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ID 32949
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Author
Tjandrawinata, Rosalina
Suzuki, Kazuomi
Watts, David C.
Abstract

Objectives
This in vitro study evaluated the effect on interfacial gap-formation around resin-modified glass–ionomer (RMGIC) root surface restorations with (a) variations in powder/liquid ratio (P/L) of the first increment of an incremental procedure, compared with a bulk restoration technique, and (b) delayed versus immediate polishing, to permit maturation.

Methods
Cavity preparations were placed in premolar teeth on upper facial root surfaces. Two RMGICs were studied (Fuji II LC and Vitremer), with their associated conditioner or primer, applied with an incremental technique. The P/L ratio of the first increment was reduced to fractional (normalized) values between 0.2 and 1.0 of the manufacturers' recommended P/L, and the manufacturers' P/L was used for the second increment. Control groups were bulk filled. After polishing, either: (i) immediately after light-activation or (ii) after 24 h storage, the restored teeth were sectioned in a buccolingual direction through the center of the restoration and the presence or absence of marginal gaps was measured at ×1000 magnification at 14 points (each 0.5-mm apart) along the cavity restoration interface; (n=10; total points measured per group=140).

Results
For both RMGICs, significant differences (p<0.05) in gap-incidence were observed between polishing (i) immediately and (ii) after one-day storage. In the former case, 30–70 gaps were found, with or without the incremental technique. In the latter case, only 2–14 gaps were observed. With fluid mixes (normalized P/L ratios between 0.3 and 0.6) for the first increment, gap-formation was greatly reduced, especially with Fuji II LC.

Significance
To minimize gap formation, more fluid mixes could be used especially with Fuji II LC to give improved adaptation to the dentin. Secondly, whenever possible, polishing should be delayed on the final increment to permit maturation and minimize mechanical disruption of both increments.

Keywords
Resin-modified glass–ionomer cement
Interfacial gap formation
Root surface restoration
Incremental technique
Shrinkage
Note
Digital Object Identifier: 10.1016/j.dental.2005.05.007
Published with permission from the copyright holder. This is the author's copy, as published in Dental Material, May 2005, Volume 22, Issue 5, Pages 486-497.
Publisher URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dental.2005.05.007
Direct access to Thomson Web of Science record
Copyright © 2005 Academy of Dental Materials Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Published Date
2005-5
Publication Title
Dental Material
Volume
volume22
Issue
issue5
Start Page
486
End Page
497
Content Type
Journal Article
language
英語
Refereed
True
DOI
Web of Sience KeyUT
Submission Path
dentistry_general/3