Theriogenology_74_5_863–870.pdf 99.2 KB
The objective of this study was to use a microfluidic sperm sorter (MFSS), designed to isolate motile human spermatozoa with laminar flows (no centrifugation), for porcine IVF. Boar spermatozoa were diluted at 1 x 10(8) with a diluent containing 20% seminal fluid and flowed with modified TCM-199 (mM199, with 5 mM caffeine) to introduce motile sperm into the exit chamber for IVF. In Experiment 1, after flowing for 5 min, sperm concentration varied significantly among specific sites within the MFSS collecting chamber (range, 0.8 +/- 0.5 x 10(4) to 575.0 +/- 56.3 x 10(4) cells/mL; mean +/- SEM). In Experiment 2, when porcine IVM oocytes were placed at three locations in the MFSS exit chamber (where only motile spermatozoa accumulated) and subsequently cultured in caffeine-free mM199 for 8 h, sperm penetration rate was not significantly different among places (86.1 +/- 10.5 to 100%), but the monospermic penetration rate was lower (P < 0.05) in oocytes 3.5 mm from the exit position (12.5 +/- 4.8%) than those at 7.5 mm (53.1 +/- 6.0%) or further (41.9 +/- 2.8%) from the exit. In Experiment 3, the normal fertilization index (ratio of monospermic oocytes to number of oocytes examined) 8 h after insemination was higher (P < 0.05) in the MFSS-IVF system (0.375 +/- 0.040) than both standard IVF and transient IVF (0.222 +/- 0.028 and 0.189 +/- 0.027, respectively, with co-culture for 8 h and for 5 min). Developmental competence of fertilized oocytes (blastocyst formation) was higher (P < 0.05) in the MFSS-IVF system (40.9 +/- 2.3%) than in either standard or transient IVF (22.6 +/- 1.4 and 33.7 +/- 3.5%). In conclusion, brief co-culture of porcine oocytes with spermatozoa gradually accumulated in the MFSS chamber improved the efficiency of producing monospermic fertilized embryos and blastocysts. Furthermore, efficiencies were significantly affected by oocyte location within the chamber.
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