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Based on Novotny's transfer-matrix method, we simulated the (stacked) triangular Ising antiferromagnet embedded in the space with the dimensions variable in the range 2 <= d <= 3. Our aim is to investigate the criticality of the XY universality class for 2 <= d <= 3. For that purpose, we employed an extended version of the finite-size-scaling analysis developed by Novotny, who utilized this scheme to survey the Ising criticality (ferromagnet) for 1 <= d <= 3. Diagonalizing the transfer matrix for the system sizes N up to N=17, we calculated the d-dependent correlation-length critical exponent nu(d). Our simulation result nu(d) appears to interpolate smoothly the known two limiting cases, namely, the Kosterlitz-Thouless (KT) and d=3 XY universality classes, and the intermediate behavior bears close resemblance to that of the analytical formula via the 1/N-expansion technique. Methodological details including the modifications specific to the present model are reported.
stacked triangular lattice
6-state clock model
Digital Object Identifer:10.1103/PhysRevE.71.046112
Published with permission from the copyright holder. This is the institute's copy, as published in Physical Review E, April 2005, Volume 71, Issue 4, Pages 6.
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Physical Review E
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