FullText URL oer_051_1_contents_eng.pdf
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56912
Title Alternative J. H. Clapham, An Economic History of Modern Britain, vol. 3, Machines and National Rivalries (1887-1914), with an Epilogue (1914-1929), Outline, Chap.8
FullText URL oer_051_1_059_083.pdf
Author Ichinose, Atsushi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 59
End Page 83
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56911
FullText URL oer_051_1_035_058.pdf
Author Matsuo, Nobushige|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 35
End Page 58
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56910
Title Alternative The Japan-China Economic Relations in GVC from the Perspective of Trade in Value Added: Using Japan-China GVC input-output table
FullText URL oer_051_1_019_034.pdf
Author Teng, Jian| Feng, Junshi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 19
End Page 34
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56909
Title Alternative The Revolutionary Forces in Marx’s Theory and Marxism : Development? or Distortion?
FullText URL oer_051_1_001_018.pdf
Author Ota , Yoshiki|
Abstract 1. Diffusion of Marxism and inflation of the concept “proletariat”</br> The concept of “proletariat” is the central concept of Marxism. However, its content varies according to times and regions. For Marx and Engels, proletarias are workers who work in the capitalist large industries, they overthrow the rule of capitalists through the revolution and are the subjects of the construction of society in the future. Kautsky put workers in small factories and small farmers into the category of proletariat. Lenin overestimated capitalist development in Russia and included farmers without horses into proletariat. In Mao Zedong, agricultural workers, rumpen, handmade workers, peasants, clerks and peddlers are also allowed to participate in the revolution. The concept of proletariat is inflated. As the region moves away from the center of the world system, the scope of participants in the revolution has been expanded.</br> 2. “Proletariat” in Marx’s view on social development</br> In Marx, proletariat is given a privileged position as a revolutionary subject in the capitalist society. In the “formulation” of historical materialism, modern bourgeois society is given a privileged position in human history. Proletariat is privileged in dual sense. In this formulation, there is no social antagonism in the future society that Marx believes. This future society should be called a “community without law and state”. It is recognized that the development of capitalist production increases the number of workers and the ordinary electoral system increases possibilities of acquiring a working-class regime. Still, Capital insists that the revolution is inevitable. Marx and Engels never abandoned “revolutionism” throughout their lives.</br> 3. Marx’s revolutionary strategy and British working class</br> For Marx and Engels, England is a typical country of capitalistic development, giving models to other countries.However, the English working class in the mid-19th century was not “revolutionary”. The English labor movement during this period had been internalized under the guidance of the “labor aristocrat”. Working class was integrated as “nation”. While cooperating with the reformists politically, Marx was argueing revolutionism in scientific books. While cooperating with the reformists politically, Marx was advocating revolutionism in Capital. In modern bourgeois society, it is usual that labor classes are integrated into a system as “nation” and labor movement is to become reformistic, but Marx could not analyze this situation as a problem of upper structure of capitalism in general. In England Marx cooperated with the reformist labor movement, but could not abandon his revolutionism.</br> 4. Reform Movement and Revolutionism: German Revisionism Controversy and Russian Party Organization Controversy</br> At the German Social Democratic Party, there was coexistence of reformistic practice and ideology of revolutionism. Kautsky was a personal expression of this coexistence. He adhered to revolutionism, but acknowledged that socialist consciousness was brought into labor movement from the outside historically. Bernstein claimed that revolutionism is an obstacle to workers’ reform movement. In the controversy concerning the organization of the Russian Social Democratic Party, from the standpoint of revolutionalism, Lenin argued that “external injection” is necessary because the workers’ reform movement and the revolutionary socialist movement are not directly connected. The revolutionary forces are not necessarily the product of the capitalist big industry. Those who have abilities to resist the capitalist system, they can participate in the socialist revolution through the “external injection” of the revolutionary party. It can be said that the logic of “external injection” made it possible to disseminate Marxism to the semi-periphery and periphery.</br> 5. Conclusion</br> The Marxist revolution theory is understood as the theory of “revolution of developed countryies”. This is because it assumes the proletariat produced by the capitalist big industry as the revolutionary subject. In the case of Marx, its understanding is correct. However, the successful acquisition of the regime by the Marxist was in “backward countries”. It can be said that the key to solving this paradox was in the unreality of the concept of “proletariat” at the core of Marx’s revolutionism. Marx’s “proletariat” has no realities in the working class in center of modern capitalit world system (“developed capitalist countries”). On the other hand, various anti-systemic forces were formed as a revolutionary subject entity or “proletariat” by “external injection” of the revolutionary parties in semi-periphery and periphery (the “backward areas”). Rosa Luxemburg called as “clique management (Cliquenwirtschaft)” the regime that such forces could aquire. Under the “clique management” system, people remained in the object of governance and never became the subject.
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
Start Page 1
End Page 18
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
FullText URL oer_051_1_contents.pdf
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-07-16
Volume volume51
Issue issue1
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
FullText URL oer_050_3_cover_e.pdf
Author 岡山大学経済学会|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56490
Title Alternative Ablösungsrezeß über Geldgefälle beim südsächsischen D.-Neudorf 1856-1857 (2)
FullText URL oer_050_3_089_112.pdf
Author Matsuo, Nobushige|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 89
End Page 112
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583665
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56489
Title Alternative The Largest Industrials in Canada, 2003-2017
FullText URL oer_050_3_083_087.pdf
Author Satoru, Enomoto|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 83
End Page 87
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583664
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56488
Title Alternative J. H. Clapham, An Economic History of Modern Britain, vol. 3, Machines and National Rivalries(1887-1914), with an Epilogue(1914-1929), Outline, Chap. 7
FullText URL oer_050_3_063_082.pdf
Author Ichinose, Atsushi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 63
End Page 82
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583663
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56487
Title Alternative Überprüfung der Ablösungen der Grundlasten in Sachsen (2)
FullText URL oer_050_3_051_061.pdf
Author Matsuo, Nobushige|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 51
End Page 61
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583662
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56486
FullText URL oer_050_3_039_050.pdf
Author Ozeki Miki|
Abstract Group norms are often revised or changed, although consistency and stability are desired when considering group management. The current study aimed to explore the process of group norm change by analyzing the minutes of meetings. Meeting minutes were coded by a psychologist and two graduate students of psychology. A total of 12 categories were identified: “Express determination in changing constitution”, “Ideal constitution,” “Informing current situation” “Changes from the past,” “Questions,”“Resolution of question by explanation,” “Statements for improvements” “Personal opinions,” “Understanding/agreements,” “Consents” “Conclusions,” and “Suspensions.” The results of the current study demonstrated that 1) central group members’ perceptions of the gap between their ideals and the current situation led to a change in group norms in order to realize their ideals, and 2) group members changed the group norms taking into consideration the norms that had been passed down by former members and those that they would hand over to future members.
Keywords Group norm change process group
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 39
End Page 50
ISSN 2433-4146
language 英語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583661
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56485
Title Alternative Karl Renners Konzeption von persönlicher nationaler Autonomie und zweidimensionaler Föderation
FullText URL oer_050_3_025_038.pdf
Author Ota, Yoshiki|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 25
End Page 38
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583660
FullText URL oer_050_3_cover.pdf
Author 岡山大学経済学会|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56483
Title Alternative Productive Power of Labour and Exchange Value in Adam Smith
FullText URL oer_050_3_017_023.pdf
Author Niimura, Satoshi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 17
End Page 23
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583659
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56482
Title Alternative Report on the Survey Research in High Performance Medical Care Team
FullText URL oer_050_3_001_016.pdf
Author Matsuda, Yoichi| Kawakami, Sachiko|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2019-03-15
Volume volume50
Issue issue3
Start Page 1
End Page 16
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2019 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
NAID 120006583658
FullText URL oer_050_2_cover_e.pdf
Author 岡山大学経済学会|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2018-11-07
Volume volume50
Issue issue2
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56321
Title Alternative Ablösungsrezeß über Geldgefälle beim südsächsischen D.-Neudorf 1856-1857 (1)
FullText URL oer_050_2_075_091.pdf
Author Matsuo, Nobushige|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2018-11-07
Volume volume50
Issue issue2
Start Page 75
End Page 91
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56320
FullText URL oer_050_2_055_074.pdf
Author Ichinose, Atsushi|
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2018-11-07
Volume volume50
Issue issue2
Start Page 55
End Page 74
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher
JaLCDOI 10.18926/OER/56319
Title Alternative Threat of the China Threat Theory
FullText URL oer_050_2_035_054.pdf
Author Teng, Jian|
Keywords 米中関係 日中関係 安全保障 貿易摩擦 パワーシフト
Publication Title Okayama Economic Review
Published Date 2018-11-07
Volume volume50
Issue issue2
Start Page 35
End Page 54
ISSN 2433-4146
language 日本語
Copyright Holders Copyright © 2018 岡山大学経済学会
File Version publisher