JaLCDOI 10.18926/15416
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_43.pdf
Author Bouzidi, Moncef| Koga, Ryuji| Wada, Osami| Kagawa, Naoki| Hai Xu| Kosaka, Megumi| Sano HIroya|
Abstract A numerical technique called as "adjoint spectrum" has been proposed by the authors in a previous work. Two applications of it are presented here. It is demonstrated that by generalizing the aspect of adjoint spectrum it becomes possible to measure densities of mixed gases simultaneously. An experimental proof of this has been carried on and simultaneous measurement of densities of both methane and dinitrogen oxide was realized. On the other hand, it is also reported that frequency shifting of spectra, which is a cause of error in spectrometric measurements, can be corrected by exploiting the adjoint spectrum technique in connection with the Taylor expansion. Numerical examples showing the success of this method are reported as well.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 43
End Page 49
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307796
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15414
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_27.pdf
Author Tomita, Eiji| Nsunge Felix Chintu| Hamamoto, Yoshisuke|
Abstract Distributions of hydrogen gas concentration in a suddenly started, single shot hydrogen gas jet issuing from a 1 mm diameter injector into still air were measured using laser interferometry method. This unsteady, turbulent free jet flow has also been calculated using the two-equation, high Reynolds number version of k-ε turbulence model and hybrid scheme for treating combined diffusion and convection in the SIMPLE algorithm. The injection pressure was 0.5 MPa for which predicted and measured temporal jet tip penetration distributions indicate that the jet discharged into still air at Mach 0.25. The level of agreement between present prediction and measurement is good in some regions and poor in others.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 27
End Page 41
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307648
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15412
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_21.pdf
Author Nozu, Shigeru| Inaba, Hideo|
Abstract A numerical study is performed for the facilitated diffusion of carbon-dioxide in an ultrapure water film flowing downward along a vertical surface. The model adopted for the present work includes the effects of the reaction rate for the hydration of CO(2)in a liquid. Comparison of the total concentration of CO(2) for different film thickness indicates that the effects of the hydration is more remarkable for the thinner liquid film.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 21
End Page 26
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307958
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15410
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_9.pdf
Author Uno, Yoshiyuki| Nakajima, Toshikatsu| Okada Minoru|
Abstract Practical utilization of ram type electrical discharge machining in uninflammable fluid has been expected in place of inflammable kerosine type fluid for unmanned operation in a workshop. The electrical discharge machining performance in deionized water is experimentally investigated on the basis of the analysis of the crater generated by a single pulse discharge. The experimental analysis makes it clear that the electrical discharge machining performance in deionized water is greatly affected by the electrode polarity. The metal removal rate in the normal polarity machining is higher than that in reverse polarity machining, while the electrode wear rate in the normal polarity machining is greater than that in reverse polarity machining. Therefore the electrode polarity should be properly selected according to the purpose of machining.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 9
End Page 20
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307319
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15407
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_26_1_1.pdf
Author Sakakibara, Akira| Kanadani, Teruto|
Abstract Reversion of the age-hardened Al-15mass % Zn alloy, in which ellipsoidal GP zones were formed, was investigated by hardness test. Ellipsoidal zones were reverted more quickly near the surface and grain boundary than in the interior, as spherical zones did. The results confirm their role as sources for vacancies in reversion.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1991-11-30
Volume volume26
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 7
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15406
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_59.pdf
Author Prokop Jiri| Myojin Sho|
Abstract The paper presents methods for simulation and examination of the performance of a classification yard, including both manual and computer-aided methods. Presented methods are applicable to the simulation and examination of full range of yards of different types and sizes including manually operated as well as highly automated classification yards.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 59
End Page 71
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307384
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15404
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_41.pdf
Author Prokop Jiri| Myojin Sho|
Abstract The fundamental objective of this paper is to aggregate and establish a set of practical principles, guidelines, and procedures to clarify and improve classification yard design and to enhance the efficiency of the design process. The paper primarily addresses theoretical and technical aspects of hump yard height and grade design, placement of the switches and the retarders. It attempts to compile and document yard design procedures, based on the Theory of Energy Head and Energy Loss. This procedures are applicable to the design of new yards, rehabilitation of the existing yards of different types and sizes including manually operated as well as highly automated classification yards.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 41
End Page 58
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307241
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15403
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_19.pdf
Author Nara, Shigetoshi| Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract Numerical simulations of a single layer recurrent neural network model in which the synaptic connection matrix is formed by summing cyclic products of succesive patterns show that complex dynamics can occur with the reduction of a connectivity parameter which is the number of connection between neurons. The structure in these dynamics is discussed from the viewpoint of realizing complex function using complex dynamics.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 19
End Page 40
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307451
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15400
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_11.pdf
Author Oka, Hisao| Yamamoto, Tatsuma| Saratani Keiji| Tanaka Masahiro| Kawazoe Takayoshi|
Abstract The use of dental implants has increased together with increases in the human life span and it has become an imperative subject for dentists to familiarize themselves with this treatment modality. Unfortunately, there has been no practical and quantitative method for in vivo evaluation of the stability of dental implants. In the tooth mobility examination, the tactile sense of natural teeth is different from that of dental implants. The authors have developed an automatic diagnosis system of tooth mobility for clinical use. The biomechanical mobility of peri-implantium is measured with a pseudo-random vibration, from which the viscoelasticity c1, c2, k of peri-implantium is obtained. The diagnosis system has been applied to the quantitative evaluation of the stability of implants : endodontics endosseous implants (titanium pin), endosseous implants (Bioceram). It has also been applied to the evaluation of the long-term prognoses of dental implantation (Bioceram) and the examination of Intramobile implant (IMZ), and the satisfactory results have been obtained.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 11
End Page 17
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002308018
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15399
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_1.pdf
Author Kajihara, Yasuhiro| Osaki, Hirokazu|
Abstract Precedence relation in assembly has been determined by experience only. Now, an expert system is developed for determining such precedence relation. The conjugate states of the units of a product are shown in face frames and unit frames following the frame model. Seven rules are formulated. They consider geometrical interference of units, and make the precedence relation enable operation time to be shorter, and the number of JIG and substandards to be smaller. These rules are programized by computer language(PROLOG).
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 1
End Page 9
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307210
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15398
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_93.pdf
Author Nishigaki, Makoto| Sudinda Teddy| Hishiya Tomoyuki| Kohno, Ichiro|
Abstract In this paper the author will be describe phenomena of advection dispersion in subsurface flow by using Eulerian Lagrangian Finite Element Method. Where Finite Element Method with Galerkin formulation and weigthed residual method is used to solve seepage and advection dispersion equation. The problem of one dimensional and two dimensional rectangular wave are analyzed in this paper. And the result of numerical analyses will be compared with analytical solutions. The numerical results showed the very good agreement with the analytical solutions.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 93
End Page 105
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307768
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15396
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_81.pdf
Author Abe, Hirofumi|
Abstract This paper aims to examine the impact of JR (Japan Railways) Seto Ohashi Line on residential land value. First, the study examines the trends in land value in the area along JR Seto Ohashi Line by applying the area comparison method. The method estimates the effect of JR Seto Ohashi Line on residential land value by comparing land values between the study area and the Okayama Metropolitan Area. Second, the property value method is applied to measure the effect of railroad construction. The effect is estimated with a residential land-value regression, which is calibrated using land value data along the Seto Ohashi Line. Finally, the results are compared with the empirical studies in the Greater Tokyo Region, and various features of the impact of railroad construction on land value are identified.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 81
End Page 92
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307856
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15395
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_65.pdf
Author Nara, Shigetoshi| Hara Yuji| Totsuji, Hiroo|
Abstract Quantum mechnical electron wave transfer between two quantum wires which are weakly coupled via a thin potential barrier is considered. The total electronic states are calculated with both analytical ( no field case ) and numerical methods ( under applied electric fields ). The transfer efficiency is evaluated for several specified cases of geometrical structures, potential barrier heights and the externally applied electric field. Estimated trasfer time is of the order of one picosecond in typical mesoscopic structures. The model in this paper can be used to determine important structure parameters for experiments on electron directional coupler controled by external elctric field.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 65
End Page 79
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307405
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15392
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_45.pdf
Author Kagawa, Naoki| Wada, Osami| Hai, Xu| Koga, Ryuji| Sano, Hiroya| Inubushi, Kazuyuki|
Abstract A prototype device based on the tunable diode laser absorption spectrometry was constructed and the atmospheric methane concentration near the terrain in a rice paddy field was measured. An open optical path of 50 m length was employed along with a PbSnTe diode laser. Diurnal change of methane density with 30 seconds temporal resolution was recorded associated with meteorological parameters. A feasibility was proven for a practical application for in situ study of atmospheric methane.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 45
End Page 53
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307877
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15391
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_33.pdf
Author Shimada, Yukiyasu| Suzuki, Kazuhiko| Sayama, Hayatoshi|
Abstract Neural nets have recently become the focus of much attention, largely because of their wide range of complex and nonlinear problems. This paper presents a new integrated approach using neural networks for diagnosing process failures. The fault propagation in process is modeled by causal relationships from the fault tree and its minimal cut sets. The measurement patterns required for training and testing the neural network were obtained from fault propagation model. The network is able to diagnose even in the presence of malfunction of certain sensors. We demonstrate via a nitric acid cooler process how the neural network can learn and successfully diagnose the faults.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 33
End Page 44
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307902
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15390
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_27.pdf
Author Hirashima Masao| Inaba, Hideo|
Abstract Heating and refrigerating technique such as snow melting of road and cold storage by utilizing temperature difference between underground soil and atmosphere is widely used[1-4] in a cold area. In the 1st Report, heat transfer characteristics of two phase closed thermosiphon for extracting geothermal energy is studied fundamentally. In the empirical study, heat extract rate is measured in connection with the change of atmospheric temperature utilizing real two thermosiphons on the site. Temperature distribution on the surface of the thermosiphon and underground soil around it is also measured. Based on the data of the empirical experiment, it is confirmed that prevention of freezing for fire hydrant can be achieved by geothermal heat utilizing two phase closed thermosiphon. Present paper describes the heat transfer behavior of the thermosiphon as the 2nd report.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 27
End Page 32
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307336
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15388
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_11.pdf
Author Hirashima Masao| Inaba, Hideo|
Abstract To prevent freezing of road and aquaduct by extracting geothermal heat with two phase closed thermosiphon has been widely used in a cold area. Both heat transfer characteristics in the underground soil and function of the thermosiphon to extract geothermal heat have to be made clear for the purpose of the above system. This study is directed for the purpose to prevent freezing of fire hydrant and composed of the fundamental experiment and the empirical experiment. In the fundamental study, heat transfer behavior is studied experimentally in the small size filling bath representing the underground soil layer. After recording temperature distribution, heat transfer coefficient is measured, they are proceeded into the correlation between the dimensionless number of Nusselt, Rayleigh and Fourier. The fundamental study is described as the first report.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 11
End Page 26
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307419
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15385
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_1_1.pdf
Author Uno, Yoshiyuki| Kubota, Shin-ichiro| Nakajima, Toshikatsu| Ogata, Kojiro| Tada, Nobuhiko|
Abstract Direct patterning of copper coated ceramic circuit board is experimentally investigated with Q-switched Nd:YAG laser in order to shorten the time of the trial manufacture of electronic circuit board and to adapt the flexible design change. It is pointed out that the fast direct patterning the speed of which reaches about 100 mm/s is possible if the repetition frequency and the average power are selected properly. Furthermore cutting off and/or drilling of ceramic board are also possible under the condition that the repetition frequency is less than 3kHz. This technique makes it possible the mask1ess patterning of ceramic circuit board which has been widely used recently in place of conventional glass-epoxy or phenolic resin circuit board, and it leads to the shorter time limit of delivery as compared with the conventional end-milling method.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1992-11-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 10
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307702
JaLCDOI 10.18926/15370
FullText URL Mem_Fac_Eng_OU_27_2_73.pdf
Author Kroumov Valeri T.| Inoue, Akira| Masuda, Shiro|
Abstract This report deals with the problem of designing an adaptive observer for estimating unknown periodical disturbances. This is very practical problem because in the area of control of servomechanisms such disturbances are always encountered. When the disturbance cannot be directly measured or eliminated at the source it is necessary to perform a prediction. When a periodical disturbance is present the frequencies appear as unknown parameters and they have to be identified. In order to identify the unknown parameters, it is necessary to transform the composite system model, which contains the models of the controlled system and the disturbances, into observable canonical form. In addition, an inverse transformation is required to calculate the estimates of the present disturbances. In this report, firstly, a review of an adaptive observer for estimation of unknown periodical disturbances is presented. Later a calculation of the disturbance estimate is derived using the algebraic programming system REDUCE. The proposed method here allows to perform all the necessary transformations and to obtain the disturbance estimation without using the transformation matrix. The calculations of these transformations are complicated and, hitherto, there is no simple method to perform them. The results of disturbance estimation are illustrated by two examples.
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Published Date 1993-03-25
Volume volume27
Issue issue2
Start Page 73
End Page 85
ISSN 0475-0071
language 英語
File Version publisher
NAID 120002307731
Author Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University|
Published Date 2013-01
Publication Title Memoirs of the Faculty of Engineering, Okayama University
Volume volume47
Content Type Others