Author Uchida, Daisuke| Shiraha, Hidenori| Kato, Hironari| Nagahara, Teruya| Iwamuro, Masaya| Kataoka, Junro| Horiguchi, Shigeru| Watanabe, Masami| Takaki, Akinobu| Nouso, Kazuhiro| Nasu, Yasutomo| Yagi, Takahito| Kumon, Hiromi| Yamamoto, Kazuhide|
Published Date 2014-05
Publication Title Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume volume29
Issue issue5
Content Type Journal Article
Author Kurahashi, Hiroaki| Watanabe, Masami| Sugimoto, Morito| Ariyoshi, Yuichi| Mahmood, Sabina| Araki, Motoo| Ishii, Kazushi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Nagai, Atsushi| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2013-12
Publication Title Endocrine Journal
Volume volume60
Issue issue12
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52405
FullText URL 68_2_89.pdf
Author Sako, Shinichi| Kariyama, Reiko| Mitsuhata, Ritsuko| Yamamoto, Masumi| Wada, Koichiro| Ishii, Ayano| Uehara, Shinya| Kokeguchi, Susumu| Kusano, Nobuchika| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract We conducted a study on molecular epidemiology and clinical implications of metallo-β-lactamase (MBL)-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from urine. Over a 10-year period from 2001 through 2010, a total of 92 MBL-producing P. aeruginosa urine isolates were collected from patients (one isolate per patient) who were admitted to 5 hospitals in Okayama Prefecture, Japan. When cross-infection was suspected in the hospital, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was performed. In the resulting dendrogram of 79 MBL-producing P. aeruginosa urine isolates, no identical isolates and 7 pairs of isolates with ≥80% similarity were found. The biofilm-forming capabilities of 92 MBL-producing P. aeruginosa urine isolates were significantly greater than those of 92 non-MBL-producing urine isolates in a medium of modified artificial urine. The imipenem resistance transferred in 16 of 18 isolates tested, and these frequencies were in the range of 10-3 to 10-9. All of 18 isolates tested belonged to internationally spread sequence type 235 and had 3 gene cassettes of antimicrobial resistance genes in the class 1 integron. The strong biofilm-forming capabilities of MBL-producing P. aeruginosa urine isolates could be seriously implicated in nosocomial infections. To prevent spread of the organism and transferable genes, effective strategies to inhibit biofilm formation in medical settings are needed.
Keywords Pseudomonas aeruginosa metallo-β-lactamase molecular epidemiology biofilm urinary tract infection
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 89
End Page 99
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24743784
Web of Sience KeyUT 000334652700004
Related Url http://ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/metadata/52504
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52403
FullText URL 68_2_63.pdf
Author Fujii, Yasuyuki| Hoshino, Tyuji| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract Dickkopf (DKK) proteins interact with low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5/6 (LRP5/6) to modulate WNT signaling. The interaction is mediated by a cysteine-rich domain (C2) in the DKK protein and β-propeller domains (PD) of LRP5/6. However, the third member of the DKK family (DKK3) does not bind to LRP5/6. To determine why DKK3 does not bind to the receptor domains, we performed a molecular modeling simulation study including homology modeling, protein-protein docking and molecular dynamics (MD). The computed affinities (ΔGbinding) between the C2 and PD models were consistent with the previously reported experimental results. The C2 model of DKK3 showed the lowest affinity for PD models. Multiple sequence alignment of C2 domains revealed that the DKK3 genes have a unique 7-amino-acid insertion (L249-E255 in human DKK3) and P258 in a finger loop 1 (FL1). Interestingly, the insertion sequence is evolutionally conserved. MD simulations of high-affinity complex models of C2 and PD showed that FL1 directly interacts with the PD models and stabilizes the complex models. We also built a 7-amino-acid-deletion/P258G mutant model of DKK3C2 and estimated its affinities for the PD models. The affinity for human LRP5PD2 was increased by the substitution (ΔGbinding=-48.9kcal/mol) and the affinity was compatible with that of high-affinity ligands. The results suggested that the lack of affinity between human DKK3 and human LRP5/6 results from: i) insertion of the 7 amino acids, and ii) P258 in human DKK3. The sequence differences thus suggest an explanation for this unique property of DKK3.
Keywords DKK3 molecular modeling protein-protein docking LRP5/6
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 63
End Page 78
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24743782
Web of Sience KeyUT 000334652700002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52144
FullText URL 68_1_47.pdf
Author Ishikawa, Tsutomu| Araki, Motoo| Hirata, Takeshi| Watanabe, Masami| Ebara, Shin| Watanabe, Toyohiko| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract We report 3 patients with the rare complication of an indwelling urethral catheter misdirected into the ureter. This is the largest series to date. Patients were referred to us for a variety of reasons following exchange of their chronic indwelling urinary catheters. CT in all cases demonstrated the urinary catheters residing in the left ureter. The ages of the patients were 37, 67 and 81 years old. All patients suffered from neurogenic bladder. Two patients were female, one was male, and 2 of the 3 had a sensory disorder inhibiting their pain response. The catheters were replaced with open-end Foley catheters. Extensive follow-up CT scans were obtained in one case, demonstrating improvement of hydronephrosis and no evidence of ureteral stenosis. Cystoscopy in this patient demonstrated normally positioned and functioning ureteral orifices. Although the placement of an indwelling urethral catheter is a comparatively safe procedure, one must keep in mind that this complication can occur, particularly in female patients with neurogenic bladder. CT without contrast is a noninvasive, definitive diagnostic tool.
Keywords complication indwelling urethral catheter imaging computed tomography ureter
Amo Type Case Report
Published Date 2014-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 47
End Page 51
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24553489
Web of Sience KeyUT 000331592800008
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/52142
FullText URL 68_1_35.pdf
Author Araki, Motoo| Jeong, Wooju| Park, Sung Yul| Lee, Young Hoon| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Hong, Sung Joon| Rha, Koon Ho|
Abstract The purpose of this study was to compare the positive surgical margin (PSM) rates of 2 techniques of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) for pT2 (localized) prostate cancer. A retrospective analysis was conducted of 361 RARP cases, performed from May 2005 to September 2008 by a single surgeon (KHR) at our institution (Yonsei University College of Medicine). In the conventional technique, the bladder neck was transected first. In the modified ultradissection, the lateral border of the bladder neck was dissected and then the bladder neck was transected while the detrusor muscle of the bladder was well visualized. Perioperative characteristics and outcomes and PSM rates were analyzed retrospectively for pT2 patients (n=217), focusing on a comparison of those undergoing conventional (n=113) and modified ultradissection (n=104) techniques. There was no difference between the conventional and modified ultradissection group in mean age, BMI, PSA, prostate volume, biopsy Gleason score, and DʼAmico prognostic criteria distributions. The mean operative time was shorter (p<0.001) and the estimated blood loss was less (p<0.01) in the modified ultradissection group. The PSM rate for the bladder neck was significantly reduced by modified ultradissection, from 6.2% to 0% (p<0.05). In conclusion, modified ultradissection reduces the PSM rate for the bladder neck.
Keywords robot-assisted radical prostatectomy prostate cancer surgery surgical margin technique
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2014-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume68
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 35
End Page 41
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2014 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 24553487
Web of Sience KeyUT 000331592800006
Author Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2013-08-01
Publication Title 岡山医学会雑誌
Volume volume125
Issue issue2
Content Type Article
Author Bekku, Kensuke| Saika, Takashi| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Kioshimoto, Ryo| Kanbara, Taiki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2013-02
Publication Title International Journal of Clinical Oncology
Volume volume18
Issue issue1
Content Type Journal Article
Author Tanimoto, Ryuta| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Abarzua, Fernando| Kataoka, Ken| Kurose, Kaoru| Murata, Hitoshi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Huh, Nam-Ho|
Published Date 2010-04-01
Publication Title International Journal of Cancer
Volume volume126
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
Author Huang, P| Kaku, H| Chen, J| Kashiwakura, Y| Saika, T| Nasu, Y| Urata, Y| Fujiwara, T| Watanabe, M| Kumon, H|
Published Date 2010-07
Publication Title Cancer Gene Therapy
Volume volume17
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
Author Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Kataoka, Ken| Abarzua, Fernando| Tanimoto, Ryuta| Watanabe, Masami| Murata, Hitoshi| Than, Swe Swe| Kurose, Kaoru| Kashiwakura, Yuji| Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Huh, Nam-ho|
Published Date 2009-05-22
Publication Title The Journal of Biological Chemistry
Volume volume284
Issue issue21
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48078
FullText URL 66_1_23.pdf
Author Watanabe, Toyohiko| Inoue, Miyabi| Ishii, Ayano| Yamato, Toyoko| Yamamoto, Masumi| Sasaki, Katsumi| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Araki, Motoo| Uehara, Shinya| Saika, Takashi| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract Polypropylene mesh implants for the correction of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) are now available in Japan. We developed an innovative approach for correcting POP by placing polypropylene mesh transvaginally with laparoscopic assistance. From June 2007 through March 2010, sixteen consecutive patients with symptomatic stage 2 or 3 pelvic organ prolapse underwent the laparoscopic-assisted tension-free vaginal mesh procedure at Okayama University Hospital. All patients were evaluated before and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. Female sexual function was also evaluated with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). The procedure was performed successfully without significant complications. Fifteen of 16 patients were considered anatomically cured (93.8%) at 12 months postoperatively. One patient with a recurrent stage 3 vaginal vault prolapse required sacral colpopexy six months postoperatively. Total FSFI scores improved significantly from 10.3±1.3 at baseline to 18.0±1.2 at 12 months after surgery. The laparoscopic-assisted trans-vaginal mesh is a safe, effective, and simple procedure for POP repairs. The procedure not only restores anatomic relationships but also improves sexual function.
Keywords tension-free vaginal mesh pelvic organ prolapse laparoscopic female urology sexual function
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 23
End Page 29
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22358136
Web of Sience KeyUT 000300800700004
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/48076
FullText URL 66_1_7.pdf
Author Kawauchi, Keiichiro| Watanabe, Masami| Kaku, Haruki| Huang, Peng| Sasaki, Kasumi| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Huh, Nam-ho| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract The preclinical safety and therapeutic efficacy of adenoviral vectors that express the REIC/Dkk-3 tumor suppressor gene (Ad-REIC) was examined for use in prostate cancer gene therapy. The Ad-human (h) and mouse (m) REIC were previously demonstrated to induce strong anti-cancer effects in vitro and in vivo, and we herein report the results of two in vivo studies. First, intra-tumor Ad-hREIC administration was examined for toxicity and therapeutic effects in a subcutaneous tumor model using the PC3 prostate cancer cell line. Second, intra-prostatic Ad-mREIC administration was tested for toxicity in normal mice. The whole-body and spleen weights, hematological and serum chemistry parameters, and histological evaluation of tissues from throughout the body were analyzed. Both experiments indicated that there was no significant difference in the examined parameters between the Ad-REIC-treated group and the control (PBS- or Ad-LacZ-treated) group. In the in vitro analysis using PC3 cells, a significant apoptotic effect was observed after Ad-hREIC treatment. Confirming this observation, the robust anti-tumor efficacy of Ad-hREIC was demonstrated in the in vivo subcutaneous prostate cancer model. Based on the results of these preclinical experiments, we consider the adenovirus-mediated REIC/Dkk-3 in situ gene therapy to be safe and useful for the clinical treatment of prostate cancer.
Keywords REIC Dickkopf-3 gene therapy prostate cancer preclinical study
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2012-02
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume66
Issue issue1
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 7
End Page 16
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2012 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22358134
Web of Sience KeyUT 000300800700002
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/47013
FullText URL 65_5_315.pdf
Author Wang, Lei| Kaku, Haruki| Huang, Peng| Xu, Kexin| Yang, Kai| Zhang, Jiheng| Li, Ming| Xie, Liping| Wang, Xiaofeng| Sakai, Akiko| Watanabe, Masami| Nasu, Yasutomo| Shimizu, Kenji| Kumon, Hiromi| Na, Yanqun|
Abstract Deficiencies in the human DNA repair gene WRN are the cause of Werner syndrome, a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by premature aging and a predisposition to cancer. This study evaluated the association of WRN Leu1074Phe (rs1801195), a common missense single nucleotide polymorphism in WRN, with prostate cancer susceptibility in Chinese subjects. One hundred and forty-seven prostate cancer patients and 111 male cancer-free control subjects from 3 university hospitals in China were included. Blood samples were obtained from each subject, and the single nucleotide polymorphism WRN Leu1074Phe was genotyped by using a Snapshot assay. The results showed that WRN Leu1074Phe was associated with the risk of prostate cancer in Chinese men and that the TG/GG genotype displayed a decreased prevalence of prostate cancer compared with the TT genotype (OR=0.58, 95%CI:0.35-0.97, p=0.039). Through stratified analysis, more significant associations were revealed for the TG/GG genotype in the subgroup with diagnosis age <_ 72 yr (OR=0.27, 95%CI:0.12-0.61, p=0.002) and in patients with localized diseases (OR=0.36, 95%CI:0.19-0.70, p=0.003). However, no statistically significant difference was found in the subgroup with age >72 yr or in patients with advanced diseases. We concluded that the genetic variant Leu1074Phe in the DNA repair gene WRN might play a role in the risk of prostate cancer in Chinese subjects.
Keywords polymorphism prostatic neoplasms single nucleotide susceptibility WRN
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2011-10
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue5
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 315
End Page 323
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 22037267
Web of Sience KeyUT 000296116400005
Author Ochiai, Kazuhiko| Watanabe, Masami| Ueki, Hideo| Huang, Peng| Fujii, Yasuyuki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Noguchi, Hirofumi| Hirata, Takeshi| Sakaguchi, Masakiyo| Huh, Nam-ho| Kashiwakura, Yuji| Kaku, Haruki| Kumon, Hiromi|
Published Date 2011-08-26
Publication Title Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume volume412
Issue issue2
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/45274
FullText URL 65_2_143.pdf
Author Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Saika, Takashi| Manabe, Daisuke| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract We analyzed the prognostic factors influencing survival after surgeries for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC) with longer follow-up periods than in previous studies. Between January 2000 and December 2004, 386 patients underwent nephroureterectomy for UUT-UC. The data for the 221 patients with UUT-UC were retrospectively reviewed. Nine variables were evaluated for association with the survival outcomes of cause-specific survival. The prognostic significance was tested univariately with the log-rank test. The simultaneous effects of multiple prognostic factors were estimated by multiple regression analysis using the Cox proportional hazards model. The median follow-up was 38.4 months. The 5-year over all survival was 62.3%. Significant prognostic factors for disease-specific survival rate on univariate analysis were pathological stage (p0.0001), tumor grade (p0.0324), and venous invasion (p0.0001). Multivariate analysis revealed that only venous invasion was significant for disease-specific survival rate (p0.0205). Venous invasion was the only independent prognostic factor in pathologically localized UUT-UC.
Keywords nephroureterectomy transitional cell carcinoma upper urinary tract
Amo Type Corrected and Republished Article
Published Date 2011-04
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume65
Issue issue2
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 143
End Page 149
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
Copyright Holders CopyrightⒸ 2011 by Okayama University Medical School
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 20200581
Web of Sience KeyUT 000289818800011
Author Nishiguchi, Jun| Hayashi, Yukio| Chancellor, Michael B| de Miguel, Fernando| de Groat, William C| Kumon, Hiromi| Yoshimura, Naoki|
Published Date 2005-12
Publication Title Urology
Volume volume66
Issue issue6
Content Type Journal Article
Author Yokoyama, Teruhiko| Watanabe, Toyohiko| Saika, Takashi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Kumon, Hiromi| Miyaji, Yoshiyuki| Nagai, Atsushi|
Published Date 2007-10-02
Publication Title International Journal of Urology
Volume volume14
Issue issue7
Content Type Journal Article
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32881
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Murakami, Takanori| Ebara, Shin| Saika, Takashi| Irie, Shin| Takeda, Katsuji| Maki, Yoshio| Miyaji, Sadayuki| Manabe, Daisuke| Kaku, Haruki| Nasu, Yasutomo| Tsushima, Tomoyasu| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>We evaluated the need for transurethral biopsy at first follow-up after intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy for superficial bladder cancer. The records of 84 patients with superficial bladder cancer who received a 6- or 8-week course of BCG were reviewed. Pathological results before BCG, cystoscopic findings, urinary cytology, and biopsy results for evaluation of BCG therapy were reviewed. All 19 patients with positive urinary cytology had evidence of positive bladder biopsy results. Fifty-three of 54 patients (98.1%) with no visible recurrent tumor and negative urinary cytology demonstrated negative pathological results on bladder biopsy. When not found in conjunction with positive urinary cytology, erythematous mucosa on cystoscopy was not an indicator of tumor recurrence or residual cancer. In conclusion, routine transurethral biopsy of the bladder for evaluating the response to BCG intravesical therapy is not necessary in patients who have no visible tumor on cystoscopy and negative urinary cytology./</p>
Keywords bladder cancer BCG therapy transurethral biopsy cystoscopy urinary cytology
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 341
End Page 344
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183079
JaLCDOI 10.18926/AMO/32878
FullText URL fulltext.pdf
Author Ebara, Shin| Manabe, Daisuke| Kobayashi, Yasuyuki| Tanimoto, Ryuta| Saika, Takashi| Nasu, Yasutomo| Saito, Shirou| Satoh, Takefumi| Miki, Kenta| Hashine, Katsuyoshi| Kumon, Hiromi|
Abstract <p>From September 2003 to December 2005, 188 patients who visited our hospital and allied institutions for the purpose of prostate brachytherapy were administrated hormonal therapy for volume reductions before brachytherapy. The pretreatment and posttreatment of prostate volume using a transrectal ultrasound volumetric study and the types and duration of hormonal therapy were analyzed. We administered 91 patients with Luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LH-RH) agonist, 49 patients with anti-androgen (bicaltamide/flutamide), and 48 patients with maximum androgen blockade (MAB). The duration of the hormonal therapy was 1-3 months for 49 patients, 4-6 months for 59 patients, 7-9 months for 40 patients, 10-12 months for 32 patients, and over 13 months for 8 patients. Before the initiation of hormonal therapy, the mean prostate volume was 35.12 ml (11.04-78.71 ml), and the average of prostate volume before and after hormonal therapy was 36.79 ml and 24.79 ml, respectively (a 32.4% reduction). The prostate volume reduction rate was 32.0% for the LH-RH agonist only, 18.1% for the anti-androgen only and 41.2% for the MAB. No statistically significant difference was observed for the duration of hormonal therapy between 3 groups. A three-month course of the neoadjuvant LH-RH agonist indicated a sufficient volume reduction effectiveness for a large prostate volume.</p>
Keywords androgen deprivation therapy brachytherapy localized prostate cancer prostate volume reduction
Amo Type Original Article
Published Date 2007-12
Publication Title Acta Medica Okayama
Volume volume61
Issue issue6
Publisher Okayama University Medical School
Start Page 335
End Page 340
ISSN 0386-300X
NCID AA00508441
Content Type Journal Article
language 英語
File Version publisher
Refereed True
PubMed ID 18183078
Web of Sience KeyUT 000251943800004