Biomaterials_33_27_6468-6475.pdf 1.93 MB
Topical therapy is the most favored form of treatment for whitening against hyperpigmentation and sunburn because it lends itself to self-administration, patient compliance, and absence of systemic adverse effects. However, transdermal delivery of hydrophilic chemicals is difficult. The main purpose of this study is to develop a delivering system of hydrophilic drugs and proteins across the skin. Hydroquinone (HQ), a well-known tyrosinase inhibitor and antimelanogenesis compound, and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were fused with eleven poly-arginine (11R). Both HQ-11R and EGFP-11R were efficiently delivered in B16 cells, a mouse melanoma cell line. HQ-11R was as effective as HQ alone at inhibiting melanin synthesis in B16 cells. EGFP-11R was efficiently delivered into cells of the epidermis with 4-(1-pyrenyl)-butyric acid (PB), a counteranion bearing an aromatic hydrophobic moiety, in vivo, but EGFP alone or EGFP-11R without PB was not. Finally, topical application of HQ-11R with PB significantly inhibited UV irradiation-induced pigmentation in guinea pigs compared with HQ alone. These results suggest that topical therapy using poly-arginine in combination with PB is useful for the delivery of hydrophilic drugs and proteins by the transdermal route.
(c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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