FullText URL srfa_108_cover_eng.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL srfa_108_colophon.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative The List of Published by Members of the Faculty From January to December 2018
FullText URL srfa_108_019_032.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
Start Page 19
End Page 32
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Structural Features of Pollen Allergens N-Glycans and Synthesis of Glycopolymer carrying Multivalent N-glycans
FullText URL srfa_108_015_018.pdf
Author Maeda, Megumi|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
Start Page 15
End Page 18
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Effect of boron deficiency on tip burn and malformed fruit incidence in strawberries
FullText URL srfa_108_005_013.pdf
Author Sesumi, Miho| Yoshida, Yuichi| Kinjo, Akari| Hidaka, Kei| Goto, Tanjuro| Yasuba, Ken-ichiro| Tanaka, Yoshiyuki|
Abstract Boron (B) is an essential micro element for plants and plays important roles in the synthesis and functions of cell wall. B deficiency has been reported as one of the causes of fruit malformation in strawberries. We investigated the effect of B deficiency on flower and fruit development of forced strawberries for two cropping seasons (2015-2017). In the second season, B was resupplied for B-deficient plants and we investigated changes in fruit development. When B-free nutrient solutions were supplied, tip burn began to occur in newly emerging leaves and calyx 2 to 3 months later, and fruit malformation including seedy or only partly developed fruits with undeveloped achenes occurred frequently. However, these deficient symptoms were quickly disappeared by supplying B containing nutrient solutions. In conclusion, B nutrition is closely related to the occurrence of fruit malformation through fertility of pollen and pistils, and also development of receptacle tissue in strawberries. It should be possible to reduce fruit malformation in strawberries by proper control of B nutrition.
Abstract Alternative  B(ホウ素)は植物にとって必須な微量要素であり,イチゴの受精不良果発生要因の1 つである.そこで2015年度と2016年度の2 回にわたりB 欠乏がイチゴの受精不良果発生に及ぼす影響について調査した.また,2016年度はB 欠乏処理後にB 回復処理を行い,その後のイチゴの果実形態の変化についても調査した.その結果,B欠乏処理を行うと蒸散機能の低い新葉や花芽においてチップバーンが発生し,種浮き果や部分不受精を主とした受精不良果が多発した.しかし,B 回復処理を行うことでこれらの症状が改善することが明らかになった.B は受精不良果発生に関係しており,欠乏条件下で根から吸収させると急速に若い成長中の組織に転流することが示されたことから,B 栄養をコントロールすることでB 不足によるイチゴの受精不良果発生を軽減できる可能性があると考えられる.
Keywords floral organs Fragaria × ananassa Duch. pistil fertility receptacle growth seedy fruit
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
Start Page 5
End Page 13
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Synthetic studies of ancistrocladinium A and B, antileishmanial compounds isolated from a Congolese Ancistrocladus Species
FullText URL srfa_108_001_004.pdf
Author Kiyota, Hiromasa| Saito, Akihito| Takai, Momoko| Kuwahara, Shigefumi|
Abstract Synthetic studies of ancistrocladinium A and B, antileishmanial compounds isolated from a Congolese Ancistrocladus sp., are described. Buchwald‒Hartwig coupling reaction between the dihydroisoquinoline and the naphthyl triflate failed. The main framework of ancistrocladinium A was constructed by 1,2‒addition of the amine to the naphthoquinone in the presence of celium trichloride as a catalyst. On the other hand, 1,4‒addition of the amine to the naphthoquinone proceeded without catalyst to form the framework of B. These products will be valuable leads for antileishmanial agents.
Keywords ancistrocladinium A and B synthetic studies leishmania, Ancistrocladus isoquinoline
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
Start Page 1
End Page 4
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL srfa_108_contents.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL srfa_108_cover.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2019-02-01
Volume volume108
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL srfa_107_contents_eng.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL srfa_107_colophon.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative The List of Published by Members of the Faculty From January to December 2017
FullText URL srfa_107_025_039.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
Start Page 25
End Page 39
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Non-surgical Transfer Method of Elongating Bovine Conceptus
FullText URL srfa_107_019_024.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Abstract  The objectives of the present study were to establish a non-surgical transfer method for elongating bovine conceptuses and to combine this method with biopsy and sexing. Bovine conceptuses were recovered from donor cows on day 13-14 of the estrus cycle. In experiment 1, day 13 conceptuses were transferred to recipient cows using a standard day 7 embryo transfer (ET) method. The pregnancy rate of day 13 conceptus transfer (CT) is comparable to that of day 7 ET. In experiment 2, day 14 conceptuses were transferred using modified methods (balloon catheters or ET guns with modified sheaths). Using the standard ET method, no pregnancies were obtained;however, when balloon catheters or ET guns with modified sheaths were used, the pregnancy rates after CT were 48.0% and 44.8%, respectively. In experiment 3, day 14 conceptuses were biopsied without a micromanipulator, sexed using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method, and transferred to recipient cows. The pregnancy rate of biopsied conceptuses was 46.2% and did not differ significantly from that of unbiopsied with conceptuses. Moreover, all pregnant cows transferred conceptuses following biopsy and sexing delivered calves with the expected sexes. These results suggested that the non-surgical bovine conceptus transfer (CT) method was comparable to day 7 ET, and that this technique enables biopsy and sexing without expensive equipment such as a micromanipulator or specialized skills.
Keywords conceptus biopsy
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
Start Page 19
End Page 24
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Virus-induced gene silencing in Prunus fruit tree species with the Apple latent spherical virus vector
FullText URL srfa_107_011_017.pdf
Author Kawai, Takashi|
Abstract Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) has been used as a rapid and effective tool for functional analysis of genes in various plants, including woody fruit tree species. In this study, we attempted to develop a VIGS-based gene evaluation system for seven Prunus species, including apricot (P. armeniaca L.), sweet cherry (P. avium L.), almond [P. dulcis (Mill.) D. A. Webb.], peach (P. persica Batsch), Japanese apricot (P. mume Siebold & Zucc.), Japanese plum (P. salicina Lindl.), and European plum (P. domestica L.), with the Apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) vectors. ALSV vectors carrying part of the apricot PHYTOENE DESATURASE (PDS) gene sequence were amplified in Nicotiana benthamiana, and inoculated into the cotyledons of Prunus seedlings by particle bombardment. Typical PDS-silenced phenotypes, characterized by uniform discoloration of the upper leaves, were observed in sweet cherry and some cultivars of apricot and almond several weeks after inoculation. In contrast, attempted ALSV infections of Japanese apricot, Japanese plum, European plum, and the other cultivars of apricot and almond were unsuccessful. Furthermore, although the infection rate of ALSV in peach was high, severe viral infection symptoms were observed in the infected leaves. These results collectively suggested that the efficiency of ALSV infection and VIGS could vary depending on species and/or cultivar in Prunus. The possible use of the ALSV-mediated VIGS system for functional analysis of genes in Prunus is discussed.
Keywords gene evaluation system post-transcriptional gene silencing virus vector
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
Start Page 11
End Page 17
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Alzheimer’s disease : Relationship between the Alzheimer’s disease and human microbiome
FullText URL srfa_107_005_010.pdf
Author Fujii, Yusuke| Morita, Hidetoshi|
Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by memory and language disorder. The accumulation of senile plaques called β-amyloid and neurofibrillary tangles involving protein tau in the brains of AD patients have been considered as two hallmarks of AD. In AD, it is reported that accumulation of β-amyloid may be observed 25 years before onset, supporting early diagnosis and treatment by brain image analysis, because several techniques have recently been developed to detect β-amyloid and tau protein in brains of persons diagnosed with AD. AD patients are usually suffering from other diseases such as diabetes or periodontal disease, and there is accumulating data to show that these diseases associate with the human microbiome, such as gut and oral microbiota. In this report, the relation ship between AD and the human microbiome is reviewed.
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
Start Page 5
End Page 10
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Title Alternative Effects of Olibanum and Tea-tree, used in Aromatherapy today, on the Body and Mind
FullText URL srfa_107_001_003.pdf
Author Asadaa, Masako| Sakai, Takashi| Kiyota, Hiromasa|
Abstract Olibanum (frankincense), used as a religious offering, has been one of the most valuable and respected substances since ancient times. Tea-tree, with a long history as a folk medicine for Australian aborigines, has been used in modern aromatherapy since the late 1970’s. In this paper, comparisons of olibanum and tea-tree in aromatherapy and their effects on the body and mind are discussed.
Keywords flavor and fragrance frankincense aromatherapy monoterpenoids
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
Start Page 1
End Page 3
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL srfa_107_contents.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
FullText URL srfa_107_cover.pdf
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Published Date 2018-02-01
Volume volume107
ISSN 2186-7755
language 日本語
File Version publisher
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Published Date 2017-02-01
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Volume volume106
Content Type Others
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Published Date 2017-02-01
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Volume volume106
Content Type Others
Author Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University|
Published Date 2017-02-01
Publication Title Scientific Reports of the Faculty of Agriculture, Okayama University
Volume volume106
Content Type Others