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To investigate the role of vitronectin in the progression of diabetic nephropathy, plasma concentrations of vitronectin were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in patients with diabetes mellitus and compared with normal control subjects. In diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria and microalbuminuria, plasma concentrations of vitronectin were significantly higher than those of control subjects. Plasma concentrations of vitronectin in diabetic patients with chronic renal failure were significantly lower than those with normal renal function. There was a significant positive correlation between plasma concentration of vitronectin and blood platelet counts. In the early stage of diabetic nephropathy, vitronectin may be increased caused by synthesis from activated platelets. With progression of diabetic nephropathy, plasma vitronectin may be decreased because of accumulation in sclerotic glomeruli and arteriosclerotic lesions. In conclusion, the plasma concentration of vitronectin appears to be an important marker for the progression of diabetic nephropathy.
chronic renal failure
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
Acta Medica Okayama
Okayama University Medical School
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