Matugo no mizu", giving water to dying patient to sympathy him. Few nurses didn't know "Tamayobi". Many nurses knew "Mstugo no mizu", however, only a few nurses did it in the hospital. 2) Nurses talked with their families in many ways around their last hours. This wordings included not only to explain dying patient's care, but also to alleviat the grief of their families much more.