JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48562
FullText URL 66_3_231.pdf
Author Takahashi, Kingo| Hayashi, Masamichi| Fujii, Toshihiro| Kawamura, Kenji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract The objective of early rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is to increase the muscle strength of the lower extremities. Closed kinetic chain (CKC) exercise induces co-contraction of the agonist and antagonist muscles. The purpose of this study was to compare the postoperative muscle strength/mass of subjects who performed our new CKC exercise (new rehabilitation group:group N) from week 4, and subjects who received traditional rehabilitation alone (traditional rehabilitation group:group T). The subjects stood on the device and maintained balance. Then, low-frequency stimulation waves were applied to 2 points each in the anterior and posterior region of the injured thigh 3 times a week for 3 months. Measurement of muscle strength was performed 4 times (before the start, and then once a month). Muscle mass was evaluated in CT images of the extensor and flexor muscles of 10 knees (10 subjects) in each group. The injured legs of group N showed significant improvement after one month compared to group T. The cross-sectional area of the extensor muscles of the injured legs tended to a show a greater increase at 3 months in group N. This rehabilitation method makes it possible to contract fast-twitch muscles, which may be a useful for improving extensor muscle strength after ACL reconstruction.
Keywords anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction closed kinetic chain electrical muscle stimulation standing-shaking-board exercise
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 231
End Page 237
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22729103
Web of Science KeyUT 000305669700006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49255
FullText URL 67_1_35.pdf
Author Watanabe, Masutaka| Arita, Seizaburo| Hashizume, Hiroyuki| Honda, Mitsugi| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract The purpose of this study was to quantitatively evaluate Akahori's preoperative classification of cubital tunnel syndrome. We analyzed the results for 57 elbows that were treated by a simple decompression procedure from 1997 to 2004. The relationship between each item of Akahori's preoperative classification and clinical stage was investigated based on the parameter distribution. We evaluated Akahori's classification system using multiple regression analysis, and investigated the association between the stage and treatment results. The usefulness of the regression equation was evaluated by analysis of variance of the expected and observed scores. In the parameter distribution, each item of Akahori's classification was mostly associated with the stage, but it was difficult to judge the severity of palsy. In the mathematical evaluation, the most effective item in determining the stage was sensory conduction velocity. It was demonstrated that the established regression equation was highly reliable (R=0.922). Akahori's preoperative classification can also be used in postoperative classification, and this classification was correlated with postoperative prognosis. Our results indicate that Akahori's preoperative classification is a suitable system. It is reliable, reproducible and well-correlated with the postoperative prognosis. In addition, the established prediction formula is useful to reduce the diagnostic complexity of Akahori's classification.
Keywords cubital tunnel syndrome ulnar nerve Akahoriʼs classification multiple regression analysis
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2013-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume67
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 35
End Page 44
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23439507
Web of Science KeyUT 000316829900005
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/50647
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/53119
FullText URL 69_1_29.pdf
Author Nakahara, Ryuichi| Nishida, Keiichiro| Hashizume, Kenzo| Harada, Ryouzou| Machida, Takahiro| Horita, Masahiro| Ohtsuka, Aiji| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract The outcome measures in rheumatology clinical trials (OMERACT) scores are the most mature quantitation system for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Direct measuring techniques of synovial volume have been reported with good reproducibility, although few reports have demonstrated the changes of these measures in response to treatment. To assess these clinical responses, we evaluated the correlation of the changes of clinical activity score 28-joints disease activity score (DAS28-CRP) with the changes of OMERACT scores and with synovial volume measurements. Eight RA patients who were treated by biologic agents were examined with MRI of the dominant affected wrist and finger joints before and one year after the treatment. The total OMERACT score was reduced from 48.0 to 41.3, and synovial volume was reduced from 15.4 to 8.8 milliliters. Positive correlations were seen between the changes of DAS28-CRP and the changes of OMERACT synovitis score (r=0.27), OMERACT total score (r=0.43) and synovial volume (r=0.30). Limited to synovium assessment, synovial volume showed a better correlation with DAS28-CRP than the OMERACT synovitis score. On the other hand, the OMERACT total score showed a higher correlation with DAS28-CRP than synovial volume, probably because the OMERACT total score includes scores for bone erosion and bone edema as well.
Keywords magnetic resonance imaging rheumatoid arthritis outcome measures in rheumatology clinical trials scoring system direct volume measuring medical work station
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2015-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume69
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 29
End Page 35
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2015 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 25703168
Web of Science KeyUT 000349740300003
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/53113
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/54811
FullText URL 70_6_477.pdf
Author Nishida, Keiichiro| Machida, Takahiro| Horita, Masahiro| Hashizume, Kenzo| Nakahara, Ryuichi| Nasu, Yoshihisa| Ohashi, Hideki| Saiga, Kenta| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joints are often and predominantly affected in rheumatoid arthritis. The aim of the current study was to describe surgical techniques of shortening oblique osteotomy for lesser metatarsal bone with screw fixation at the osteotomy site, and to investigate the short-term clinical outcomes of our procedure. Twenty-seven feet (78 toes) of 24 RA patients underwent the shortening oblique osteotomy for the correction of deformity at the lesser MTP joints. The average Japanese Society of Surgery of the Foot (JSSF) standard rating system for the RA foot and ankle scale improved significantly from 59.6 points preoperatively to 88.3 points postoperatively (p<0.001). Twenty-four feet (89 ) were free from metatarsalgia and symptomatic callosities at the lesser MTP joint after surgery. Our present findings showed satisfactory early clinical outcomes of the shortening oblique osteotomy of the metatarsal bone with screw fixation for RA forefoot.
Keywords shortening oblique osteotomy rheumatoid arthritis forefoot screw fixation
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2016-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume70
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 477
End Page 483
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2016 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 28003673
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/55439
FullText URL 71_5_413.pdf
Author Furumatsu, Takayuki| Kodama, Yuya| Kamatsuki, Yusuke| Hino, Tomohito| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Extrusion of the medial meniscus (MM) is associated with knee joint pain in osteoarthritic knees. The relationships among MM radial/oblique tears, MM extrusion (MME), and the effect of arthroscopic meniscal repair are not established. Here we evaluated the effects of arthroscopic all-inside MM repair on MME and the clinical outcomes in patients with radially oriented MM tears and mildly osteoarthritic knees. Twenty patients with a symptomatic radial or oblique tear of the MM posterior segment, MME ≥2.5 mm, and mildly osteoarthritic knees were treated using FasT-Fix 360 All-inside Meniscal Suture devices. We used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to measure the patients’ MM body width (MMBW), absolute MME, and relative MME. The Japanese Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Lysholm, Tegner, IKDC Subjective Knee Evaluation, and Visual Analogue Scale scores were obtained. Arthroscopic all-inside MM repair prevented increases of absolute and relative MME. The preoperative and 3- and 12-month MRI-based MMBW values were similar. Over a 24-month follow-up after the MM repairs, the clinical scores showed significant improvements. Our results suggest that all-inside meniscal repairs would be useful in preventing the progression of MME in patients suffering from symptomatic MM radial/oblique tears associated with mildly osteoarthritic knees.
Keywords medial meniscus radial/oblique tear meniscal repair meniscal extrusion osteoarthritic knee
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2017-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume71
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 413
End Page 418
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2017 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 29042699
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Yamane, Kentaro| Misawa, Haruo| Takigawa, Tomoyuki| Ito, Yoshihiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Matsukawa, Akihiro|
Keywords hepatocyte growth factor spinal cord injury neural regeneration
Published Date 2019-12-02
Publication Title International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume volume20
Issue issue23
Publisher MDPI
Start Page 6078
ISSN 1422-0067
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
Copyright Holders © 2019 by the authors.
File Version publisher
PubMed ID 31810304
DOI 10.3390/ijms20236078
Web of Science KeyUT 000504428300260
Related Url isVersionOf https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20236078
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tetsunaga, Tomonori| Yamada, Kazuki| Tetsunaga, Tomoko| Sanki, Tomoaki| Kawamura, Yoshi| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Keywords Hip Navigation system Total hip replacement Retrospective study
Published Date 2020-04-15
Publication Title Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume volume15
Issue issue1
Publisher BMC
Start Page 147
ISSN 1749-799X
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
OAI-PMH Set 岡山大学
PubMed ID 32295628
Web of Science KeyUT 000528950200002
Related Url isVersionOf https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-020-01673-y
Author Tanaka, Masato| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Misawa, Haruo| Takahata, Tomohiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Published Date 2010-04-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume122
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/30758
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Nakahara, Shinnosuke| Ito, Yauo| Nakanishi, Kazuo| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Ikuma, Hisanori| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes and to determine indicators of the necessity of surgical intervention. Twelve consecutive patients harboring symptomatic sacral perineural cysts were treated between 1995 and 2003. All patients were assessed for neurological deficits and pain by neurological examination. Magnetic resonance of imaging, computerized tomography, and myelography were performed to detect signs of delayed filling of the cysts. We performed a release of the valve and imbrication of the sacral cysts with laminectomies in 8 cases or recapping laminectomies in 4 cases. After surgery, symptoms improved in 10 (83%) of 12 patients, with an average follow-up of 27 months. Ten patients had sacral perineural cysts with signs of positive filling defect. Two (17%) of 12 patients experienced no significant improvement. In one of these patients, the filling defect was negative. In conclusion, a positive filling defect may become an indicator of good treatment outcomes.</p>
Keywords Tarlov cyst sacral perineural cyst meningeal cyst meningeal diverticulum sacral radiculopathy
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2006-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume60
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 65
End Page 70
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 16508691
Web of Science KeyUT 000235538900008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31823
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Nakanishi, Kazuo| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Misawa, Haruo| Takigawa, Tomoyuki| Nishida, Keiichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>Scoliosis is a common clinical manifestation of Rett syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder that almost exclusively affects females. The spinal curve in patients with Rett syndrome is typically a long C curve of a neuromuscular type. As the onset of the scoliosis is very early and shows rapid progression, early surgical intervention has been recommended to prevent a life-threatening collapsing spine syndrome. However, there are high perioperative risks in Rett syndrome patients who undergo spinal surgery, such as neurological compromise and respiratory dysfunction due to rigid spinal curve. We herein report the surgical result of treating severe rapid progressive thoracic scoliosis in a 16-year-old girl with Rett syndrome. Posterior segmental pedicle screw fixation was performed from T1 to L3 using a computer-assisted technique. Post-operative radiography demonstrated a good correction of the curve in both the sagittal and coronal alignment. There were no postoperative complications such as neurological compromise. The patient had maintained satisfactory spinal balance as of the 3-year follow-up examination.</p>
Keywords Rett syndrome scoliosis computer navigation-assisted surgery segmental pedicle screw fixation
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2009-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 373
End Page 377
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20035294
Web of Science KeyUT 000273145900009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31849
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Nakahara, Shinnosuke| Ito, Yasuo| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Misawa, Haruo| Koshimune, Koichiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>Surgical treatment of metastatic spinal cord compression is controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of our current surgical treatments and the use of spinal instrumentation. In this retrospective study covering the years between 1990 and 2006, 100 patients with spinal metastases which were secondary to various cancers underwent posterior and/or anterior decompression with spinal stabilization for the purposes of reduction of pain, and/or to help correct or improve neurological deficits. The group was made up of 60 men and 40 women whose ages ranged from 16 to 83 years (average of 60 years), and the average follow-up period was 14 months. The effect of treatment upon pain relief and neural deficits was assessed, and the cumulative survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The average surgical time was 185min. This was calculated based on the following times, listed here with the surgery type:178min for posterior surgery;245min for anterior surgery;465 min for combined surgery;and 475min for total en bloc spondylectomy. Average blood loss during surgery was 1,630 ml for posterior surgery, 1,760 ml for anterior surgery, 1,930 ml for combined surgery, and 3,640 ml for total en bloc spondylectomy. Preoperative pain and paralysis were improved by 88% and 53%, respectively. In regards to surgical complications, postoperative epidural hematoma was observed in 2 patients, and instrumentation-related infection was observed in 1. Only 2 patients died within 2 months of surgery. In conclusion, posterior and/or anterior decompression with spinal stabilization is a safe and effective treatment for patients with spinal metastases, and can improve their quality of life.</p>
Keywords spinal metastasis spinal surgery instrumentation
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2009-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume63
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 145
End Page 150
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 19571901
Web of Science KeyUT 000267388200004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32889
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Kazuo| Tanaka, Masato| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract <p>We performed fixation using laminar screws in 2 patients in whom lateral mass screws, pedicle screws or transarticular screws could not be inserted. One was a 56-year-old woman who had anterior atlantoaxial subluxation (AAS). When a guide wire was inserted using an imaging guide, the hole bled massively. We thought the re-insertion of a guide wire or screw would thus increase the risk of vascular injury, so we used laminar screws. The other case was an 18-year-old man who had a hangman fracture. Preoperative magnetic resonance angiography showed occlusion of the left vertebral artery. A laminar screw was inserted into the patent side (i.e., the right side of C2). Cervical pedicle screws are the most biomechanically stable screws. However, their use carries a high risk of neurovascular complications during screw insertion, because the cervical pedicle is small and is adjacent laterally to the vertebral artery, medially to the spinal cord, and vertically to the nerve roots. Lateral mass screws are also reported to involve a risk of neurovascular injuries. The laminar screw method was thus thought to be useful, since arterial injuries could thus be avoided and it could also be used as a salvage modality for the previous misinsertion.</p>
Keywords laminar screw neurovascular complications lateral mass screw pedicle screw transarticular
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2007-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 115
End Page 119
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17471313
Web of Science KeyUT 000245875600010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/46634
FullText URL 65_3_211.pdf
Author Nakanishi, Kazuo| Yamane, Kentarou| Tanaka, Masato| Misawa, Haruo| Saiga, Kenta| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Here we report a case of surgery for kyphosis of the thoracolumbar spine in an elderly patient, in whom surgery was performed because the patient had developed intractable digestive symptoms. The case was that of a 76-year-old female with complaints of back pain and dysphagia. When videofluoroscopic examination (VF) of swallowing was performed in the cardia of the stomach, images that indicated stagnation and the reflux of food were observed. It was easier for the patient to swallow food in the extension position. We performed corrective fusion of the posterior spine. After the surgery, the kyphosis angle was improved to 27°, the patient's back pain was alleviated, and it became easier for the patient to swallow food. VF also showed that the patient's difficulties with the passage of food had improved. We believe that surgery is a good treatment option for cases of kyphosis with digestive symptoms and deteriorating activities of daily living (ADL), even in the absence of pain and paralysis. VF is also useful for performing evaluations before and after surgery.
Keywords kyphosis dysphagia videofluoroscopic examination of swallowing (VF) fusion
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2011-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 211
End Page 214
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 21709720
Web of Science KeyUT 000292017500009
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/47262
FullText URL 65_6_369.pdf
Author Terada, Chuji| Yoshida, Aki| Nasu, Yoshihisa| Mori, Shuji| Tomono, Yasuko| Tanaka, Masato| Takahashi, Hideo K.| Nishibori, Masahiro| Ozaki, Toshifumi| Nishida, Keiichiro|
Abstract We investigated the expression and localization of high-mobility group box chromosomal protein-1 (HMGB-1) in human osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage in relation to the histopathological grade of cartilage destruction, and examined the role of HMGB-1 in the regulation of proinflammatory cytokine expression in chondrocytes. An immunohistochemical study demonstrated that total HMGB-1-positive cell ratios increase as the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) histological grade increased. The population of cytoplasmic HMGB-1-positive chondrocytes was especially increased in the deep layers of higher-grade cartilage. The ratios and localization of receptors for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) expression by chondrocytes in Grade 2, 3, and 4 were significantly higher than those in Grade 1. In vitro stimulation with IL-1β, but not TNFα, significantly upregulated the expression of HMGB-1 mRNA by human OA chondrocytes. Both IL-1β and TNFα promoted the translocation of HMGB-1 from nuclei to cytoplasm. IL-1β and TNFα secretions were stimulated at higher levels of HMGB-1. The results of our study suggest the involvement of HMGB-1 in the pathogenesis of cartilage destruction in OA.
Keywords HMGB-1 RAGE chondrocyte osteoarthritis cartilage
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 369
End Page 377
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22189477
Web of Science KeyUT 000298516900003
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48560
FullText URL 66_3_213.pdf
Author Kataoka, Masaki| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Tanaka, Masato| Takeda, Ken| Itani, Satoru| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Misawa, Haruo| Senda, Masuo| Nakahara, Shinnosuke| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract There are a variety of treatment options for patients with spinal metastasis, and predicting prognosis is essential for selecting the proper treatment. The purpose of the present study was to identify the significant prognostic factors for the survival of patients with spinal metastasis. We retrospectively reviewed 143 patients with spinal metastasis. The median age was 61 years. Eleven factors reported previously were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model:gender, age, performance status, neurological deficits, pain, type of primary tumor, metastasis to major organs, previous chemotherapy, disease-free interval before spinal metastasis, multiple spinal metastases, and extra-spinal bone metastasis. The average survival of study patients after the first visit to our clinic was 22 months. Multivariate survival analysis demonstrated that type of primary tumor (hazard ratio [HR]=6.80, p<0.001), metastasis to major organs (HR=2.01, p=0.005), disease-free interval before spinal metastasis (HR=1.77, p=0.028), and extra-spinal bone metastasis (HR=1.75, p=0.017) were significant prognostic factors. Type of primary tumor was the most powerful prognostic factor. Other prognostic factors may differ among the types of primary tumor and may also be closely associated with primary disease activity. Further analysis of factors predicting prognosis should be conducted with respect to each type of primary tumor to help accurately predict prognosis.
Keywords spine metastasis survival prognostic factor cancer
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-06
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue3
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 213
End Page 219
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22729101
Web of Science KeyUT 000305669700004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48692
FullText URL 66_4_363.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Sugimoto, Yoshihiro| Misawa, Haruo| Takigawa, Tomoyuki| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Spinal deformity is an important clinical manifestation after surgery for spinal cord tumors. One-third of patients who receive laminectomies and irradiation of the spinal column develop scoliosis, kyphosis, or kyphoscoliosis. Recent reports indicate good results after scoliosis surgery using segmental pedicle screws and a navigation system, but these reported studies have not included surgery for post-laminectomy kyphosis. Hooks and wires are ineffective in such patients who undergo laminectomy, and there are also high perioperative risks with insertion of pedicle screws because landmarks have been lost. Here, we report on the 5-year follow-up of a 13-year-old male patient with post-laminectomy and post-irradiation thoracic kyphoscoliosis after surgical treatment of spinal astrocytoma. Posterior segmental pedicle screw fixation was performed safely using a computer-assisted technique. The authors present the first case report for treatment of this condition using a navigation system.
Keywords astrocytoma scoliosis kyphoscoliosis navigation segmental pedicle screw fixation
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2012-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 363
End Page 368
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22918210
Web of Science KeyUT 000307918900010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49043
FullText URL 66_6_469.pdf
Author Shiozaki, Yasuyuki| Ito, Yasuo| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Tomioka, Masao| Shimokawa, Tetsuya| Mazaki, Tetsuro| Koshimune, Koichiro| Tanaka, Masato| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract In this study, we studied the relationship between fracture patterns and motor function recovery in 70 consecutive patients with cervical spinal cord injury. Fractures were categorized into 6 fracture types and subdivided into stages according to the Allen-Ferguson classification system:compressive flexion (CF), distractive flexion (DF), compressive extension (CE), distractive extension (DE), vertical compression (VC) and lateral flexion (LF). Paralysis was evaluated using the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale at the time of injury and 3 months afterwards. The residual rate of complete motor palsy (ASIA grade A or B) at the final examination was higher in those patients with DE fractures than those with CF, DF or CE. The final outcomes were as follows. Of the 14 patients who were classified with CF fractures, residual palsy was frequently seen in patients who had stage 5 injury. Of the 27 patients with DF fractures, residual palsy occurred in about half of the patients who had stage 4 or 5 injury. Of the 18 patients with CE fractures, residual palsy occurred in half of the patients with stage 3 injury or higher. Finally, of the 7 patients with DE fractures, the rate of residual palsy was high even for the stage 1 and 2 cases;indeed, all DE patients who had complete motor palsy at the first examination had residual palsy at the final examination. Accordingly, we conclude that motor recovery may be related to fracture pattern.
Keywords cervical spinal cord injury motor function recovery fracture patterns
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 469
End Page 473
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23254581
Web of Science KeyUT 000312966100006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/49047
FullText URL 66_6_499.pdf
Author Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Tanaka, Masato| Nakahara, Ryuichi| Misawa, Haruo| Kunisada, Toshiyuki| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract An 11 year-old girl had 66 degrees of kyphosis in the thoracolumbar junction. For the purpose of planning for kyphosis correction, we created a 3-D, full-scale model of the spine and consulted spinal navigation. Three-dimensional models are generally used as tactile guides to verify the surgical approach and portray the anatomic relations specific to a given patient. We performed posterior fusion from Th10 to L3, and vertebral column resection of Th12 and L1. Screw entry points, directions, lengths and diameters were determined by reference to navigation. Both tools were useful in the bone resection. We could easily detect the posterior element to be resected using the 3D model. During the anterior bony resection, navigation helped us to check the disc level and anterior wall of the vertebrae, which were otherwise difficult to detect due to their depth in the surgical field. Thus, the combination of navigation and 3D models helped us to safely perform surgery for a patient with complex spinal deformity.
Keywords congenital scoliosis kyphosis navigation 3-dimensional models
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2012-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 499
End Page 502
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 23254585
Web of Science KeyUT 000312966100010
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52007
FullText URL 67_6_343.pdf
Author Yamane, Kentaro| Takigawa, Tomoyuki| Tanaka, Masato| Osaki, Syuhei| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Cervical spinal schwannoma is benign, and outcomes after surgical resection are generally excellent. A surgical dilemma sometimes arises as to whether to perform total tumor removal, which carries a risk of sacrificing the nerve root, or subtotal removal, where the risk can be tumor recurrence. The purpose of this study was to identify factors with the potential to predict clinical impairment after surgery for cervical spinal schwannomas. Thirty cases of cervical schwannomas treated surgically in our institute were retrospectively reviewed;initial symptoms, tumor location, Eden classification, surgical method, functional outcome, and tumor recurrence were investigated. All permanent motor deficits were the result of resecting functionally relevant nerve roots (i.e., C5-8). The rate of permanent sensory deficit was 11% after C1-4 nerve root resection, and 67% after C5-8 nerve root resection. Permanent neurological deficits occurred in 14% of patients younger than 40 years and 38% of those older than 40. Dumbbell tumors were associated with the need for total or ventral nerve root transection, as well as with a high incidence of tumor recurrence. The incidence of permanent neurological deficit was significantly higher in patients undergoing C5-8 nerve root resection, and tended to be higher in those over 40.
Keywords cervical spinal schwannoma neurological deficit nerve root resection tumor resection tumor recurrence
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2013-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume67
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 343
End Page 349
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24356718
Web of Science KeyUT 000328915700002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52012
FullText URL 67_6_385.pdf
Author Tanaka, Masato| Arataki, Shinya| Sugimoto, Yoshihisa| Takigawa, Tomoyuki| Tetsunaga, Tomoko| Ozaki, Toshifumi|
Abstract Craniometaphyseal dysplasia is a rare genetic condition characterized by progressive thickening of bones in the skull and metaphyseal abnormalities in the long bones. This disorder often causes progressively symptomatic cranial nerve compression, but in rare cases foramen magnum stenosis may lead to quadriplegia. Chiari I malformation with craniometaphyseal dysplasia is extremely rare. The authors report on a 25-year-old woman with myelopathy due to Chiari I malformation along with craniometaphyseal dysplasia. There are only four previous case reports of this condition. The authors present here the fifth case report of this rare condition and summarize its characteristics.
Keywords craniometaphyseal dysplasia Chiari malformation cervicomedullary compression
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2013-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume67
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 385
End Page 389
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2013 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24356723
Web of Science KeyUT 000328915700007