JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52142
FullText URL 68_1_35.pdf
Author Araki, Motoo| Jeong, Wooju| Park, Sung Yul| Lee, Young Hoon| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Hong, Sung Joon| Rha, Koon Ho|
Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare the positive surgical margin (PSM) rates of 2 techniques of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for pT2 (localized) prostate cancer. A retrospective analysis was conducted of 361 RARP cases, performed from May 2005 to September 2008 by a single surgeon (KHR) at our institution (Yonsei University College of Medicine). In the conventional technique, the bladder neck was transected first. In the modified ultradissection, the lateral border of the bladder neck was dissected and then the bladder neck was transected while the detrusor muscle of the bladder was well visualized. Perioperative characteristics and outcomes and PSM rates were analyzed retrospectively for pT2 patients (n=217), focusing on a comparison of those undergoing conventional (n=113) and modified ultradissection (n=104) techniques. There was no difference between the conventional and modified ultradissection group in mean age, BMI, PSA, prostate volume, biopsy Gleason score, and DʼAmico prognostic criteria distributions. The mean operative time was shorter (p<0.001) and the estimated blood loss was less (p<0.01) in the modified ultradissection group. The PSM rate for the bladder neck was significantly reduced by modified ultradissection, from 6.2% to 0% (p<0.05). In conclusion, modified ultradissection reduces the PSM rate for the bladder neck.
Keywords robot-assisted radical prostatectomy prostate cancer surgery surgical margin technique
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 35
End Page 41
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24553487
Web of Science KeyUT 000331592800006
Author Bekku, Kensuke| Saika, Takashi| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Kioshimoto, Ryo| Kanbara, Taiki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2013-02
Publication Title International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume volume18
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
Author Tanimoto, Ryuta| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Abarzua, Fernando| Kataoka, Ken| Kurose, Kaoru| Murata, Hitoshi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Huh, Nam-Ho|
Published Date 2010-04-01
Publication Title International Journal of Cancer
Volume volume126
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
Author Huang, P| Kaku, H| Chen, J| Kashiwakura, Y| Saika, T| Nasu, Y| Urata, Y| Fujiwara, T| Watanabe, M| Kumon, H|
Published Date 2010-07
Publication Title Cancer Gene Therapy
Volume volume17
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
Author Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Kataoka, Ken| Abarzua, Fernando| Tanimoto, Ryuta| Watanabe, Masami| Murata, Hitoshi| Than, Swe Swe| Kurose, Kaoru| Kashiwakura, Yuji| Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Huh, Nam-ho|
Published Date 2009-05-22
Publication Title The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume volume284
Issue issue21
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48076
FullText URL 66_1_7.pdf
Author Kawauchi, Keiichiro| Watanabe, Masami| Kaku, Haruki| Huang, Peng| Sasaki, Kasumi| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Huh, Nam-ho| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract The preclinical safety and therapeutic efficacy of adenoviral vectors that express the REIC/Dkk-3 tumor suppressor gene (Ad-REIC) was examined for use in prostate cancer gene therapy. The Ad-human (h) and mouse (m) REIC were previously demonstrated to induce strong anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo, and we herein report the results of two in vivo studies. First, intra-tumor Ad-hREIC administration was examined for toxicity and therapeutic effects in a subcutaneous tumor model using the PC3 prostate cancer cell line. Second, intra-prostatic Ad-mREIC administration was tested for toxicity in normal mice. The whole-body and spleen weights, hematological and serum chemistry parameters, and histological evaluation of tissues from throughout the body were analyzed. Both experiments indicated that there was no significant difference in the examined parameters between the Ad-REIC-treated group and the control (PBS- or Ad-LacZ-treated) group. In the in vitro analysis using PC3 cells, a significant apoptotic effect was observed after Ad-hREIC treatment. Confirming this observation, the robust anti-tumor efficacy of Ad-hREIC was demonstrated in the in vivo subcutaneous prostate cancer model. Based on the results of these preclinical experiments, we consider the adenovirus-mediated REIC/Dkk-3 in situ gene therapy to be safe and useful for the clinical treatment of prostate cancer.
Keywords REIC Dickkopf-3 gene therapy prostate cancer preclinical study
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 7
End Page 16
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22358134
Web of Science KeyUT 000300800700002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/47013
FullText URL 65_5_315.pdf
Author Wang, Lei| Kaku, Haruki| Huang, Peng| Xu, Kexin| Yang, Kai| Zhang, Jiheng| Li, Ming| Xie, Liping| Wang, Xiaofeng| Sakai, Akiko| Watanabe, Masami| Nasu, Yasutomo| Shimizu, Kenji| Kumon, Hiromi| Na, Yanqun|
Abstract Deficiencies in the human DNA repair gene WRN are the cause of Werner syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by premature aging and a predisposition to cancer. This study evaluated the association of WRN Leu1074Phe (rs1801195), a common missense single nucleotide polymorphism in WRN, with prostate cancer susceptibility in Chinese subjects. One hundred and forty-seven prostate cancer patients and 111 male cancer-free control subjects from 3 university hospitals in China were included. Blood samples were obtained from each subject, and the single nucleotide polymorphism WRN Leu1074Phe was genotyped by using a Snapshot assay. The results showed that WRN Leu1074Phe was associated with the risk of prostate cancer in Chinese men and that the TG/GG genotype displayed a decreased prevalence of prostate cancer compared with the TT genotype (OR=0.58, 95%CI:0.35-0.97, p=0.039). Through stratified analysis, more significant associations were revealed for the TG/GG genotype in the subgroup with diagnosis age <_ 72 yr (OR=0.27, 95%CI:0.12-0.61, p=0.002) and in patients with localized diseases (OR=0.36, 95%CI:0.19-0.70, p=0.003). However, no statistically significant difference was found in the subgroup with age >72 yr or in patients with advanced diseases. We concluded that the genetic variant Leu1074Phe in the DNA repair gene WRN might play a role in the risk of prostate cancer in Chinese subjects.
Keywords polymorphism prostatic neoplasms single nucleotide susceptibility WRN
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 315
End Page 323
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22037267
Web of Science KeyUT 000296116400005
Author Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Watanabe, Masami| Ueki, Hideo| Huang, Peng| Fujii, Yasuyuki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Noguchi, Hirofumi| Hirata, Takeshi| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Huh, Nam-ho| Kashiwakura, Yuji| Kaku, Haruki| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2011-08-26
Publication Title Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume volume412
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article
Author Nasu, Yasutomo|
Published Date 2011-08-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume123
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/45274
FullText URL 65_2_143.pdf
Author Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Saika, Takashi| Manabe, Daisuke| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract We analyzed the prognostic factors influencing survival after surgeries for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) with longer follow-up periods than in previous studies. Between January 2000 and December 2004, 386 patients underwent nephroureterectomy for UUT-UC. The data for the 221 patients with UUT-UC were retrospectively reviewed. Nine variables were evaluated for association with the survival outcomes of cause-specific survival. The prognostic significance was tested univariately with the log-rank test. The simultaneous effects of multiple prognostic factors were estimated by multiple regression analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model. The median follow-up was 38.4 months. The 5-year over all survival was 62.3%. Significant prognostic factors for disease-specific survival rate on univariate analysis were pathological stage (p0.0001), tumor grade (p0.0324), and venous invasion (p0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that only venous invasion was significant for disease-specific survival rate (p0.0205). Venous invasion was the only independent prognostic factor in pathologically localized UUT-UC.
Keywords nephroureterectomy transitional cell carcinoma upper urinary tract
Amo Type Corrected and Republished Article
Published Date 2011-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 143
End Page 149
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20200581
Web of Science KeyUT 000289818800011
Author Yokoyama, Teruhiko| Watanabe, Toyohiko| Saika, Takashi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Miyaji, Yoshiyuki| Nagai, Atsushi|
Published Date 2007-10-02
Publication Title International Journal of Urology
Volume volume14
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32881
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Murakami, Takanori| Ebara, Shin| Saika, Takashi| Irie, Shin| Takeda, Katsuji| Maki, Yoshio| Miyaji, Sadayuki| Manabe, Daisuke| Kaku, Haruki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>We evaluated the need for transurethral biopsy at first follow-up after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy for superficial bladder cancer. The records of 84 patients with superficial bladder cancer who received a 6- or 8-week course of BCG were reviewed. Pathological results before BCG, cystoscopic findings, urinary cytology, and biopsy results for evaluation of BCG therapy were reviewed. All 19 patients with positive urinary cytology had evidence of positive bladder biopsy results. Fifty-three of 54 patients (98.1%) with no visible recurrent tumor and negative urinary cytology demonstrated negative pathological results on bladder biopsy. When not found in conjunction with positive urinary cytology, erythematous mucosa on cystoscopy was not an indicator of tumor recurrence or residual cancer. In conclusion, routine transurethral biopsy of the bladder for evaluating the response to BCG intravesical therapy is not necessary in patients who have no visible tumor on cystoscopy and negative urinary cytology./</p>
Keywords bladder cancer BCG therapy transurethral biopsy cystoscopy urinary cytology
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 341
End Page 344
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183079
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32878
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ebara, Shin| Manabe, Daisuke| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Tanimoto, Ryuta| Saika, Takashi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Saito, Shirou| Satoh, Takefumi| Miki, Kenta| Hashine, Katsuyoshi| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>From September 2003 to December 2005, 188 patients who visited our hospital and allied institutions for the purpose of prostate brachytherapy were administrated hormonal therapy for volume reductions before brachytherapy. The pretreatment and posttreatment of prostate volume using a transrectal ultrasound volumetric study and the types and duration of hormonal therapy were analyzed. We administered 91 patients with Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonist, 49 patients with anti-androgen (bicaltamide/flutamide), and 48 patients with maximum androgen blockade (MAB). The duration of the hormonal therapy was 1-3 months for 49 patients, 4-6 months for 59 patients, 7-9 months for 40 patients, 10-12 months for 32 patients, and over 13 months for 8 patients. Before the initiation of hormonal therapy, the mean prostate volume was 35.12 ml (11.04-78.71 ml), and the average of prostate volume before and after hormonal therapy was 36.79 ml and 24.79 ml, respectively (a 32.4% reduction). The prostate volume reduction rate was 32.0% for the LH-RH agonist only, 18.1% for the anti-androgen only and 41.2% for the MAB. No statistically significant difference was observed for the duration of hormonal therapy between 3 groups. A three-month course of the neoadjuvant LH-RH agonist indicated a sufficient volume reduction effectiveness for a large prostate volume.</p>
Keywords androgen deprivation therapy brachytherapy localized prostate cancer prostate volume reduction
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 335
End Page 340
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183078
Web of Science KeyUT 000251943800004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32875
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Namba, Yuzaburo| Sugiyama, Narushi| Yamashita, Shuji| Hasegawa, Kenjiro| Kimata, Yoshihiro| Ishii, Kazushi| Nasu, Yasutomo|
Abstract <p>To date, many techniques have been reported for vaginoplasty in male-to-female trans-sexual (MTFTS) patients, such as the use of a rectum transfer, a penile-scrotal flap and a reversed penile flap. However, none of these procedures is without its disadvantages. We developed a newly kind of flap for vaginoplasty, the M-shaped perineo-scrotal flap (M-shaped flap), using skin from both sides of the scrotum, shorn of hair by preoperative laser treatment. We applied this new type of flap in 7 MTFTS patients between January 2006 and January 2007. None of the flaps developed necrosis, and the patients could engage in sexual activity within 3 months of the operation. The M-shaped flap has numerous advantages: it can be elevated safely while retaining good vascularity, it provides for the construction of a sufficient deep vagina without a skin graft, the size of the flap is not influenced entirely by the length of the penis, and it utilizes skin from both sides of the scrotal area, which is usually excised.</p>
Keywords vaginoplasty male-to-female transsexual perineo-scrotal flap
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 355
End Page 360
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183081
Web of Science KeyUT 000251943800007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32868
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Arata, Ryoji| Saika, Takashi| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Abarzua, Fernando| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract To compare the quality of life (QOL) in patients with ileal neobladder and sigmoidal neobladder, a retrospective survey was conducted using a formulated questionnaire. Between January and March 1999, a QOL survey was conducted using self-administered questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30, IPSS, supplemented with detailed questionnaires about continence, sexual function, and patient’s satisfaction with the selected urinary diversion method) for 78 patients with orthotopic urinary reservoir (OUR) who were followed-up for more than 3 months after cystectomy. Among 78 patients, 63 had OUR using an ileal segment (male/female&#65309;59/4, median age: 70.8 years old, median follow-up: 1.7 years). Fifteen patients had OUR using a sigmoidal segment (male/female&#65309;13/2, median age: 71.9, median follow-up: 3.9). The QLQ-C30 functional evaluation and the items in relation to sexual function showed no diff erences between the 2 groups. Concerning the voiding condition, bladder emptying, frequency, and urgency, scores in the sigmoidal OUR group were signifi cantly higher. The QOL score concerning voiding conditions, daytime, and nighttime continence and quantity of pad showed a better score in the ileal OUR group. Concerning the satisfaction with methods of urinary diversion, patients in the sigmoidal OUR group expressed less satisfaction than their preoperative expectations. Considering several postoperative voiding conditions, ileal OUR seems superior to sigmoidal OUR.
Keywords urinary diversion orthotopic urinary reservoirs bladder cancer quality of life
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 229
End Page 234
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 17726512
Web of Science KeyUT 000248957100007
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32862
FullText URL 64_1_27.pdf
Author Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Saika, Takashi| Manabe, Daisuke| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract We analyzed the prognostic factors influencing survival after surgeries for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) with longer follow-up periods than in previous studies. Between January 2000 and December 2004, 386 patients underwent nephroureterectomy for UUT-UC. The data for the 221 patients with UUT-UC were retrospectively reviewed. Nine variables were evaluated for association with the survival outcomes of cause-specific survival. The prognostic significance was tested univariately with the log-rank test. The simultaneous effects of multiple prognostic factors were estimated by multiple regression analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model. The median follow-up was 38.4 months. The 5-year over all survival was 62.3%. Significant prognostic factors for disease-specific survival rate on univariate analysis were pathological stage (p0.0001), tumor grade (p0.0324), and venous invasion (p0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that only venous invasion was significant for disease-specific survival rate (p0.0205). Venous invasion was the only independent prognostic factor in pathologically localized UUT-UC.
Keywords nephroureterectomy transitional cell carcinoma upper urinary tract
Amo Type Original Article
Note <a href="http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/amo/vol65/iss2/11">Erratum with Corrected and Republished Article</a>|
Published Date 2010-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume64
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 27
End Page 31
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2010 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20200581
Web of Science KeyUT 000274868300004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32815
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Saika, Takashi| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Nasu, Yasutomo| Arata, Ryoji| Kaku, Haruki| Akebi, Naoki| Kusaka, Nobuyuki| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>The aim of this study was to reveal the clinical features of anterior urethral recurrence in patients with superficial bladder cancer, and to determine the appropriate treatment. Three hundred and three patients with superficial bladder cancer, who were newly diagnosed and initially treated conservatively in our hospital between 1965 and 1990, were followed for at least 5 years and their clinical outcomes were analyzed. Clinical factors, including anterior urethral recurrence, were evaluated statistically regarding tumor progression. Eight patients (2.6%) had anterior urethral recurrence following superficial bladder cancer. Twenty-four patients (7.9%) had tumor progression and 149 (49.2%) had tumor recurrence. In a multivariate analysis using a logistic model, anterior urethral recurrence was the most important factor, followed by histological grade. Four of 5 patients who were treated for anterior urethral recurrent tumors by transurethral resection showed progression and died of the cancer within one year. Two of the remaining three patients who underwent radical cysto-urethrectomy at the time of anterior urethral recurrence survived. Anterior urethral recurrence following superficial bladder cancer is a predictor for rapid subsequent malignant progression. Once there is anterior urethral recurrence, radical intensive therapy, including radical cysto-urethrectomy, should be carried out immediately.</p>
Keywords superficial bladder cancer anterior urehral recurrence prognosis predictor
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2003-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume57
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 293
End Page 297
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 14726966
Web of Science KeyUT 000187556500004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32084
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Abarzua, Fernando| Monden, Koichi| Nagai, Atsushi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>Ureteroscopy has evolved in many aspects, particularly in the flexibility and size of ureteroscopes. We have developed a new detachable access sheath to make ureteroscopic procedures more straight-forward and to reduce possible damage to delicate instruments used in the procedure.</p>
Keywords ureteroscopy detachable accesss heath
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2004-08
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume58
Issue issue4
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 215
End Page 216
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 15551759
Web of Science KeyUT 000223559700006
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31976
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Nagai, Atsushi| Tokuyama, Eijirou| Nanba, Yuzaburo| Tsutsui, Tetsuya| Kimata, Yoshihiro| Nakatsuka, Mikiya| Koshima, Isao| Saika, Takashi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>The first case of sex reassignment surgery (SRS) in our hospital was performed in January 2001; as of February, 2005, 4 cases of MTF-SRS had been performed. In the 2 most recent cases, we used penile and scrotal skin flaps to avoid complications. The depth and width of the new vagina was made to be adequate for sexual intercourse. Future attention should be focused on devising a surgical technique that will help prevent the complications of partial necrosis of the epidermal skin and wound dehiscence. Although ours is only an initial experience, we describe our surgical technique herein.</p>
Keywords gender identity disorder sex reassignment surgery male to female transsexual
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2005-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume59
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 231
End Page 233
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 16286961
Web of Science KeyUT 000232835600008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/31973
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Edamura, Kohei| Saika, Takashi| Senoh, Takashi| Koizumi, Fumihito| Manabe, Daisuke| Ebara, Shin| Kaku, Haruki| Yokoyama, Teruhiko| Abarzua, Fernando| Nagai, Atsushi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>This study was undertaken to reveal the trends of prostate cancer and the outcome of treatment modalities for each disease stage in patients in a single institute over a 10-year period. From January 1994 through December 2003, 420 consecutive patients with previously untreated and histologically confirmed prostate cancer were analyzed for annual distributions of disease stages and treatment modalities and for long-term clinical progression-free survival, prostate cancer-specific survival, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) failure-free survival rates for each stage and treatment modality. Annual trends showed that the number of patients, especially those with clinically localized cancer, increased dramatically. The 5-year disease-specific survival rates for patients with clinically localized disease were 100 percent for all treatment modalities, including hormonal therapy alone. Patients with PSA levels less than 10 ng/ml showed an 81 percent 5-year PSA failure-free survival rate with radical prostatectomy. Stage C patients treated by surgery or radiation-based therapy with concomitant hormonal therapy obtained 93 percent and 100 percent cause-specific survival rates, respectively, and those treated by hormonal therapy alone showed a 79 percent rate. The number of patients with localized prostate cancer was increasing in this decade. While long-term hormonal therapy alone was highly efficient in controlling localized prostate cancer, radical therapies in conjunction with neo-adjuvant hormonal therapy produced better survival rates in cases of locally advanced disease.</p>
Keywords prostate carcinoma long-term cohort retrospective outcome
Amo Type Article
Published Date 2005-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume59
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 195
End Page 199
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 16286958
Web of Science KeyUT 000232835600003