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ID 32950
FullText URL
Author
Hatanaka, Kenji
Suzuki, Kazuomi
Watts, David C.
Abstract

Objectives
The aims of this investigation were to clarify the effects of 24 h water-storage and finishing time on mechanical properties and marginal adaptation to a Class V cavity of eight modern flowable resin-composites.

Methods
Eight flowable composites, plus two controls (one microfilled and one hybrid composite), were investigated with specimen sub-groups (n = 10) for each property measured. The principal series of experiments was conducted in model Class V cavities with interfacial polishing either immediately (3 min) after setting or after 24 h water-storage. After the finishing procedure, each tooth was sectioned in a buccolingual direction through the center of the restoration, and the presence or absence of marginal-gaps was measured (and then summed for each cavity) at 14 points (each 0.5 mm apart) along the cavity restoration interface (n = 10 per group; total points measured = 140). The shear bond-strengths to enamel and to dentin, and flexural strengths and moduli data were also measured at 3 min and after 24 h water-storage.

Results
For all flowable composites, polished immediately after setting, 14–30 summed gaps were observed (controls: 64 and 42). For specimens polished after 24 h, a significantly (p < 0.05) reduced number of 8–17 summed gaps occurred for only 3 flowable composites; whereas for 5 flowable composites there were non-significantly-different (p > 0.05) numbers (11–17) of summed gaps (controls: 28 and 22). After 24 h storage, shear bond-strengths to enamel and to dentin, flexural strengths and moduli increased highly significantly (p < 0.001) for all materials, except Silux Plus.

Significance
A post-cure interval of 24 h resulted in enhanced mechanical and adhesive properties of flowable dental composites. In a minority of cases there was also a reduced incidence of marginal-gap formation. However the latter effect may be partly attributed to 24 h delayed polishing, even though such a delay is not usual clinical practice.

Keywords
Flowable composite
Gap-formation
Class V restoration
Flexural
Bond-strength
Note
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1016/j.dental.2006.06.001
Published with permission from the copyright holder. This is the author's copy, as published in Dental Material, September 2006, Volume 22, Issue 9, Pages 875-883.
Publisher URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2006.06.001
Direct access to Thomson Web of Science record
Copyright © 2006 Academy of Dental Materials Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Published Date
2006-9
Publication Title
Dental Material
Volume
volume22
Issue
issue9
Start Page
875
End Page
883
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
Refereed
True
DOI
Web of Science KeyUT
Submission Path
dentistry_general/4